Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …


Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication

Ed. by Piller, Ingrid

6 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.685
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.702

CiteScore 2016: 0.60

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.600
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.805

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 23, Issue 4 (Dec 2004)


Social stratification and patterns of code-switching in Early English letters

Arja Nurmi / Päivi Pahta
Published Online: 2005-07-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mult.2004.23.4.417


The study deals with multilingualism in a historical perspective, focusing on code-switching between English and other languages in letters written in fifteenth- and early sixteenth-century England. The data is drawn from the Corpus of Early English Correspondence, a large electronic tool designed for historical sociolinguistic research. A related database containing background information on the writers makes it possible to apply the framework of correlational sociolinguistics. While testing the relationship of code-switching with many social variables, the study concentrates on social stratification. The analysis shows clear correlation between the writers' social rank and their code-switching behaviour both in terms of quantity and quality. Other interlinked variables such as gender and education are also significant. The study also confirms that for a full understanding of the phenomenon, microlevel analyses of idiolects and interpersonal relations are needed.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-07-27

Published in Print: 2004-12-01

Citation Information: Multilingua - Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication, ISSN (Online) 1613-3684, ISSN (Print) 0167-8507, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mult.2004.23.4.417.

Export Citation

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Allan R. James
English Text Construction, 2014, Volume 7, Number 1, Page 18

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in