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Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal

The international research journal on sustainable utilization of forest bioresources

Editor-in-Chief: Lindström, Tom

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Volume 33, Issue 3


Lignin-containing coatings for packaging materials

Asif Javed
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Karlstad University, SE-651 88 Karlstad, Sweden
  • Email
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/ Henrik Ullsten / Peter Rättö
  • Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Karlstad University, SE-651 88 Karlstad, Sweden
  • RISE Bioeconomy/Papermaking & Packaging, Box 5604, SE-114 86, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Lars Järnström
Published Online: 2018-07-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/npprj-2018-3042


The mechanical properties and chemical stability in water of self-supporting films made from aqueous solutions of starch and lignin, and the barrier properties of paperboard coated with solutions of these polymers have been studied. The dissolution of starch from the starch-lignin films in contact with the model liquids was decreased significantly when lignin was added to the starch films. The addition of ammonium zirconium carbonate (AZC) to the formulations as a crosslinking agent substantially increased the storage modulus of the starch-lignin films, which indicated that crosslinking had occurred. The addition of AZC to the formulations also led to a decrease in dissolution of both starch and lignin from the starch-lignin films in contact with model liquids. The effect of AZC on the water stability of the films was greater when the pH of the starch-lignin-AZC solution was adjusted with ammonia rather than NaOH. The addition of NH4Cl solution as a presumed catalyst to the recipe when the pH adjustment was performed with NaOH did not improve the effect of AZC on the water stability of the films. The water vapour transmission rate of the coated paperboard decreased slightly when AZC was added to the coating formulation.

Keywords: barrier coatings; glycerol; lignin; mechanical properties; starch


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About the article

Received: 2018-01-19

Accepted: 2018-06-01

Published Online: 2018-07-17

Published in Print: 2018-09-25

Funding Source: Stiftelsen för Kunskaps- och Kompetensutveckling

Award identifier / Grant number: 20100268

Funding Source: Vinnova

Award identifier / Grant number: 2015-05023

The financial support from the Knowledge Foundation (Sweden), grant registration number 20100268, and Vinnova (Sweden’s innovation agency), grant registration number 2015-05023, is gratefully acknowledged.

Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Citation Information: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 548–556, ISSN (Online) 2000-0669, ISSN (Print) 0283-2631, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/npprj-2018-3042.

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