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Metrology and Measurement Systems

The Journal of Committee on Metrology and Scientific Instrumentation of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.598

CiteScore 2016: 1.58

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.460
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 1.228

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Volume 24, Issue 1


A New Approach to Spindle Radial Error Evaluation Using a Machine Vision System

C. Kavitha / S. Denis Ashok
Published Online: 2017-03-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mms-2017-0018


The spindle rotational accuracy is one of the important issues in a machine tool which affects the surface topography and dimensional accuracy of a workpiece. This paper presents a machine-vision-based approach to radial error measurement of a lathe spindle using a CMOS camera and a PC-based image processing system. In the present work, a precisely machined cylindrical master is mounted on the spindle as a datum surface and variations of its position are captured using the camera for evaluating runout of the spindle. The Circular Hough Transform (CHT) is used to detect variations of the centre position of the master cylinder during spindle rotation at subpixel level from a sequence of images. Radial error values of the spindle are evaluated using the Fourier series analysis of the centre position of the master cylinder calculated with the least squares curve fitting technique. The experiments have been carried out on a lathe at different operating speeds and the spindle radial error estimation results are presented. The proposed method provides a simpler approach to on-machine estimation of the spindle radial error in machine tools.

Keywords: machine vision; circular hough transform; Fourier series; runout; spindle radial error


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About the article

Received: 2016-09-14

Accepted: 2016-12-04

Published Online: 2017-03-20

Published in Print: 2017-03-01

Citation Information: Metrology and Measurement Systems, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 201–219, ISSN (Online) 2300-1941, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mms-2017-0018.

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© 2017 Polish Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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