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Neuroforum

Organ der Neurowissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft

Editor-in-Chief: Luhmann, Heiko

4 Issues per year

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1868-856X
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Volume 17, Issue 2 (Jun 2011)

Issues

Spinal neuroplasticity in chronic pain

Prof. Dr. H.U. Zeilhofer
  • Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Universität Zürich Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich Switzerland
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Published Online: 2017-02-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13295-011-0018-1

Abstract

Neuroplastic changes play an important role in the generation and maintenance of chronic pain syndromes. Such changes occur at all levels of the neuraxis, from the peripheral terminals of primary sensory neurons to the cerebral cortex. Changes observed in the spinal dorsal horn in particular provide a mechanistic basis for many of the characteristics of chronic pain syndromes. While facilitated synaptic transmission between nociceptive fibers and spinal projection neurons contributes to enhanced perception of noxious stim­uli (hyperalgesia), diminished function of GA­BA-ergic and glycinergic interneurons not only induces hyperalgesia, but also triggers no­ciceptive reactions on exposure to innocuous stimuli and spontaneous pain behavior in the absence of any sensory stimulation. Spinal disinhibition thus recapitulates typical symptoms of chronic pathological pain syndromes. Studies performed by various groups over the last 10 years demonstrate that such spinal disinhibition occurs naturally in response to peripheral inflammation and nerve dam­age. The present article summarizes current status of this research.

About the article

Prof. Dr. H.U. Zeilhofer

Born 1963; studied medicine at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg and Harvard Medical School. Doctorate (1991) and habilitation in pharmacology and toxicology (1997) at the Institute for Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. Since 2005, Professor of Pharmacology at the University of Zurich and the ETH Zurich.


Published Online: 2017-02-25

Published in Print: 2011-06-01


Citation Information: e-Neuroforum, ISSN (Online) 1868-856X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13295-011-0018-1.

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