Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

New Global Studies

Ed. by Chanda, Nayan / Iriye, Akira / Mazlish, Bruce / Sassen, Saskia

3 Issues per year

Online
ISSN
1940-0004
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Thinking Globally: Reassessing the Fields of Law, Politics and Economics in the US Academy

Eve Darian-Smith
Published Online: 2017-08-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ngs-2017-0012

Abstract

In the United States, students of law, politics and economics are primarily trained to think in terms of state-centric analytical frameworks. This essay argues that this training is anachronistic and does not adequately prepare students for the complex geopolitics of the 21st century. Of course, not all scholarship in these disciplines can be characterized in this way since each discipline has its own internal disputes and scholarly innovations. That being said, a mainstream state-centric approach dominates the literature and the curriculum in most law, politics and economics departments. The first part of the essay describes the rise of law schools and the establishing of political science and economics disciplines in the late 19th century. It explores the implications of these disciplines’ claim to do “scientific” research. It argues that this claim continues to bind the disciplines to a state-centric framework which in turn provides obstacles to developing new theories and methods.

Keywords: state-centric; social sciences; methodological nationalism; United States; education; global studies

Thanks to Philip McCarty for his insightful comments on an earlier draft and my colleague Mark Juergensmeyer whose edited volume Thinking Globally: A Global Studies Reader (2014) inspired the title of this essay.

References

  • Amelina, A., D.D. Negriz, T. Faist, and N. Glick Schiller (eds.) 2012. Beyond Methodological Nationalism: Research Methodologies for Cross-Border Studies. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Anderson, B. 2006, originally published 1983. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.Google Scholar

  • Barrow, C.W. 1990. Universities and the Capitalist State: Corporate Liberalism and the Reconstruction of American Higher Education, 1894–1928. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar

  • Beck, U. 2005. Power in a Global Age: A New Global Political Economy. New York: Polity Press.Google Scholar

  • Bonham, G.W. 1980. “An Overview.” In The Role of the Scholarly Disciplines, edited by R. D. Lambert, 3–4. New Rochelle, NY: Change Magazine Press.Google Scholar

  • Brenner, N. 2004. New State Spaces: Urban Governance and the Rescaling of Statehood. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Briggs, L. 2002. Reproducing Empire: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Imperialism in Puerto Rico. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar

  • Burns, R. 1981. “Introduction.” In The World in the Curriculum: Curricular Strategies for the 21st Century, edited by H. Tonkin and J. Edwards, 4–8. New Rochelle, NY: Change Magazine Press.Google Scholar

  • Buroway, M. 2014. “Preface.” In Global Knowledge Production in the Social Sciences: Made in Circulation, xiii–xvii. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar

  • Chaterjee, P. 1986. Nationalist Thought and the Colonial Imagination. A Derivative Discourse? London: Zed Books.Google Scholar

  • Cohen, B. 2014. Advanced Introduction to International Political Economy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishers.Google Scholar

  • Cohen, B. 2015. “A Concluding Note.” Contexto Internacional 37 (3):1069–80. Rio de Janeiro Sept./Dec. 2015.Google Scholar

  • Darian-Smith, E. 2010. Religion, Race, Rights: Landmarks in the History of Modern Anglo-American Law. Oxford: Hart.Google Scholar

  • Darian-Smith, E. 2013. Laws and Societies in Global Contexts: Contemporary Approaches. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Darian-Smith, E. 2015. “The Constitution of Identity: New Modalities of Nationality, Citizenship, Belonging and Being.” In The Handbook of Law and Society, edited by A. Sarat and P. Ewick, 351–66. Malden, MA and Oxford: Wiley Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • Darian-Smith, E. 2016a. “The Crisis in Legal Education: Embracing Ethnographic Approaches to Law.” Transnational Legal Theory 7 (2):199–227.Google Scholar

