Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Metrology and Measurement Systems

The Journal of Committee on Metrology and Scientific Instrumentation of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.598

CiteScore 2016: 1.58

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.460
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 1.228

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Measurement of Short-Circuit Effects on Transformer Winding with SFRA Method and Impact Test

Miroslav Gutten
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Žilina, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Univerzitná 1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Richard Janura / Milan Šebök / Daniel Korenčiak / Matej Kučera
Published Online: 2016-12-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mms-2016-0044


The paper presents theoretical and experimental analyses of a possible effect of the short-circuit forces on the transformer winding. The first part of the paper is focused on creation and activity of the radial and axial forces during a short circuit. It shows dimensions, direction and − of course − the resulting mechanical stress. The presented equation shows basic dependencies of these mechanical forces created in the transformer winding. Finally, the paper presents experimental methods of diagnosing and analysing the effects of short-circuit forces on the transformer winding.

Keywords: transformer; mechanical effects; measuring methods; frequency response; impact test


  • [1] Glowacz, A., Glowacz, A., Glowacz, Z. (2015). Recognition of Thermal Images of Direct Current Motor with Application of Area Perimeter Vector and Bayes Classifier. Measurement Science Review, 15(3), 119−126.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Gutten, M. (2011). Analysis of short-circuit currents in electrical equipment. Zilina: EDIS, 103.Google Scholar

  • [3] Koltunowicz, T.N., Zukowski, P., Boiko, O., Saad, A., Fedotova, J.A., Fedotov, A.K., Larkin, A.V., Kasiuk, J. (2015). AC Hopping Conductance in Nanocomposite Films with Ferromagnetic Alloy Nanoparticles in a PbZrTiO3 Matrix. Journal of Electronic Materials, 44(7), 2260−2268.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Sedlak, J., Brandt, M., Seewald, R. (2012). Influence of Remanent Magnetization on the Diagnostic of Distribution 25MVA Transformer by SFRA Method. Elektro 2012 Proc., 465−468.Google Scholar

  • [5] Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited Bhopal. Transformers. (2003). New Dehli: McGraw Hill Education Private Limited, 614.Google Scholar

  • [6] Heatcote, M.J. (2007). The J & P Transformer Book. Chennai: Elsevier, 989.Google Scholar

  • [7] Shayegani, A.A., Hassan, O., Borsi, H., Gockenbach, E., Mosheni, H. (2004). PDC Measurement Evaluation on Oil-Pressboard Samples. International Conference on Solid Dielectrics, 4, 50−62.Google Scholar

  • [8] Jurcik, J., Gutten, M., Korenciak, D. (2011). Analysis of transient actions influence in power transformer. Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 9(2), 65−69.Google Scholar

  • [9] Werelius, P., Ohlen, M., Adeen, L., Brynjebo, E. (2008). Measurement Considerations using SFRA for Condition Assessment of Power Transformers. International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Diagnosis, Beijing, China.Google Scholar

  • [10] Kvasnička, V., Prochazka, R., Velek, J. (2005). Verification of method frequency characteristics in control room of distribution system Czech Republic. Diagnostika, Pilsen, Czech Republic.Google Scholar

  • [11] Arumugam, S. (2014). Experimental investigation on terminal connection and system function pair during SFRA testing on three phase transformers. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 58, 101−110.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [12] Gutten, M., Jurčik, J., Korenčiak, D., Janura, R. (2014). Analysis of transformer winding considering transient effects. Journal of Electrical and Control Engineering (JECE), 4(3).Google Scholar

  • [13] Megger: Manual of instrument FRAX 150.Google Scholar

  • [14] Dikun, J., Onal E. (2015). Coherence and time-frequency analysis of impulse voltage and current measurements. Journal of Energy in Southern Africa, 26(2), 118−122.Google Scholar

  • [15] Ballon Instrument: Manual of generator PSG 204 A.Google Scholar

  • [16] Pavlanin, R., Dobrucky, B., Spanik, P. (2009). Investigation of Compensation Effect of Shunt Active Power Filter Working under the Non-Sinusoidal Voltage Conditions. International Review of Electrical Engineering - IREE, 4(5), 785−791. Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-02-17

Accepted: 2016-05-25

Published Online: 2016-12-13

Published in Print: 2016-12-01

Citation Information: Metrology and Measurement Systems, Volume 23, Issue 4, Pages 521–529, ISSN (Online) 2300-1941, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mms-2016-0044.

Export Citation

© Polish Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in