Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Noise Mapping

Ed. by Asdrubali, Francesco

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2084-879X
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Citizens as smart, active sensors for a quiet and just city. The case of the “open source soundscapes” approach to identify, assess and plan “everyday quiet areas” in cities

Antonella Radicchi / Dietrich Henckel / Martin Memmel
  • German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence, Smart Data & Knowledge Services Department, Kaiserslautern, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-12-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/noise-2017-0008

Abstract

Today the so-called “smart city” is connoted by massive implementation of novel, digital technology, which is often considered as the best solution to global issues affecting contemporary cities. Sophisticated and low-cost technological solutions are developed also in the field of noise monitoring and they are expected to play an important role for acousticians, city planners and policy makers. However, the “smart city” paradigm is controversial: it relies on advanced technological solutions, yet it fails to consider the city as a social construct and it often overlooks the role of citizens, in the quest for technological advances and novel methods. This is especially true in the field of smart acoustic solutions addressing the issue of urban quiet areas: main methods and technologies developed so far barely involve citizens and consider their preferences. This contribution tackles this challenge, by illustrating a novel mixed methodology, which combines the soundscape approach, the citizen science paradigm and a novel mobile application - the Hush City app - with the ultimate goal of involving people in identifying, assessing and planning urban quiet areas. Firstly, the theoretical background and the methods applied are described; secondly initial findings are discussed; thirdly potential impact and future work are outlined.

Keywords: Smart city; END 49/2002; quiet areas; soundscape research; noise pollution; citizen science; open source; mobile applications; mapping; planning

References

  • [1] Hill D., Essay: On the Smart City; or, A ‘Manifesto’ for Smart Citizens Instead, City of Sound, 2013, www.cityofsound.com/blog/2013/02/on-the-smart-city-a-call-for-smartcitizens-instead.htmlGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Manville C., et al., Mapping Smart Cities in the EU, Bruxelles, 2014Google Scholar

  • [3] Icitylab, I City Rate 2016, La classifica delle città intelligenti italiane. Edizioni FPA, 2017, https://profilo.forumpa.it/doc/?file=2016/icitirate.pdf&_ga=2.169495841.1285899068.1511963488-634910064.1508866330 (in Italian)Google Scholar

  • [4] Mumford E., The CIAM discourse on urbanism, 1928-1960, The MIT Press, Cambridge (USA), 2002Google Scholar

  • [5] Greenfield A., Against theSmart City, Do projects, New York City, 2013Google Scholar

  • [6] Aurigi A., Willis K., Digital and Smart Cities, Taylor and Francis, Milton, 2017Google Scholar

  • [7] Montgomery C., Happy city: transforming our lives through urban design, Penguin Books, London, 2013Google Scholar

  • [8] McCay L., Centre For Urban Design And Mental Health, 2015, https://www.urbandesignmentalhealth.comGoogle Scholar

  • [9] Gehl J., The human scale, DVD, EuroVideo Medien, Ismaning, 2012, http://www.buergerschaffenwissen.de/sites/default/files/assets/dokumente/handreichunga5_engl_web.pdfGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Barton H., City of Well-Being: A Radical Guide to Planning, Routledge, Oxford, 2017Google Scholar

  • [11] Stollmann, J., et al. (Eds.), Beware of smart people! Redefining the smart city paradigm towards inclusive urbanism, Proceedings of the 2015 Beware of Smart People! Symposium, Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin, Berlin, 2016Google Scholar

  • [12] Timmeren van A., Henriquez L., Ubiquity and the Illuminated City. From Smart to Intelligent Urban Environments, TU Delft press, Delft, 2015Google Scholar

  • [13] Seiz G., Balestrini M., Making Sense: Advances and Experiments in Participatory sensing, In: Empodora.org (Ed.), Making by Hacking: citizens of change creating the future now, Fundacioń Cibervoluntarios, 2017, http://empodera.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/MAKING-BY-HACKING-CIBERVOLUNTARIOSFINAL-WEB.pdfGoogle Scholar

