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Swedish Taxation in a 150-year Perspective

Mikael Stenkula
Published Online: 2015-05-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ntaxj-2014-0017


This paper examines the development of taxation in Sweden from 1862 to 2010. The examination includes six key aspects of the Swedish tax system, namely the taxation of labor income, capital income, wealth, inheritances and gifts, consumption and real estate. The importance of these taxes varied greatly over time and Sweden increasingly relied on broad-based taxes (such as income taxes and general consumption taxes) and taxes that were less visible to the public (such as payroll taxes and social security contributions). The tax-to-GDP ratio was initially low and relatively stable, but from the 1930s, the ratio increased sharply for nearly 50 years. Towards the end of the period, the tax-to-GDP ratio declined significantly.

Keywords: Income tax; Wealth tax; Inheritance and gift tax; Consumption tax; Real estate tax; Tax reforms


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About the article

Published Online: 2015-05-15

Published in Print: 2014-11-01

Citation Information: Nordic Tax Journal, Volume 2014, Issue 2, Pages 10–42, ISSN (Online) 2246-1809, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ntaxj-2014-0017.

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© 2015. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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