Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Noise Mapping

Ed. by Asdrubali, Francesco

1 Issue per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Soundscape approach integrating noise mapping techniques: a case study in Brighton, UK

Francesco Aletta / Jian Kang
Published Online: 2015-10-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/noise-2015-0001


In the guidelines about the management of areas of good environmental noise quality recently published by the European Environment Agency (EEA) it is suggested to combine different methodologies, like noise mapping, sound level measurements and the soundscape approach. Such a recommendation has started to be recognised by a number of local authorities in Europe that are gradually integrating a holistic concept into their environmental noise policies. This research aimed to explore and demonstrate the possibility to integrate conventional noise mapping methods and soundscape methods in an actual urban redevelopment project. A case study was made using the Valley Gardens project in Brighton & Hove (UK). Different scenarios of sound-pressure level distributionswere simulated for both traffic sound sources (i.e. noise maps) and natural sound sources (i.e. sound maps). Additionally, individual responses about the sound environment of the place collected during an on-site question survey were used to implement soundscape maps.

The overall picture revealed that the road traffic noise should be reduced, but also it is feasible that preferred sounds likewater features or birdsong could be introduced to make the sound environment more appropriate for the place. Generally, within the framework of this research, noise maps, sound maps and soundscape maps were used together to "triangulate" different layers of information related to the acoustic environment and the way it is perceived, providing a possible working procedure to consider for planners and policy-makers in the future.

Keywords: Urban sound planning; Noise Mapping; Urban soundscape; Landscape management


  • Google Scholar

  • [1] European Parliament and Council, Directive 2002/49/EC relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise, Publications Oflce of the European Union, Brussels, Belgium, 2002. Google Scholar

  • [2] M. Arana, R. San Martin, J. C. Salinas, People exposed to traflc noise in european agglomerations from noise maps. A critical review, Noise Mapping, 1 (2014), 40–49. Google Scholar

  • [3] C. Asensio, M. Recuero, M. Ruiz, Editorial of the Noise Mapping Special Issue, Applied Acoustics, 72 (2011), 477–478. Google Scholar

  • [4] F. Asdrubali, New frontiers in environmental noise research, Noise Mapping, 1 (2014), 1–2. Google Scholar

  • [5] European Environment Agency, Good practice guide on quiet areas, Publications Oflce of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2014. Google Scholar

  • [6] European Environment Agency, Noise in Europe 2014, Publications Oflce of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2014. Google Scholar

  • [7] I. García, I. Aspuru, K. Herranz, M. T. Bustamante, Application of the methodology to assess quiet urban areas in Bilbao: case pilot of QUADMAP, Proceedings of the Internoise Conference (2013, Innsbruck, Austria). Google Scholar

  • [8] I. García, I. Aspuru, A. Santander, L. Gutierrez, Acoustic criteria to optimize the design of urban uses in a public square, Proceedings of the Forum Acusticum Conference (2014, Krakow, Poland). Google Scholar

  • [9] H.Wolfert, QUADMAP, three pilots and a methodology, Proceedings of the Internoise Conference (2014, Melbourne, Australia). Google Scholar

  • [10] International Organization for Standardization, International Organization for Standardization, (2014), ISO 12913-1:2014 Acoustics — Soundscape — Part 1: Definition and conceptual framework, ISO, Geneve, Switzerland, 2014. Google Scholar

  • [11] B. Schulte-Fortkamp, A. Fiebig, Soundscape analysis in a residental area: an evaluation of noise and people’s mind. Acta Acustica United with Acustica, 92 (2006), 875–880. Google Scholar

  • [12] G. Brambilla, L.Maffei, Responses to noise in urban parks and in rural quiet areas, Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 92 (2006), 881–886. Google Scholar

  • [13] G. Brambilla, V. Gallo, F. Asdrubali, F. D’Alessandro, The perceived quality of soundscape in three urban parks in Rome. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134 (2013) 832–839. Google Scholar

  • [14] T. C. Andringa, M. Weber, S. R. Payne, J. D. Krijnders, M. N. Dixon, R. v.d. Linden, et al., Positioning soundscape research and management, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134 (2013), 2739–2747. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [15] W. Yang, J. Kang, Acoustic comfort evaluation in urban open public spaces, Applied Acoustics, 66 (2005), 211–229. Google Scholar

  • [16] J. Kang, Urban Sound Environment, Taylor & Francis incorporating Spon, London, UK, 2007. Google Scholar

  • [17] S. Alves, B. Altreuther, J. Scheuren, Holistic concept for urban sound planning applied to real sites, Proceedings of the Forum Acusticum Conference (2014, Krakow, Poland). Google Scholar

  • [18] L.Maffei, M. DiGabriele, M.Masullo, F. Aletta,Onthe perception of Limited Traflc Zones as urban noise mitigation action, Noise Mapping, 1 (2014), 50–58. Google Scholar

  • [19] City of London, Noise strategy and policy, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2014, from City of London: http://www.cityoflondon. gov.uk/business/environmental-health/environmentalprotection/ Pages/Noise-strategy-and-policy.aspx Google Scholar

  • [20] L. Lavia, M. Eastel, D. Close, H. J.Witchel, Ö. Axelsson, Sounding Brighton: practical approaches towards better Soundscapes, Proceedings of the Internoise Conference (2012, New York, USA). Google Scholar

  • [21] M. Eastel, S. Bannister, J. Kang, F. Aletta, L. Lavia, H. J, Witchel, Urban Sound Planning in Brighton and Hove, Proceedings of the Forum Acusticum Conference (2014, Krakow, Poland). Google Scholar

