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Combustion synthesis process for the rapid preparation of high-purity SrO powders

Francisco Granados-Correa
  • Departamento de Química, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, A.P. 18-1027, Col. Escandón, Delegación Miguel Hidalgo., C.P. 11801, México, D.F., México
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/ Juan Bonifacio-Martínez
  • Departamento de Química, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, A.P. 18-1027, Col. Escandón, Delegación Miguel Hidalgo., C.P. 11801, México, D.F., México
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Published Online: 2014-12-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13536-014-0250-9


A rapid, safe and simple technique for the production of high purity strontium oxide powders via a chemical combustion process is reported. The combustion reactions were performed to optimize the fuel to oxidizer ratios in the reaction mixtures required to obtain pure SrO powders by varying the molar ratio of chemical precursors and the temperature. The synthesized powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and N2-physisorption measurements. The results indicate that crystalline SrO was obtained using a 1:1 strontium nitrate: urea molar ratio at 1000 °C after 5 minutes. In addition, high-purity, homogeneous and crystalline SrO powders were easily produced in a short time via a chemical combustion process.

Keywords: strontium oxide; chemical combustion; XRD; IR spectral analysis; thermal analysis

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-12-19

Published in Print: 2014-12-01

Citation Information: Materials Science-Poland, Volume 32, Issue 4, Pages 682–687, ISSN (Online) 2083-134X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13536-014-0250-9.

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© 2014 Wroclaw University of Technology. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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