Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Nordic Journal of Migration Research

The Journal of Nordic Migration Research

4 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1799-649X
See all formats and pricing

Person, Time and Conduct in Alna

Thomas Hylland Eriksen
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Oslo, Norway
  • Email:
Published Online: 2015-03-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/njmr-2015-0006

Abstract

The comparative study of personhood has a long and distinguished peerage in anthropology, but it has rarely been applied to research on contemporary migration and diversity in Europe. Drawing on the contrast established by Louis Dumont between hierarchical holism and egalitarian individualism, as well as the subsequent debate, this essay argues that a significant shift takes place in the second generation, from a traditional, sociocentric concept of personhood to a reflexive, individualist one. Using empirical material from Alna in eastern Oslo, the aim is to show that the cultural diversity witnessed in the second generation is founded on individualism and thus compatible with reflexive modernity, even if it is often associated with sociocentrism. The distinction between cultural content and social organisation is essential for the argument.

Keywords: Norway; diversity; personhood; second generation

References

  • Aarset, MF 2014, Hearts and roofs. Family, belonging, and (un) settledness among descendants of immigrants in Norway, Ph D dissertation, Department of Social Anthropology, University of Oslo, Oslo.

  • Andersen, B 2013, Westbound and eastbound: making sameness and the making of separations in Oslo, Ph D dissertation, Department of Social Anthropology, University of Oslo, Oslo.

  • Andersen, B & Biseth, H 2013, ‘The myth of failed integration: the case of eastern Oslo’, City and Society, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 5-24, DOI:10.1111/ciso.12004. [Crossref]

  • Appadurai, A 1988, ‘Putting hierarchy in its place’, Cultural Anthropology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 36-49, DOI:10.1525/ can.1988.3.1.02a00040. [Crossref]

  • Barth, F 1981, Features of person and society in swat, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.

  • Barth, F (ed.) 1963, The role of the entrepreneur in northern Norway, Universitetsforlaget, Bergen.

  • Barth, F 1969, Ethnic groups and boundaries. The social organization of culture difference, Universitetsforlaget, Oslo.

  • Blom, S 2010, Holdninger til innvandrere og innvandring 2010 (‘Attitudes to immigrants and immigration in 2010’), Report 56/2010, Statistics Norway, Oslo.

  • Borges, JL 1944, Ficciones, Editorial Sur, Buenos Aires.

  • Bourdieu, P 1977, Outline of a theory of practice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  • Brubaker, R 2004, Ethnicity without groups, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

  • Carrithers, M 1985, An alternative social history of the self. In The category of the person: Anthropology, Philosophy, History, eds.

  • M Carrithers, S Collins and S Lukes, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 234-256.

  • Cohen, AP 1994, Self consciousness, Routledge, London.

  • Douglas, M 1966, Purity and danger: an analysis of concepts of pollution and taboo, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.

  • Døving, CA 2005, Norsk-pakistanske begravelsesritualer - en migrasjonsstudie. (‘Norwegian-Pakistani burial rituals - a migration study‘), Ph D dissertation, Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo.

  • Døving, R & Kielland, MG 2013, ‘Cake is halal, fat is sinful: cake and representation in Norway’, Ethnologia Europea, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 78-92.

  • Dumont, L 1971, Homo Hierarchicus: Essai sur le système des castes, Gallimard, Paris.

  • Dumont, L 1977, Homo Æqualis I: Genèse et épanouissement de l‘idéologie économique, Gallimard, Paris.

  • Eriksen, TH 2006, ‘Diversity versus difference: neo-liberalism in the minority debate’, in The making and unmaking of difference, eds. R Rottenburg, B Schnepel and S Shimada, Transaction, Bielefeld, pp. 13-36.

  • Eriksen, TH 2010, Samfunn (‘Society‘), Universitetsforlaget, Oslo.

  • Erstad, I 2015 Here, now and into the future: Child rearing among Norwegian-Pakistani mothers in Oslo, Norway. Ph D dissertation, Department of Social Anthropology, University of Oslo.

  • Fortes, M 1973, ‘The concept of the person’, in Religion, morality and the person: essays on Tallensi religion, ed. M Fortes, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 247-286.

  • Friedman, J 1994, Global culture and local process, Sage, London.

