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Nanophotonics

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Volume 5, Issue 2

Issues

Quantum Cascade Laser Frequency Combs

Jérôme Faist / Gustavo Villares / Giacomo Scalari / Markus Rösch / Christopher Bonzon / Andreas Hugi / Mattias Beck
Published Online: 2016-06-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2016-0015

Abstract

It was recently demonstrated that broadband quantum cascade lasers can operate as frequency combs. As such, they operate under direct electrical pumping at both mid-infrared and THz frequencies, making them very attractive for dual-comb spectroscopy. Performance levels are continuously improving, with average powers over 100mW and frequency coverage of 100 cm-1 in the mid-infrared region. In the THz range, 10mW of average power and 600 GHz of frequency coverage are reported. As a result of the very short upper state lifetime of the gain medium, the mode proliferation in these sources arises from four-wave mixing rather than saturable absorption. As a result, their optical output is characterized by the tendency of small intensity modulation of the output power, and the relative phases of the modes to be similar to the ones of a frequency modulated laser. Recent results include the proof of comb operation down to a metrological level, the observation of a Schawlow-Townes broadened linewidth, as well as the first dual-comb spectroscopy measurements. The capability of the structure to integrate monothically nonlinear optical elements as well as to operate as a detector shows great promise for future chip integration of dual-comb systems.

Keywords : spectroscopy; mid-infrared; dual-comb; multiheterodyne

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About the article

Received: 2015-10-25

Accepted: 2015-12-30

Published Online: 2016-06-17

Published in Print: 2016-06-01


Citation Information: Nanophotonics, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 272–291, ISSN (Online) 2192-8614, ISSN (Print) 2192-8606, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2016-0015.

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Applied Physics Letters, 2017, Volume 111, Number 2, Page 021106
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Feihu Wang, Hanond Nong, Tobias Fobbe, Valentino Pistore, Sarah Houver, Sergej Markmann, Nathan Jukam, Maria Amanti, Carlo Sirtori, Souad Moumdji, Raffaele Colombelli, Lianhe Li, Edmund Linfield, Giles Davies, Juliette Mangeney, Jérôme Tignon, and Sukhdeep Dhillon
Laser & Photonics Reviews, 2017, Volume 11, Number 4, Page 1700013
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Zhechao Wang, Kasper Van Gasse, Valentina Moskalenko, Sylwester Latkowski, Erwin Bente, Bart Kuyken, and Gunther Roelkens
Light: Science & Applications, 2017, Volume 6, Number 5, Page e16260
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Q. Y. Lu, S. Manna, S. Slivken, D. H. Wu, and M. Razeghi
AIP Advances, 2017, Volume 7, Number 4, Page 045313
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Yves Bidaux, Ilia Sergachev, Wolf Wuester, Richard Maulini, Tobias Gresch, Alfredo Bismuto, Stéphane Blaser, Antoine Muller, and Jérôme Faist
Optics Letters, 2017, Volume 42, Number 8, Page 1604
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Ivan S. Maksymov and Andrew D. Greentree
Optics Express, 2017, Volume 25, Number 7, Page 7496
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Quanyong Lu, Donghai Wu, Steven Slivken, and Manijeh Razeghi
Scientific Reports, 2017, Volume 7, Page 43806
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Kevin C. Cossel, Eleanor M. Waxman, Ian A. Finneran, Geoffrey A. Blake, Jun Ye, and Nathan R. Newbury
Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 2017, Volume 34, Number 1, Page 104
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Guozhen Liang, Tao Liu, and Qi Jie Wang
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 2017, Volume 23, Number 4, Page 1
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Physical Review A, 2016, Volume 94, Number 6
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Applied Physics Letters, 2016, Volume 109, Number 22, Page 221107
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David Burghoff, Yang Yang, John L. Reno, and Qing Hu
Optica, 2016, Volume 3, Number 12, Page 1362

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