Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Nova Biotechnologica et Chimica

The Journal of University of SS. Cyril and Methodius

2 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.42

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.129
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.044

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1338-6905
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Study of Ni And Cd Bioleaching from Spent Ni-Cd Batteries

Oksana Velgosová
  • Corresponding author
  • Technical University in Košice, Faculty of Metallurgy, Department of Material Science, Letná 9, Košice 04200, Slovak Republic
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jana Kaduková
  • Technical University in Košice, Faculty of Metallurgy, Department of Material Science, Letná 9, Košice 04200, Slovak Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Renáta Marcinčáková
  • Technical University in Košice, Faculty of Metallurgy, Department of Material Science, Letná 9, Košice 04200, Slovak Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-01-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10296-012-0013-0

Abstract

In the present work the Ni and Cd extraction from the electrode material of spent Ni-Cd batteries by bioleaching using the bacteria Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans was examined. The possibility of the use of the bacteria for both the Ni and Cd recovery was analyzed. The anode of Ni-Cd batteries contains Ni0, Ni(OH)2, Cd0 and Cd(OH)2. The cathode is covered by nickel hydroxides and nickel oxy-hydroxides. The pH values and content of Ni and Cd in the solution were monitored throughout the experiment (the initial pH was 1.5, the experiment took 28 days). The bioleaching efficiency of Ni and Cd from anode powder reached 5.5% and 98%, respectively. During the cathode powder bioleaching Ni and Cd efficiency reached 45% and 100%, respectively. Throughout the bioleaching process mainly the dissolution of hydroxides occurred meanwhile Ni0 leaching was not observed. The AAS analysis was used to analyze the amount of Ni and Cd in the solutions. The amount of Ni and Cd present in the solid samples before and after bioleaching was examined using X-ray analysis.

Keywords : Ni-Cd batteries; bioleaching; Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans; heavy metals

  • ABDALLAH, M., EL-ETRE, A.Y.: Corrosion Inhibition of Nickel in Sulfuric Acid Using Tween Surfactants, Portug. Electrochimica Acta, 21, 2003, 315-326.Google Scholar

  • BARTOLOZZI, M., BRACCINI, G., BONVINI, S., Marconi, P.F.: Hydrometallurgical recovery process for nickel-cadmium spent batteries. J. Power Sources, 55, 1995, 247-250.Google Scholar

  • CABRERA, G., GÓMEZ, J.M., CANTERO, D.: Influence of heavy metals on growth and ferrous sulphate oxidation by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans in pure and mixed cultures, Process Biochem., 40, 2005, 2683-2687.Google Scholar

  • CHAN, L.C., GU, X.Y., WONG, J.W.C.: Comparison of bioleaching of heavy metals from sewage sludge using iron- and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. Adv. in Environ. Res. 7, 2003, 603-607.Google Scholar

  • CHEN, S.Y., LIN, J-G..: Bioleaching of heavy metals from livestock sludge by indigenous sulfur-oxidizing bacteria: effects of sludge solids concentration. Chemosphere, 54, 2004, 283-289.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • COX, A., FRAY, D.J.: Recycling of cadmium from domestic sealed NiCd battery waste by use of chlorination. Trans. Instn. Min. Metall. - C: Mineral Process. Extr. Metall. 108, 1999, 153-158.Google Scholar

  • ECCLES, H.: Treatment of metal-contaminated wastes: why select a biological process? Trends in Biotechnology, 17, 1999, 462-465.Google Scholar

  • ESPINOSA, D.C.R., BERNANDES, A.M., TENORIO, J.A.S.: An overview on the current processes for the recycling of batteries. J. Power Sources, 135, 2004, 311-319.Google Scholar

  • FREITAS, M.B.J.G., ROSALÉM, S.F.: Electrochemical recovery of cadmium from spent Ni-Cd batteries. J. Power Sources, 139, 2005, 366-370.Google Scholar

  • GOYAL, N., JAIN, S.C., BANERJEE, U.C.: Comparative studies on the microbial adsorption of heavy metals. Adv. Environ. Res., 7, 2003, 311-319.Google Scholar

  • KOVTUN, V.N., BOLOTIN, A.V.: Dynamic behavior of Ni-H2SO4 system at high anodic potentials and different electrolysis conditions, Russ. J. Electrochem., 41, 2005, 111-115.Google Scholar

  • MERUANE, G., VARGAS, T.: Bacterial oxidation of ferrous iron by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans in the pH range 2.5-7.0. Hydrometallurgy, 71, 2003, 149-158.Google Scholar

  • NOGUEIRA, C.A., MARGARIDO, F.: Leaching behaviour of electrode materials of spent nickel-cadmium batteries in sulphuric acid media. Hydrometallurgy, 72, 2004, 111-118.Google Scholar

  • NOGUEIRA, C.A., MARGARIDO, F.: Chemical and physical characterization of electrode materials of spent sealed Ni-Cd batteries. Waste Manage., 27, 2007, 1570-1579.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • OHTSUKA, T., HEUSLER, K.E.: Potential-dependent properties of the passivating film on nickel in sulphuric acid solution from multiple-angle-of-incidence reflectivity measurements, J. Electroanal. Chem., 102, 1979, 175-187.Google Scholar

  • PIETRELLI, L., BELLOMO, B., FONTANA, D., MONTEREALI, M.: Characterization and leaching of NiCd and NiMH spent batteries for the recovery of metals, Waste Managem., 25, 2005, 221-226Google Scholar

  • RUDNIK, E., NIKIEL, M.: Hydrometallurgical recovery of cadmium and nickel from spent Ni-Cd batteries. Hydrometallurgy, 89, 2007. 61-71.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • ZHAO, L., YANG, D., ZHU, N-W.: Bioleaching of spent Ni-Cd batteries by continuous flow system: Effect of hydraulic retention time and process load. J. Hazard. Mater., 160, 2008, 648-654.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • ZHU, N., ZHANG, L., LI, C., CAI, C.: Recycling of spent nickel-cadmium batteries based on bioleaching process. Waste Manage., 23, 2003, 703-708.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2013-01-15

Published in Print: 2012-12-01


Citation Information: Nova Biotechnologica et Chimica, ISSN (Online) , ISSN (Print) 1338-6905, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10296-012-0013-0.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in