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International Journal for Ontology and Metaphysics

Managing Editor: Koridze, Georg

Ed. by Hüntelmann, Rafael / Meixner, Uwe / Tegtmeier, Erwin

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Perception, Non-Propositional Content and the Justification of Perceptual Judgments

Jan Almäng
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  • Department of Philosophy, Linguistics, and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Box 200, 405 30 Göteborg, Sweden
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Published Online: 2014-01-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mp-2014-0001


It is often argued that for a perceptual experience to be able to justify perceptual judgments, the perceptual experience must have a propositional content. For, it is claimed, only propositions can bear logical relations such as implication to each other. In this paper, this claim is challenged. It is argued that whereas perceptions and judgments both have intentional content, their contents have different structures. Perceptual content does not have a propositional structure. Perceptions and judgments can nevertheless have the same cognitive significance. So the veridicality of a certain perceptual experience, can imply the truth of certain propositions. Consequently, perceptions can have non-propositional content, but even so justify perceptual judgments which have a propositional structure.

Keywords: Perceptual content; propositional structure; perceptual judgments; perceptual justification; perceptual structure


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About the article

Published Online: 2014-01-07

Published in Print: 2014-04-01

Citation Information: Metaphysica, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 1–23, ISSN (Online) 1874-6373, ISSN (Print) 1437-2053, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mp-2014-0001.

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