Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Noise Mapping

Ed. by Asdrubali, Francesco

1 Issue per year

Emerging Science

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

When soundscape meets architecture

Brigitte Schulte-Fortkamp
  • Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Engineering Acoustics Technische Universität Berlin, 10587 Berlin, German
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Pamela Jordan
  • Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow, Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Engineering Acoustics Technische Universität Berlin, 10587 Berlin, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-08-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/noise-2016-0015


The harmonization of noise indicators, noise mapping, and action plans delivers basic administrative information not only for noise abatement in highly noisepolluted areas, but also for comparisons across built environments regionally and internationally. However, such activities do not provide any tools or essential knowledge for the more demanding tasks required in designing and planning sustainable built environments that are supportive to wellbeing and health. Without knowing the determining factors behind dose-response curves [1, 2], the decision process for developing action plans is unnecessarily restricted. Optional courses of action for handling a noise problem cannot be sufficiently considered without understanding the full context—physical, cultural, emotional— of noise’s effect on people. Therefore, an approach for considering these many angles must involve diverse fields of practice and interdisciplinary approaches. One such methodology is the multidimensional Soundscape Approach, which emphasizes how the acoustic environment is perceived, experienced, and/or understood by a person or people in context. Relying on principles of the Soundscape Approach, two urban green spaces will be examined regarding noise abatement strategies in relation to visitors’ experiential expectations. It will be shown how and why soundscape is an invaluable tool in detecting and analyzing needs for an adequate acoustic environment, accounting for people’s concerns and integrating their local expertise to guide the process of planning, designing and maintaining sites.

Keywords: soundscape; architecture; local experts; built environment; historic environment


  • [1] ISO 12913-1:2014 – Acoustics – Soundscape – Part 1: Definition and conceptual framework, 2014--08--27, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland. http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_ detail.htm?csnumber=52161 [Accessed 29 Apr. 2016] Google Scholar

  • [2] S. Fidell. The Schultz curve 25 years later: A research perspective. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 114(6) (2003), 3007–3015 Google Scholar

  • [3] R. M. Schafer, The Tuning of the World, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1977 Google Scholar

  • [4] B. Truax. The World Soundscape Project’s Handbook for Acoustic Ecology, A.R.C. Publications, Vancouver, 1978 Google Scholar

  • [5] J. Kang, K. Chourmouziadou, K. Sakantamis, B.Wang and Y. Hao, (Eds.), Soundscape of European cities and landscapes Google Scholar

  • [online], COST oflce through Soundscape-COST, Oxford, 120–127. Available at: http://soundscape-cost.org/documents/COST_TD080 4_E-book_2013.pdf Google Scholar

  • [Accessed 29 Apr. 2016] Google Scholar

  • [6] ISO/NP 12913-2 – Acoustics – Soundscape – Part 2: Data collection, 2013-09-13, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland. http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store /catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=63716 Google Scholar

  • [Accessed 29 Apr. 2016] Google Scholar

  • [7] B. Schulte-Fortkamp, B. M. Brooks, andW. R. Bray, Soundscape: An Approach to Rely on Human Perception and Expertise in the Post-Modern Community Noise Era, Acoustics Today, 3(1) (2007), 7 Google Scholar

  • [8] B. M. Brooks, B. Schulte-Fortkamp, K. Voigt, and A. Case, Exploring our Sonic Environment through soundscape research and theory, Acoustics Today, 10(1) (2014), 30–40 Google Scholar

  • [9] K. Hiramatsu, et al. The concepts of soundscape. Is there shallow and deep soundscape? Proceedings of InterNoise (2009 Ottawa, Canada), The Noise Control Foundation, Ashland, 2009, 4084–4090 Google Scholar

  • [10] P. Lercher, and B. Schulte-Fortkamp, Soundscape of European cities and landscapes – harmonising. In: J. Kang, K. Chourmouziadou, K. Sakantamis, B. Wang and Y. Hao (eds.), Soundscape of European Cities and Landscapes, Google Scholar

  • [online] Oxford: COST oflce through Soundscape-COST, pp.120–127. Available at: http://soundscape-cost.org/documents/COST_TD0804_Ebook_ 2013.pdf Google Scholar