  • Furnivall, JS 1947, Colonial policy and practice: a comparative study of Burma and Netherlands India, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  • Giddens, A 1991, Modernity and self-identity, Polity, Cambridge.

  • Geertz, C 1973, ‘Person, time and conduct in Bali’, in The interpretation of culture, ed. C Geertz, Basic Books, New York, pp. 360-411.

  • Goodman, M 1993, ‘African substratum: some cautionary words‘.

  • in Africanisms in Afro-American language varieties, ed. SS Mufwene, Georgia University Press, Athens, Georgia, pp. 64- 73.

  • Gullestad, M 2006, Plausible prejudice: everyday experiences and social images of nation, culture and race, Universitetsforlaget, Oslo.

  • Handelman, D 1977, ‘The organization of ethnicity’, Ethnic Groups, vol. 1, pp. 187-200.

  • Hannerz, U 1996, Transnational connections, Routledge, London.

  • Henriksen, K 2010, Familieinnvandring og ekteskapsmønster 1990- 2008 (‘Family immigration and marriage patterns 1990-2008‘), Statistics Norway, Oslo.

  • Hundeide, K 2003, Ǟtte temaer for godt samspill (‘Eight themes for fruitful interplay‘), Vett & Viten, Oslo.

  • Jacobsen, C & Andersson, M 2012, ‘Gaza in Oslo: social imaginaries in the political engagement’, Ethnicities, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 821- 843.

  • Josephides, L 1991, ‘Metaphors, metathemes, and the construction of sociality: a critique of the new Melanesian ethnography’, Man, vol. 26, pp. 145-161.

  • Latour, B 1993, We have never been modern, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

  • LiPuma, E 1998, ‘Modernity and forms of personhood in Melanesia’, in Bodies and persons: comparative perspectives from Africa and Melanesia, eds. M Lambek and A Strathern, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 53-79.

  • Marriott, M 1976, ‘Hindu transactions: diversity without dualism’, in Transaction and meaning, ed. B Kapferer, Institute for the Study of Human Issues, Philadelphia, pp. 109-142.

  • Mauss, M 1985 [1938], ‘A category of the human mind: the notion of person; the notion of self‘ translated by WD Halls, in The category of the person: Anthropology, Philosophy, History, eds.

  • M Carrithers, S Collins and S Lukes, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 1-25.

  • Mintz, SW 1974, Caribbean transformations, Aldine, Chicago.

  • Mintz, SW 2008, ‘Creolization and hispanic exceptionalism’, Review, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 251-265.

  • Mintz, SW 2010, Three ancient colonies: themes and variations, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

  • Palmié, S 2013, ‘Mixed blessings and sorrowful mysteries: second thoughts about ‘Hybridity’, Current Anthropology, vol. 54, pp. 1-20.

  • Robbins, J & Siikala, J 2014, ‘Hierarchy and hybridity: toward a Dumontian approach to contemporary cultural change’, Anthropological Theory, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 122-132.

  • Rugkåsa, M 2012, Likhetens dilemma: Om sivilisering og integrasjon i den velferdsambisiøse norske stat. (‘The predicament of equality: On civilisation and integration in the welfare ambitious Norwegian state‘), Gyldendal, Oslo.

  • Rushdie, S 1991, Imaginary homelands, Granta, London.

  • Smith, MG 1965, The plural society of the British West Indies, Sangster‘s, London.

  • SSB (Statistics Norway), 2013, Available from: http://www.ssb.no/ befolkning/statistikker/innvbef.

  • Stambøl, LS 2013, Flytting til og fra Oslos bydeler (‘Mobility to and from Oslo‘s boroughs‘), Statistics Norway, Oslo.

  • Stewart, C (ed.) 2007, Creolization: history, ethnography, theory, Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California.

  • Strandhagen, IJ 2008, Unge sjiamuslimer i Oslo. (‘Young Shi‘ite Muslims in Oslo‘), MA dissertation, Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo.

  • Strathern, M 1988, Gender of the gift: problems with women and problems with society in Melanesia, University of California Press, Berkeley.

  • Taylor, C 1989, Sources of the self: the making of the modern identity, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

About the article

Received: 2014-09-10

Accepted: 2014-10-21

Published Online: 2015-03-01


Citation Information: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN (Online) 1799-649X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/njmr-2015-0006. Export Citation

© 2015 Thomas Hylland Eriksen. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in