  • Darian-Smith, E. 2016b. “Mismeasuring Humanity: Examining Indicators through a Critical Global Studies Perspective.” New Global Studies 10 (1):73–99.Google Scholar

  • Darian-Smith, E., and P.C. McCarty. 2017. Writing Global Research: Interdisciplinary Theories, Designs, and Method. Oakland, CA: California University Press. (in press).Google Scholar

  • Deflem, M. 2008. Sociology of Law: Visions of a Scholarly Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Duve, T. 2013. ‘European Legal History – Global Perspectives.’ Working paper for the Colloquium ‘European Normativity – Global Historical Perspectives’ (Max-Planck-Institute, September 2nd – 4th, 2013).Google Scholar

  • Falk, R. 2002. “Revisiting Westphalia, Discovering Post-Westphalia.” The Journal of Ethics 6 (4):311–52.Google Scholar

  • Flyvberg, B. 2001. Making Social Science Matter: Why Social Inquiry Fails and How It Can Succeed Again. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Geiger, R.L. 2014. The History of American Higher Education: Learning and Culture from the Founding to World War II. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

  • Goodchild, L.F. et al. eds 2014. Higher Education in the American West: Regional History and State Contexts. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

  • Gunn, G. 2013. ‘Introduction: Mapping and Remapping the Global’ in Giles Gunn Ideas to Die For: The Cosmopolitan Challenge. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Hall, K.L., and P. Karsten. 2009. The Magic Mirror: Law in American History, 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Hartwiger, A. 2015. “Shifting Proximities: A Case for Global Reading in US Higher Education.” New Global Studies 9 (3):295–312.Google Scholar

  • Heilbron, J., L. Magnusson, and B. Wittrock (eds.) 1998. The Rise of the Social Sciences and the Formation of Modernity: Conceptual Change in Context, 1750–1850, 1–33. Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook. New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Held, D. 2002. “Culture and Political Community: National, Global, and Cosmopolitan.” In Conceiving Cosmopolitanism: Theory, Context, and Practice, edited by S. Vertovec and R. Cohen, 48–58. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Hodgson, G.M. 2001. How Economics Forgot History. the Problem of Historical Specificity in Social Science. London – New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Jarausch, K.H. (ed.) 1983. The Transformation of Higher Learning 1860–1930: Expansion, Diversification, Social Opening, and Professionalization in England, Germany, Russia, and the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

  • Jasanoff, S. 1987. “‘Biology and the Bill of Rights: Can Science Reframe the Constitution.” American Journal of Law and Medicine 13:249–89.Google Scholar

  • Jasanoff, S. 2004. States of Knowledge: The Co-Production of Science and Social Order. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Jaschik, S. (2016) “What You Teach Is What You Earn”. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2016/03/28/study-finds-continued-large-gaps-faculty-salaries-based-discipline accessed 27 April 2017.

  • Jasper, W.F. (2016, 22 July) Trump: “Americanism, Not Globalism, Will Be Our Credo.” https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/politics/item/23690-trump-americanism-not-globalism-will-be-our-credo accessed 1 May 2017.

  • Juergensmeyer, M. 2011. “What Is Global Studies?” Global-E: A Global Studies Journal v5.Google Scholar

  • Juergensmeyer, M. 2014. Thinking Globally: A Global Studies Reader. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar

  • Khagram, S., and P. Levitt 2008. The Transnational Studies Reader: Intersections and Innovations. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • McCarty, P. (2014) ‘Communicating Global Perspectives.’ Basel Papers in European Global Studies. Published by the Institute for European Global Studies, University of Basel, Switzerland.Google Scholar

  • Merry, S.E. 2016. The Seduction of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, and Sex Trafficking. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

  • Moyn, S. 2010. The Last Utopia: Human Rightsin History. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.Google Scholar

  • Nederveen Pieterse, J. 2013. “What Is Global Studies?” Globalizations 10 (4):499–514.Google Scholar

