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Nanofabrication techniques of highly organized monolayers sandwiched between two electrodes for molecular electronics

Pilar Cea
  • Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencias Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, 50009, Spain
  • Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragón (INA) Campus Rio Ebro Edificio i+d Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, 50018, Spain
  • Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas (LMA) Campus Rio Ebro Edificio i+d Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, 50018, Spain
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Luz Marina Ballesteros
  • Universidad Industrial de Santander, Escuela de Ingeniería Química, Carrera 27 calle 9 ciudad universitaria, Bucaramanga, Colombia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Santiago Martín
  • Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencias Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, 50009, Spain
  • Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas (LMA) Campus Rio Ebro Edificio i+d Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, 50018, Spain
  • Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA) Universidad de Zaragoza-CSIC, Zaragoza, 50009, Spain
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-12-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/nanofab-2014-0010


It is expected that molecular electronics, i.e., the use of molecules as critical functional elements in electronic devices, will lead in the near future to an industrial exploitable novel technology, which will open new routes to high value-added electronic products. However, despite the enormous advances in this field several scientific and technological challenges should be surmounted before molecular electronics can be implemented in the market. Among these challenges are the fabrication of reliable, robust and uniform contacts between molecules and electrodes, the deposition of the second (top) contact electrode, and development of assembly strategies for precise placement of molecular materials within device structures. This review covers advances in nanofabrication techniques used for the assembly of monomolecular films onto conducting or semiconducting substrates as well as recent methods developed for the deposition of the top contact electrode highlighting the advantages and limitations of the several approaches used in the literature. This contribution also aims to define areas of outstanding challenges in the nanofabrication of monomolecular layers sandwiched between two electrodes and opportunities for future research and applications.

Keywords : molecular junctions; monolayers; molecular electronics; nanofabrication


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About the article

Received: 2014-08-11

Accepted: 2014-10-27

Published Online: 2014-12-15

Citation Information: Nanofabrication, Volume 1, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2299-680X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/nanofab-2014-0010.

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© 2014 Pilar Cea et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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