  • [14] World Health Organization, Burden of disease from environmental noise. Quantification of healthy life years lost in Europe, Regional Office for Europe/European Commission Joint Research Centre, Brussels, 2011Google Scholar

  • [15] European Environmental Agency, Good Practice guide on quiet areas, Technical Report n.4. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2014Google Scholar

  • [16] European Environmental Agency, Managing noise exposure in Europe, EEA Briefing 1/2017, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2017Google Scholar

  • [17] European Parliament and Council, Directive 2002/49/EC of 25 June 2002 relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise, Off. J. Eur. Communities L 189(45), 2002, 12-26Google Scholar

  • [18] Licitra G., et al., Quiet areas definition in the implementation of European directive 2002/49/EC, presented at ISSA, Auckland, New Zealand, 29-31 August 2010Google Scholar

  • [19] Licitra G. (Ed.), Special issue on Environmental aspects in EU funded projects, Noise Mapping, 2016, 3, 1Google Scholar

  • [20] Radicchi, A., Beyond the Noise: Open Source Soundscapes. A mixed methodology to analyse, evaluate and plan "everyday quiet areas”, Proc. Mtgs. Acoust. 30, 2017, doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [21] ISO/DIS 12913-1, Acoustics. Soundscape - Part 1: Definition and conceptual framework, International Standardization organization, Geneva, 2014Google Scholar

  • [22] Hintzsche M., Heinrichs E., Ruhige Gebiete - Das Vorsorgeprinzip in der EU-Umgebungslärmrichtlinie, Immissionsschutz 2017, 2, 54-58 (in German)Google Scholar

  • [23] Heinrichs E., et al., Technisch wissenschaftliche Unterstützung bei der Novellierung der EU-Umgebungslärmrichtlinie, Arbeitspaket 3: Ruhige Gebiete, Text 74/2015,Umweltbundesamt, Dessau-Roßlau, 2015 (in German)Google Scholar

  • [24] Karlsson H., The Acoustic Environment as a Public Domain, Soundscape Journal, 2000, 1, 2, 10-13Google Scholar

  • [25] Radicchi A., The notion of soundscape in the realm of sensuous urbanism. A historical perspective, In: Wilson A. (Ed.), Listen! Sound worlds from body to City, Cambridge Scholars Publ., Cambridge (in press)Google Scholar

  • [26] Kang J., at al., Soundscape of European Cities and Landscapes, Soundscape-COST, Oxford, 2013Google Scholar

  • [27] Kang J., Schulte-Fortkamp B. (Eds.), Soundscape and the Built Environment, CRC Press, New York, 2015Google Scholar

  • [28] Schulte-Fortkamp B., Soundscape - focusing on resources, Proc. Mtgs. Acoust. 19, 2013, doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29] Kang J., et al., Ten questions on the soundscapes of the built environment, Building and Environment, 2016, 108, 284-294Google Scholar

  • [30] Brooks B., Schulte-Fortkamp B., The Soundscape Standard, paper presented at Internoise, Hamburg, Germany, 21-24 August 2016Google Scholar

  • [31] Bauwens M., et al., Common Transition and P2P: A Primer, The Transnational Institute 2017, https://www.tni.org/en/publication/commons-transition-and-p2pGoogle Scholar

  • [32] Welle B., et al., Cities Safer by Design, World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C., 2015Google Scholar

  • [33] Schafer M., The Soundscape. Our Sonic Environment and The Tuning of the World, A. Knopf, New York, 1977Google Scholar

  • [34] Lin W., The hearing, the mapping, and the Web: Investigating emerging online sound mapping practices, Landscape and Urban Planning, 2015, 142, 187-197Google Scholar

  • [35] Ludovico L.,Mauro D., Sound and the city: multi-layer representation and navigation of audio scenarios, paper presented at the 6th Sound and Music Computing Conference, Porto, Portugal, 23-25 July 2009Google Scholar

  • [36] Zorzanello S., Multilevel sound maps in telematic sound cartography. Some input towards the definition of the academic statute of Soundscape Studies, paper presented at “Keep an ear on...” International FKL Symposium on Soundscape, Firenze, Italy, 20-22 May 2011Google Scholar

