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Metaphysica

International Journal for Ontology and Metaphysics

Ed. by Hüntelmann, Rafael / Meixner, Uwe / Tegtmeier, Erwin

Together with Cumpa, Javier

Editorial Board Member: Addis, Laird / Davies, Brian / Hochberg, Herbert / Johansson, Ingvar / Kanzian, Christian / Klima, Gyula / Koons, Robert C / Künne, Wolfgang / Löffler, Winfried / Mulligan, Kevin / Nef, Frederic / Oaklander, Nathan / Oderberg, David / Orilia, Francesco / Plantinga, Alvin / Potrc, Matjaz / Rapp, Christof / Reicher-Marek, Maria Elisabeth / Schantz, Richard / Scholz, Oliver / Seibt, Johanna / Simons, Peter / Smith, Barry / Stoecker, Ralf / Strobach, Niko / Trettin, Käthe / Wachter, Daniel

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CiteScore 2016: 0.12

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1874-6373
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Do Ontological Categories Exist?

Aaron M. Griffith
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Philosophy and Religion, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859, USA
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Published Online: 2015-05-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mp-2015-0001

Abstract

This paper concerns the ontological status of ontological categories (e.g., universal, particular, substance, property, relation, kind, object, etc.). I consider E. J. Lowe’s argument for the view that ontological categories do not exist and point out that it has some undesirable consequences for his realist ontology. I go on to argue that the main premise in Lowe’s argument – that ontological categories cannot be categorized – is false and then develop a conception of ontological categories as formal ontological kinds.

Keywords: Ontological Categories; Kinds; Realism; Nominalism

References

  • Armstrong, D. M. 1997. A World of States of Affairs. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Koslicki, K. 2012. “Varieties of Ontological Dependence.” In Metaphysical Grounding, edited by F. Corriea, and B. Schnieder, 186–213. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Lowe, E. J. 2007. “Metaphysics as the Science of Essence,” Métaphysique contemporaine: propriétés, mondes possibles, et personnes, ed. E. Garcia & F. Nef, Paris: J. Vrin, 85–117.Google Scholar

  • Lowe, E. J. 1999. “Abstraction, Properties, and Immanent Realism.” Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2:195–205.Google Scholar

  • Lowe, E. J. 2001. The Possibility of Metaphysics. New York: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar

  • Lowe, E. J. 2006. The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Lowe, E. J. 2010. “Ontological Dependence.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by E. N. Zalta, http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2010/entries/dependence-ontological/.

About the article

Published Online: 2015-05-02

Published in Print: 2015-05-25


Citation Information: Metaphysica, ISSN (Online) 1874-6373, ISSN (Print) 1437-2053, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mp-2015-0001.

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