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Nordic Journal of Migration Research

The Journal of Nordic Migration Research

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Volume 4, Issue 3


Routes To Roots: Second-Generation Turks From Germany ‘Return’ To Turkey

Russell King / Nilay Kılınc
Published Online: 2014-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/njmr-2014-0018


Based on 26 in-depth interviews with German-born second-generation adults of Turkish parentage who have relocated to the Istanbul region, this paper consists of three parts corresponding to three questions regarding: (i) their memories of growing up in Germany, (ii) the circumstances and motivations surrounding their ‘return’ and (iii) their experiences of life in Turkey since return. We draw on the conceptual notion of ‘third space’ to propose that the secondgeneration returnees occupy a fourth socio-cultural space that is distinct from German society, Turkish society and the Turkish immigrant community in Germany.

Keywords: Turkish migration; Germany; second generation; return migration; ‘fourth space’


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About the article

Received: 2013-11-10

Accepted: 2014-06-27

Published Online: 2014-09-25

Published in Print: 2014-09-01

Citation Information: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 126–133, ISSN (Online) 1799-649X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/njmr-2014-0018.

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© by Russell King. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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