  • [37] Radicchi A., Signorelli V., Soundmaps, quiet areas and noise control strategies/ Mappature sonore, aree di quiete e strategie di controllo del rumore, Urbanistica, 2014, 154, 131-136 (in Italian and in English)Google Scholar

  • [38] Theunis J., et al., Sensing the Environment, In: Loreto V., et al. (Eds.), Participatory Sensing, Opinions and Collective Awareness, Cham Springer International Publishing, 2017, 21-46Google Scholar

  • [39] Berlin Senate, Berlin Environmental Atlas, Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Wohnen, 2015, http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/umwelt/umweltatlas/edua_index.shtml (in German and in English)Google Scholar

  • [40] Berlin Senate, Noise reduction plan for Berlin - Action plan, Senatsverwaltung für Gesundheit, Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz, Berlin, 2008, www.berlin.de/sen/umwelt/laerm/laermminderungsplanung/de/laermaktionsplan/index.html (in German and in English)Google Scholar

  • [41] Radicchi A., The HUSH CITY app, In: Castro R. (Ed.), Proceedings of Invisible Places, the International Conference on Sound, Urbanism and the Sense of Place, 2017 (in press)Google Scholar

  • [42] D’Hondt E., et al., Participatory noise mapping works! An evaluation of participatory sensing as an alternative to standard techniques for environmental monitoring, Pervasive Mob. Comput 2013, 9, 5, 681-694Google Scholar

  • [43] Drosatos G., et al., A privacy-preserving cloud computing system for creating participatory noise maps, Proceedings of Computer Software and Applications Conference, 2012, 581-586Google Scholar

  • [44] Huang K., et al., Are you contributing trust- worthy data? The case for a reputation system in participatory sensing, Proceedings of the 13th ACM international conference on modeling, analysis, and simulation of wireless and mobile systems, 2010, 14-22Google Scholar

  • [45] Kardous, C., Shaw, P., Evaluation of smartphone sound measurement applications, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 2014, 135, 4, 186-192Google Scholar

  • [46] Kardous, C., Shaw, P., Do Sound Meter Apps Measure Noise Levels Accurately?, http://www.sandv.com/downloads/1507kard.pdfGoogle Scholar

  • [47] Kardous, C., Shaw, P., Evaluation of smartphone sound measurement applications (apps) using external microphones - A follow-up study, J. Acoust. Soc. Am 140, EL327, 2016, doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [48] Aumond P., et al., A study of the accuracy of mobile technology for measuring urban noise pollution in large scale participatory sensing campaigns, Applied Acoustics, 2017, 117, 219-226Google Scholar

  • [49] Loreto V., et al., (Eds.), Participatory Sensing, Opinions and Collective Awareness, Cham Springer International Publishing, 2017Google Scholar

  • [50] Maissoneuve N., et al., NoiseTube: Measuring and mapping noise pollution with mobile phones, paper presented at the 4th International ICSC Symposium, Thessaloniki, Greece, 28-29 May 2009Google Scholar

  • [51] Murphy E., Kin, E., Testing the accuracy of smartphones and sound level meter applications for measuring environmental noise, Applied Acoustics, 2016, 106,16-22Google Scholar

  • [52] Stevens M., Community memories for sustainable societies: the case of environmental noise, Ph.D. thesis, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 2012, http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1368079/Google Scholar

  • [53] Aiello L. M., Schifanella R., Quercia D., Aletta F., Chatty Maps: Constructing sound maps of urban areas from social media data, Royal Society Open Science 3, 2016, doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [54] Guillaume G., et al., Noisemapping based on participative measurements, Noise Mapping, 2016, 3, 1, 140-156Google Scholar

  • [55] Rana R., Chou C. T., Bulusu N., Kanhere S., Hu W., Ear-Phone: A context-aware noise mapping using smart phones, Pervasive and Mobile Computing, 2014, doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [56] Unsworth K., Forte A., Dilworth R., Urban Informatics: The Role of Citizen Participation in Policy Making, Journal of Urban Technology, 2014, 21, 4, 1-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [57] Ruge L., Altakrouri B., Schrader S., SoundOfTheCity-Continuous Noise Monitoring for a Healthy City, paper presented at the 5th International Workshop onSmart Environments andAmbient Intelligence at IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communication, 2013Google Scholar

