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Editor-in-Chief: Sorger, Volker

CiteScore 2017: 6.57

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Volume 4, Issue 1


Recent Progress on Plasmon-Enhanced Fluorescence

Jun Dong
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Electronic Engineering, Xi’an University of Posts and Telecommunications, Xi’an 710121, China and Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing 100190, China and School of Physics and Information Technology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an, 710062, People’s Republic of China (Contributed Equally)
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zhenglong Zhang
  • Corresponding author
  • Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing 100190, China and School of Physics and Information Technology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an, 710062, People’s Republic of China and Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Str. 9, 07745 Jena, Germany, and Physical Chemistry, Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, Helmholtzweg 07743, Jena, Germany (Contributed Equally)
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Hairong Zheng
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Physics and Information Technology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an, 710062, People’s Republic of China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mentao Sun
  • Corresponding author
  • Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing 100190, China, Email: mtsun@iphy.ac.cn and School of Electronic Engineering, Xi’an University of Posts and Telecommunications, Xi’an 710121, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-12-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2015-0028


The optically generated collective electron density waves on metal–dielectric boundaries known as surface plasmons have been of great scientific interest since their discovery. Being electromagnetic waves on gold or silver nanoparticle’s surface, localised surface plasmons (LSP) can strongly enhance the electromagnetic field. These strong electromagnetic fields near the metal surfaces have been used in various applications like surface enhanced spectroscopy (SES), plasmonic lithography, plasmonic trapping of particles, and plasmonic catalysis. Resonant coupling of LSPs to fluorophore can strongly enhance the emission intensity, the angular distribution, and the polarisation of the emitted radiation and even the speed of radiative decay, which is so-called plasmon enhanced fluorescence (PEF). As a result, more and more reports on surface-enhanced fluorescence have appeared, such as SPASER-s, plasmon assisted lasing, single molecule fluorescence measurements, surface plasmoncoupled emission (SPCE) in biological sensing, optical orbit designs etc. In this review, we focus on recent advanced reports on plasmon-enhanced fluorescence (PEF). First, the mechanism of PEF and early results of enhanced fluorescence observed by metal nanostructure will be introduced. Then, the enhanced substrates, including periodical and nonperiodical nanostructure, will be discussed and the most important factor of the spacer between molecule and surface and wavelength dependence on PEF is demonstrated. Finally, the recent progress of tipenhanced fluorescence and PEF from the rare-earth doped up-conversion (UC) and down-conversion (DC) nanoparticles (NPs) are also commented upon. This review provides an introduction to fundamentals of PEF, illustrates the current progress in the design of metallic nanostructures for efficient fluorescence signal amplification that utilises propagating and localised surface plasmons.

Keywords: Enhanced fluorescence; metallic nanostructure; Surface plasmon plartion


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About the article

Received: 2015-09-20

Accepted: 2015-11-13

Published Online: 2015-12-30

Citation Information: Nanophotonics, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 472–490, ISSN (Online) 2192-8614, ISSN (Print) 2192-8606, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2015-0028.

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© 2015 J. Dong et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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