  • [22] M. Raimbault, D. Dubois, Urban soundscapes: Experiences and knowledge, Cities, 22 (2005), 339–350. Google Scholar

  • [23] A. Can, B.Gauvreau, Describing and classifying urban sound environments with a relevant set of physical indicators, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 137 (2015), 208–218. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [24] J. Liu, J. Kang, H. Behm, Birdsong As an Element of the Urban Sound Environment: A Case Study Concerning the Area of Warnemünde in Germany, Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 100 (2014), 458–466. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [25] Y. Hao, J. Kang, J.D. Krijnders, Integrated effects of urban morphology on birdsong loudness and visibility of green areas, Landscape and Urban Planning, 137 (2015), 149–162. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [26] J. Liu, J. Kang, T. Luo, H. Behm, T. Coppack, Spatiotemporal variability of soundscapes in amultiple functional urban area, Landscape and Urban Planning, 115 (2013), 1–9. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [27] J. Liu, J. Kang, H. Behm, T. Luo, Landscape spatial pattern indices and soundscape perception in a multi-functional urban area, Germany, Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management, 22 (2014), 208–218. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [28] J.Y. Hong, J.Y. Jeon, Soundscape mapping in urban contexts using GIS techniques, Proceedings of the Internoise Conference (2014, Melbourne, Australia). Google Scholar

  • [29] Brighton & Hove City Council, A vision for Valley Gardens, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014, from Brighton & Hove City Council: http://www.brighton-hove.gov.uk/content/parkingand- travel/travel-transport-and-road-safety/a-vision-valleygardens# subtitle1 Google Scholar

  • [30] Department for Transport (DfT) UK, Calculation of road traflc noise (CRTN), London, 1988. Google Scholar

  • [31] D. Oldoni, B. De Coensel, M. Boes, M. Rademaker, B. De Baets, T. Van Renterghem, D. Botteldooren, A computational model of auditory attention for use in soundscape research, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134 (2013), 852–861. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [32] J. Kang, On the diversity of urban waterscape, Proceedings of the Acoustics Conference (2012, Nantes, France). Google Scholar

  • [33] DataKustik GmbH, Cadna/A for windows – user manual, Greifenberg, 2006. Google Scholar

  • [34] C. Semidor, Listening to a city with the soundwalk method, Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 92 (2006), 959–964. Google Scholar

  • [35] J. Y. Jeon, J. Y. Hong, P. J. Lee, Soundwalk approach to identify urban soundscapes individually, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134 (2013), 803–812. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [36] F. Aletta, E. Margaritis, K. Filipan, V. Puyana Romero, Ö. Axelsson, J. Kang, Characterization of the soundscape in Valley Gardens, Brighton, by a soundwalk prior to an urban design intervention, Proceedings of the Euronoise Conference (2015,Maastricht, The Netherlands). Google Scholar

  • [37] A. Can L. Deconinck, D. Botteldooren, Measurement network for urban noise assessment: Comparison of mobile measurements and spatial interpolation approaches, Applied Acoustics, 83 (2014), 32–39. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [38] P. Delaitre, C. Lavandier, D. Masson, Characterization of quiet areas with a new indicator of contrast, Proceedings of the AIA DAGA Euroregio Conference (2013, Merano, Italy). Google Scholar

  • [39] B. De Coensel, T. De Muer, I. Yperman, D. Botteldooren, The influence of traflc flow dynamics on urban soundscapes, Applied Acoustics, 66 (2005), 175–194. Google Scholar

  • [40] H. de Kluijver, J. Stoter, Noise mapping and GIS: optimising quality and eflciency of noise effect studies, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 27 (2003), 85–102. Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-05-15

Accepted: 2015-07-03

Published Online: 2015-10-16

Citation Information: Noise Mapping, Volume 2, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2084-879X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/noise-2015-0001.

Export Citation

©2015 F. Aletta and J. Kang. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Frontiers of Engineering Management, 2017, Volume 4, Number 2, Page 184
Francesco Aletta and Jian Kang
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2018, Volume 15, Number 8, Page 1712
Francesco Aletta, Timothy Van Renterghem, and Dick Botteldooren
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2018, Volume 15, Number 6, Page 1118
Pierre Aumond, Arnaud Can, Vivien Mallet, Bert De Coensel, Carlos Ribeiro, Dick Botteldooren, and Catherine Lavandier
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2018, Volume 143, Number 5, Page 2847
Jaume Segura-Garcia, Juan Navarro-Ruiz, Juan Perez-Solano, Jose Montoya-Belmonte, Santiago Felici-Castell, Maximo Cobos, and Ana Torres-Aranda
Sensors, 2018, Volume 18, Number 3, Page 690
Francesco Aletta, Dick Botteldooren, Pieter Thomas, Tara Vander Mynsbrugge, Patricia De Vriendt, Dominique Van de Velde, and Paul Devos
Applied Sciences, 2017, Volume 7, Number 9, Page 874
Rosa Alsina-Pagès, Unai Hernandez-Jayo, Francesc Alías, and Ignacio Angulo
Sensors, 2016, Volume 17, Number 1, Page 57
Francesco Aletta, Giovanni Brambilla, Luigi Maffei, and Massimiliano Masullo
Urban Science, 2016, Volume 1, Number 1, Page 4
Jinbo Zuo, Hao Xia, Shuo Liu, and Yanyou Qiao
Sensors, 2016, Volume 16, Number 10, Page 1692
You Ren Chew and Bing Sheng Wu
Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 2016, Volume 59, Page 78
Francesco Aletta, Jian Kang, Arianna Astolfi, and Samuele Fuda
Sustainable Cities and Society, 2016, Volume 27, Page 367

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in