  • [58] Droumeva M., Mobile soundscape mapping, Canadian Acoustics, 2010, 38, 3, 106-107Google Scholar

  • [59] Droumeva M., Curating Everyday Life: Approaches to Documenting Everyday Soundscapes, M/C Journal, 2015, 18, 4, http://journal.media-culture.org.au/index.php/mcjournal/article/view/1009Google Scholar

  • [60] Kanjo E., NoiseSPY: A Real-Time Mobile Phone Platform for Urban Noise Monitoring and Mapping, Mobile Networks and Applications, 2010, 15, 4, 562-574Google Scholar

  • [61] Aspuru A., Garciá I., Herranz K., Santander A., CITI-SENSE: methods and tools for empowering citizens to observe acoustic comfort in outdoor public spaces, Noise Mapping, 2016, 3, 37-48Google Scholar

  • [62] Craig A., Moore D., Knox D., Experience Sampling: Assessing Urban Soundscapes Using In-Situ Participatory Methods, Applied Acoustics, 2016, 117, doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [63] Maisonneuve N., Stevens M., Niessen M., Steels L., NoiseTube: Measuring andmapping noise pollutionwith mobile phones, In: Athanasiadis, A., et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 4th International ICSC Symposium, Thessaloniki, Greece, 28-29May 2009, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 215-228Google Scholar

  • [64] LIFE QUADMAP project, Guidelines for the identification, selection, analysis and management of Quiet Urban Areas, March 2015, http://www.quadmap.eu/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Guidelines_QUADMAP_ver2.0.pdfGoogle Scholar

  • [65] Carfagni M., et al., LIFE+ 2010 QUADMAP Project (Quiet Areas Definition andManagementin Action Plans): The New Methodology Obtained after Applying the Optimization Procedures, Proceedings of 21st International Congress on Sound and Vibration (ICSV 21), Beijing, China, 13-17 July 2014, 2576-83Google Scholar

  • [66] Bild, E., et al., Considering Sound in Planning and Designing Public Spaces: A Review of Theory and Applications and a Proposed Framework for Integrating Research and Practice, Journal of Planning Literature, 2016, 1-16Google Scholar

  • [67] Haklay M., The Three Eras of Environmental Information: The Roles of Experts and the Public, In: Loreto V., et al. (Eds.), Participatory Sensing, Opinions and Collective Awareness, Cham Springer International Publishing, 2017, 163-180Google Scholar

  • [68] Pettibone L., et al., Citizen science for all - a guide for citizen science practitioners, Bu¨rger Schaffen Wissen (GEWISS) publication, Berlin, 2016Google Scholar

  • [69] Schulte-Fortkamp B., Dubois D., Recent advances in Soundscape research, Acta Acustica united with Acustica, Special Issue, 2006Google Scholar

  • [70] Luna S., et al., Developing mobile applications for environmental and biodiversity citizen science: considerations and recommendations, In: Joly et al. (Eds.), Multimedia Technologies for Environmental & Biodiversity Informatics, Springer International Publishing (in press)Google Scholar

  • [71] Zardini M. (Ed.), Sense of the city. An Alternative Approach to Urbanism, Canadian Center for Architecture and Lars Muller Publishers, Montreal, 2005Google Scholar

  • [72] Radicchi A., Sull’immagine sonora della città, Firenze University Press, Firenze, 2012 (in Italian)Google Scholar

  • [73] Lynch K., A Theory of A Good City Form, The MIT Press, Cambridge (MA), 1981Google Scholar

  • [74] Lynch K., Good city form, The MIT Press, Cambridge (MA), 1984Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-11-29

Accepted: 2018-02-02

Published Online: 2017-12-29


Citation Information: Noise Mapping, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 104–123, ISSN (Online) 2084-879X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/noise-2017-0008.

Export Citation

© 2018. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in