Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Materials Science-Poland

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.610

CiteScore 2016: 0.64

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.226
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.431

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Fabrication and properties of zinc oxide thin film prepared by sol-gel dip coating method

Zohra Nazir Kayani / Maryam Iqbal / Saira Riaz / Rehana Zia / Shahzad Naseem
Published Online: 2016-08-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/msp-2015-0085


ZnO thin films were deposited on a glass substrate by dip coating technique using a solution of zinc acetate, ethanol and distilled water. Optical constants, such as refractive index n and extinction coefficient k. were determined from transmittance spectrum in the ultraviolet-visible-near infrared (UV-Vis-NIR) regions using envelope methods. The films were found to exhibit high transmittance, low absorbance and low reflectance in the visible regions. Absorption coefficient α and the thickness of the film t were calculated from interference of transmittance spectra. The direct optical band gap of the films was in the range of 3.98 to 3.54 eV and the thickness of the films was evaluated in the range of 173 to 323 nm, while the refractive index slightly varied in the range of 1.515 to 1.622 with an increase in withdrawal speed from 100 to 250 mm/s. The crystallographic structure of the films was analyzed with X-ray diffractometer. The films were amorphous in nature.

Keywords: thin films; sol-gel; X-ray diffraction; optical properties


  • [1] WAKEHAM J.S., THWAITES J.M., HOLTON W.B., TSAKONAS C., CRANTON M.W., KOUTSOGEORGIS C.D., RANSON R., Thin Solid Films, 518 (2009), 1355 Google Scholar

  • [2] SHIN H.S., SHIN H.J., PARK J.K., ISHIDA T., TABATA O., KIM H.H., Thin Solid Films, 341 (1999), 225.Google Scholar

  • [3] MURALI R.K., J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 68 (2007), 2293.Google Scholar

  • [4] KANEVA N.V., DUSHKIN C.D., Bulg. Chem. Commun., 43 (2011), 259.Google Scholar

  • [5] CHENG X.L., ZHAO H., HUO L.H., GAO S., ZHAO J.G., Sensor. Actuat. B-Chem., 102 (2004), 248.Google Scholar

  • [6] KLEIN C.L., Sol-gel technology for thin films, fibres, performs, electronics, and specialty shapes, Noyes Publications, New Jersey, 1988.Google Scholar

  • [7] LOPEZ M.T., AVNIR D., AEGERTER M., Emerging fields in sol-gel science and technology, Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, 2003.Google Scholar

  • [8] KAYANI N.Z., AFZAL T., RIAZ S., NASEEM S., J. Alloy.Compd., 606 (2014), 177.Google Scholar

  • [9] ANNA K., NINA P., YURI K., MEINHARD M., WERNER Z., AHARON G., Ultrason. Sonochem., 15 (2008), 839.Google Scholar

  • [10] LI H., WANG J., LIU H., YANG C., XU H., LI X., CUI H., Vacuum, 77 (2004), 57.Google Scholar

  • [11] WAHAB R., ANSARI S.G., KIM Y.S., SEO H.K., SHIN H.S., Appl. Surf. Sci., 253 (2007), 7622.Google Scholar

  • [12] ALIAS S.S., ISMAIL A.B., MOHAMAD A.A., J. Alloy.Compd., 499 (2010), 231.Google Scholar

  • [13] KHAN R.Z., KHAN S.M., ZULFEQUAR M., KHAN S.M., Mater. Sci. Appl., 2 (2011), 340.Google Scholar

  • [14] OHYAMA M., KOZUKA H., YOKO T., Thin Solid Films, 306 (1997), 78.Google Scholar

  • [15] MANIFACIER C., GASIOT J., FILLARD J., J. Phys. E, 9 (1976), 1002.Google Scholar

  • [16] URBACH F., Phys. Rev., 92 (1953), 1324.Google Scholar

  • [17] TAN T.S., CHEN J.B., SUN W.X., FAN J.W., J. Appl.Phys., 98 (2005), 013505.Google Scholar

  • [18] BALASUBRAMANIAN V., SURIYANARAYANAN N., KANNAN R., Res. J. Chem. Sci., 2 (2012), 51.Google Scholar

  • [19] SHINDE S.M., AHIRRAO B.P., PATIL J.I., PATIL S.R., Indian J. Pur. Ap. Phy., 50 (2012), 657.Google Scholar

  • [20] OZTA M., Chinese Phys. Lett., 25 (2008), 4090. Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2014-10-05

Accepted: 2015-05-21

Published Online: 2016-08-30

Published in Print: 2015-09-01

Citation Information: Materials Science-Poland, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 515–520, ISSN (Online) 2083-134X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/msp-2015-0085.

Export Citation

© 2016. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Zohra N Kayani, Neha Yaseen, Saira Riaz, and Shahzad Naseem
Materials Research Express, 2018, Volume 5, Number 3, Page 036418
Zohra Nazir Kayani, Syeda Sadaf Naqvi, Saira Riaz, Shahzad Naseem, and Saima Iram
Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society, 2017
Zohra N. Kayani, Gulnaz Fatima, Bareera Zulfiqar, Saira Riaz, and Shahzad Naseem
Journal of Electronic Materials, 2017
Zohra N. Kayani, Rabia Ishaque, Bareera Zulfiqar, Saira Riaz, and Shahzad Naseem
Optical and Quantum Electronics, 2017, Volume 49, Number 6

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in