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Ink transport modelling in Dip-Pen Nanolithography and Polymer Pen Lithography

Ainhoa Urtizberea
  • Institute of Nanotechnology (INT) and Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Michael Hirtz
  • Institute of Nanotechnology (INT) and Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Harald Fuchs
  • Institute of Nanotechnology (INT) and Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Physical Institute and Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech), Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Münster, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-02-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/nanofab-2015-0005


Dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) and Polymer pen lithography (PPL) are powerful lithography techniques being able to pattern a wide range of inks. Transport and surface spreading depend on the ink physicochemical properties, defining its diffusive and fluid character. Structure assembly on surface arises from a balance between the entanglement of the ink itself and the interaction with the substrate. According to the transport characteristics, different models have been proposed. In this article we review the common types of inks employed for patterning, the particular physicochemical characteristics that make them flow following different dynamics as well as the corresponding transport mechanisms and models that describe them.

Keywords: Dip-pen nanolithography; DPN; Polymer Pen Nanolithography; PPL; ink transport


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About the article

Received: 2015-11-23

Accepted: 2015-12-23

Published Online: 2016-02-05

Citation Information: Nanofabrication, Volume 2, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2299-680X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/nanofab-2015-0005.

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© 2015 Ainhoa Urtizberea et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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