Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
In This Section

Metrology and Measurement Systems

The Journal of Committee on Metrology and Scientific Instrumentation of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.598

CiteScore 2016: 1.58

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.554
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 1.363

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
In This Section

On Rapid Re-Design of UWB Antennas with Respect to Substrate Permittivity

Slawomir Koziel
  • Corresponding author
  • Reykjavík University, School of Science and Engineering, Menntavegur 1, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland
  • Email:
/ Adrian Bekasiewicz
  • Reykjavík University, School of Science and Engineering, Menntavegur 1, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland
  • Email:
Published Online: 2016-12-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mms-2016-0051


Re-design of a given antenna structure for various substrates is a practically important issue yet non trivial, particularly for wideband and ultra-wideband antennas. In this work, a technique for expedited redesign of ultra-wideband antennas for various substrates is presented. The proposed approach is based on inverse surrogate modeling with the scaling model constructed for several reference designs that are optimized for selected values of the substrate permittivity. The surrogate is set up at the level of coarse-discretization EM simulation model of the antenna and, subsequently, corrected to provide prediction at the high-fidelity EM model level. The dimensions of the antenna scaled to any substrate permittivity within the region of validity of the surrogate are obtained instantly, without any additional EM simulation necessary. The proposed approach is demonstrated using an ultra-wideband monopole with the permittivity scaling range from 2.2 to 4.5. Numerical validation is supported by physical measurements of the fabricated prototypes of the re-designed antennas.

Keywords: antenna design; geometry scaling; simulation-driven optimization; surrogate modeling; inverse modeling; substrate properties


  • [1] Nocedal, J., Wright, S. (2006). Numerical Optimization. New York: Springer.

  • [2] Viani, F., Salucci, M., Robol, F., Oliveri, G., Massa, A. (2012). Design of a UHF RFID/GPS fractal antenna for logistics management. J. Electromagnetic Waves App., 26, 480−492.

  • [3] Lizzi, L., Azaro, R., Oliveri, G., Massa, A. (2011). Printed UWB antenna operating over multiple mobile wireless standards. IEEE Ant. Wireless Prop. Lett., 10, 1429−1432.

  • [4] Koziel, S., Ogurtsov, S. (2014). Antenna design by simulation-driven optimization. Surrogate-based approach. Springer.

  • [5] Koziel, S., Bekasiewicz, A. (2016). A structure and simulation-driven design of compact CPW-fed UWB antenna. IEEE Ant. Wireless Prop. Lett., 15, 750−753.

  • [6] Koziel, S., Bekasiewicz, A. (2015). Fast EM-driven size reduction of antenna structures by means of adjoint sensitivities and trust regions. IEEE Ant. Wireless Prop. Lett., 14, 1681−1684.

  • [7] Ghassemi, M., Bakr M., Sangary, N. (2013). Antenna design exploiting adjoint sensitivity-based geometry evolution. IET Microwaves Ant. Prop., 7(4), 268−276.

  • [8] Koziel, S., Ogurtsow, S., Zieniutycz, W., Bekasiewicz, A. (2015). Design of a planar UWB dipole antenna with an integrated balun using surrogate-based optimization. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 14, 366−369. [Crossref]

  • [9] Koziel, S., Mosler, F., Reitzinger, S., Thoma, P. (2012). Robust microwave design optimization using adjoint sensitivity and trust regions. Int. J. RF and Microwave CAE, 22(1), 10−19.

  • [10] CST Microwave Studio, ver. 2013, CST AG, Bad Nauheimer Str. 19, D-64289 Darmstadt, Germany, 2013.

  • [11] Ansys HFSS, ver. 14.0, ANSYS, Inc., Southpointe 275 Technology Drive, Canonsburg, PA 15317, 2012.

  • [12] Wu, J., Zhao, Z., Nie, Z., Liu, Q.H. (2014). Bandwidth enhancement of a planar printed quasi-Yagi antenna with size reduction. IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop., 62(1), 463−467. [Crossref]

  • [13] Chu, Q.X., Mao, C.X., Zhu, H. (2013). A Compact Notched Band UWB Slot Antenna With Sharp Selectivity and Controllable Bandwidth. IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop., 61(8), 3961−3966. [Crossref]

  • [14] Koziel, S., Bekasiewicz, A., Leifsson, L. (2016). Rapid EM-driven antenna dimension scaling through inverse modeling. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 15, 714−717. [Crossref]

  • [15] Conn, A.R., Gould, N.I.M., Toint, P.L. (2000). Trust-region methods. MPS-SIAM Series on Optimization, Philadelphia.

  • [16] Li, L., Cheung, S.W., Yuk, T.I. (2013). Compact MIMO Antenna for Portable Devices in UWB Applications. IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop., 61(8), 4257-4264. [Crossref]

About the article

Received: 2016-05-31

Accepted: 2016-07-09

Published Online: 2016-12-13

Published in Print: 2016-12-01

Citation Information: Metrology and Measurement Systems, ISSN (Online) 2300-1941, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mms-2016-0051. Export Citation

© Polish Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in