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# Mathematica Slovaca

Editor-in-Chief: Pulmannová, Sylvia

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Volume 68, Issue 3

# Perturbation analysis of a nonlinear equation arising in the Schaefer-Schwartz model of interest rates

Beáta Stehlíková
• Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics Mlynská dolina, SK–842 48 Bratislava Slovakia
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Published Online: 2018-05-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ms-2017-0129

## Abstract

We deal with the interest rate model proposed by Schaefer and Schwartz, which models the long rate and the spread, defined as the difference between the short and the long rates. The approximate analytical formula for the bond prices suggested by the authors requires a computation of a certain constant, defined via a nonlinear equation and an integral of a solution to a system of ordinary differential equations. A quantity entering the nonlinear equation is expressed in a closed form, but it contains infinite sums and evaluations of special functions. In this paper we use perturbation methods to compute the constant of interest as an asymptotic serie with coefficients given in closed form and expressed using elementary functions. A quick computation of the bond prices, which our approach allows, is essential for example in calibration of the model by means of fitting the observed yields, where the theoretical bond prices need to be recalculated for every observed date and maturity, as well as every combination of parameters considered. The first step of our derivation is identification of a small parameter in the problem, since it is not immediately clear. We verify our choice by numerical experiments using the values of parameters from the literature.

MSC 2010: 34E05; 65H05; 91G30

This work was supported by by VEGA 1/0251/16 grant.

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Accepted: 2016-10-26

Published Online: 2018-05-18

Published in Print: 2018-06-26

Citation Information: Mathematica Slovaca, Volume 68, Issue 3, Pages 617–624, ISSN (Online) 1337-2211, ISSN (Print) 0139-9918,

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