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Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

The Journal of Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues

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1458-6126
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Volume 31, Issue 4 (Oct 2014)

Issues

Cannabis Use and Drug Related Problems Among Adolescents in 27 European Countries: The Utility of the Prevention Paradox

Anders Romelsjö
  • Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Science, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Email:
/ Anna-Karin Danielsson
  • Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Science, Stockholm, Sweden and Centre for Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Email:
/ Peter Wennberg
  • Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Science, Stockholm, Sweden and Stockholm University, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Email:
/ Björn Hibell
  • The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs, Stockholm, Sweden, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon, Portugal
  • Email:
Published Online: 2014-10-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/nsad-2014-0028

Abstract

AIMS – To study the prevalence of cannabis use and drug-related problems among European adolescents and the utility of the prevention paradox. METHODS – Survey data from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) in 2007 in the 27 countries with information about drug use and drug-related problems was used. We analysed the proportion of all drug-related problems that occurred in a high risk group and among others who had used cannabis in the previous 12 months. The cut-off for the high risk group was chosen to include 10-15 % of the most frequent cannabis users. RESULTS – The high risk groups accounted for a substantial, but a minority, of drug-related problems among boys as well as girls. A minority of those who had used cannabis reported any drug-related problem. The proportion of adolescents with drug-related problems and the average number of problems increased with frequency of cannabis use. CONCLUSIONS – We find support for policy measures of more general character, supported by the prevention paradox. However, this does not exclude a policy supporting frequent drug users if they can be identified

Keywords: drugs; drug-related problems; youth; prevention; ESPAD; drug policy

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About the article

Received: 2014-04-04

Received: 2014-08-30

Published Online: 2014-10-02


Support was provided by a research grant from Forskningsrådet för arbetsliv och socialvet-enskap (Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research (2008-0098 and 2009-1644), currently Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd (Forte), (Swedish Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare). Support was also provided by Systembolagets råd för alkoholfor-skning (The Council for Research on alcohol of the Swedish Alcohol Retail Monopoly) (SRA) (2010:36:1). This article includes data from a database produced within the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD), a collaborative European project owned by the ESPAD researchers, and is written in line with the rules for using ESPAD databases.


Citation Information: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN (Online) 1458-6126, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/nsad-2014-0028. Export Citation

© 2014 Anders Romelsjö et. al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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