  • Newfield, C. 2004. Ivy and Industry: Business and the Making of the American University, 1880–1980. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar

  • Ostrom, E. et al. 1999. “Revisiting the Commons: Local Lessons, Global Challenges.” Science 284:278–82.Google Scholar

  • Prakash, G. 1999. Another Reason: Science and the Imagination in Modern India. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

  • Pries, L. (ed.) 2008. “Transnational Society Spaces: Which Units of Analysis, Reference and Measurement?” In Rethinking Transnationalism: The Meso-Link of Organizations. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Rehbein, B. 2014. “Epistemology in a Multicentric World.” In Global Knowledge Production in the Social Sciences: Made in Circulation, edited by W. Keim, E. Çelik, C. Ersche and V. Wöhrer, 217–22. Franham, Surrey: Ashgate.Google Scholar

  • Richardson, S. 2016. Cosmopolitanism Learning for a Global Era: Higher Education in an Interconnected World. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Said, E. 1983. “Opponents, Audiences, Constituencies and Community.” In The Politics of Interpretation, edited by W.J.T. Mitchell. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

  • Said, E. 1993. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Random House.Google Scholar

  • Samuel, G. 2009. “Interdisciplinarity and the Authority Paradigm: Should Law Be Taken Seriously by Scientists and Social Scientists?” Journal of Law and Society 36 (4):431–59.Google Scholar

  • Sánchez-Bayón, A. 2014. “Global System in a Changing Social Reality: How to Rethink and to Study It.” Beijing Law Review 5:196–209.Google Scholar

  • Santos, B.D.S. 1995. Toward a New Common Sense: Law, Science and Politics in the Paradigmatic Transition. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Sassen, S. 2008. “Neither Global nor National: Novel Assemblages of Territory, Authority and Rights.” Ethics & Global Politics 1 (1–2):61–79.Google Scholar

  • Sassen, S. 2014. Expulsions: Brutality and Complexity in the Global Economy. Cambridge, MA: The Bekknap Press of Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

  • Shionoya, Y. 2001. The German Historical School: The Historical and Ethical Approach to Economics. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Shionoya, Y. 2005. The Soul of the German Historical School. Springer.Google Scholar

  • Silbey, S. (ed.) 2008. “Introductory Essay.” In Law and Science (1): Epistemological, Evidentiary, and Relational Engagements. International Library of Essays in Law and Society. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate.Google Scholar

  • Sinha, D. (2017) “Re-Visioning Research Methodology in Global Times”. global-e. http://www.21global.ucsb.edu/global-e/april-2017/re-visioning-research-methodology-global-times accessed 27 April 2017.Google Scholar

  • Steger, M. 2014. The Global Studies Reader. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Steger, M.B., and A. Wahlrab. 2016. What Is Global Studies?: Theory and Practice. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Stiglitz, J.E., A. Sen, and J.-P. Fitoussi. 2010. Mismeasuring Our Lives: Why GDP Doesn’t Add Up: The Report. New York: The New Press.Google Scholar

  • Twining, W. 2009. General Jurisprudence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Vlahakis, G.N. et al. 2006. Imperialism and Science: Social Impact and Interaction. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC- CLIO.Google Scholar

  • Weiss, T.G., and R. Wilkinson. 2014. “Global Governance to the Rescue: Saving International Relations?” Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations 20 (1): 19–36 January-March.Google Scholar

  • Wimmer, A., and N.G. Schiller. 2003. “Methodological Nationalism and Beyond: Nation–State Building, Migration and the Social Sciences.” Global Networks 2 (4):301–34.Google Scholar

  • Zürn, M. 2013. “Globalization and Global Governance.” In Handbook of International Relations, 2nd, edited by W. Carlsnaes, T. Risse and B.A. Simmons, 401–25. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-08-15


Citation Information: New Global Studies, ISSN (Online) 1940-0004, ISSN (Print) 2194-6566, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ngs-2017-0012.

Export Citation

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in