  • [Accessed 29 Apr. 2016], 2013 Google Scholar

  • [11] P. Lercher and B. Schulte-Fortkamp. The relevance of Soundscape research to the assessment of noise annoyance at the community noise level, Proceedings of the International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem (ICBEN 2003 Rotterdam, The Netherlands) and Zeitschrift Lärmbekämpfung 06– 2003, Springer Verlag Google Scholar

  • [12] A. Fiebig. 2010. "Soundscape classification using acoustical pattern analysis". Presentation, 2nd Pan-American/Iberian Meeting on Acoustics, Cancun, Mexico. Google Scholar

  • [13] K. Genuit and A. Fiebig, Human hearing-related measurement and analysis of acoustic environments. In: J. Kang and B. Schulte-Fortkamp (Eds.), Soundscape and the Built Environment, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2015, 133–160 Google Scholar

  • [14] A. Fiebig. The link between soundscape perception and attention processes, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 131(4) (2012), 3437–3437 Google Scholar

  • [15] A. Fiebig, V. Acloque, S. Basturk, M. Di Gabriele, M. Horvat, M. Masullo, et al. Education in soundscape – A seminar with young scientists in the COST Short Term Scientific Mission “Soundscape – Measurement, Analysis, Evaluation”. Proceedings of 20th International Congress on Acoustics (ICA 2010, New South Wales, Australia), Australian Acoustic Society, Melbourne, 2010 Google Scholar

  • [16] H. Fastl and E. Zwicker, Psychoacoustics – Facts and Models, Springer, Berlin, 2007 Google Scholar

  • [17] B. Hollstein, Qualitative approaches to social reality: The search for meaning, in: J. Scott & P. Carrington (Eds.), Sage handbook of social network analysis, Sage, London/New Delhi, 2011 Google Scholar

  • [18] B. Schulte-Fortkamp, and D. Dubois (Guest eds,), Special Issue on Soundscapes – Recent advances in Soundscape research, Acta Acustica Vol. 92(6), (2006) Google Scholar

  • [19] B. Schulte-Fortkamp, and J. Kang (Guest eds.), Special issue Soundscape, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134(1), (2013), EL1–900 Google Scholar

  • [20] B. Schulte-Fortkamp, R. Volz, A. Jakob, “Using the Soundscape Approach to develop a public space in Berlin – Perception and Evaluation“, Acoustics ’08, Joint Meeting of the 155th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, 5th ForumAcusticum, and 9th Congres Français d’Acoustique, Paris, France, 2008 Google Scholar

  • [21] K. Henke, The Dimensions of the Berlin Wall. In: A. Klausmeier (Ed.), The Berlin Wall, Christoph Links Verlag GmbH, Berlin, 2015, 310–312 Google Scholar

  • [22] W. Davies, M. Adams, N. Bruce, R. Cain, A. Carlyle, P. Cusack, et al, Perception of soundscapes: An interdisciplinary approach, Applied Acoustics, 74(2) (2013), 224–231 CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [23] N. Bruce and W. Davies, The effects of expectation on the perception of soundscapes, Applied Acoustics 85 (2014), 1–11 Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [24] J. Kang, B. Schulte-Fortkamp, A. Fiebig, D. Botteldooren, Mapping of soundscape. In: J. Kang and B. Schulte-Fortkamp (Eds.), Soundscape and the Built Environment, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2015, 161–195 Google Scholar

  • [25] L.Maffei, G. Brambilla, and M. Di Gabrielle, Soundscape as part of the cultural heritage. 2016, 215–242 Google Scholar

  • [26] P. O’Connor, Turning a deaf ear: Acoustic value in the assessment of heritage landscapes, Landscape Research, 36(3) (2011), 269–290 CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [27] M. Kytö, N. Remy, and H. Uimonen, European Acoustic Heritage, Grenoble, CRESSON, 2012 Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-05-02

Accepted: 2016-07-25

Published Online: 2016-08-12

Citation Information: Noise Mapping, Volume 3, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2084-879X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/noise-2016-0015.

Export Citation

©2016 B. Schulte-Fortkamp and P. Jordan. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Efstathios Margaritis, Jian Kang, Karlo Filipan, and Dick Botteldooren
Applied Geography, 2018, Volume 94, Page 199

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in