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Nanotechnology Reviews

Editor-in-Chief: Kumar, Challa

Ed. by Hamblin, Michael R. / Bianco, Alberto / Jin, Rongchao / Köhler, J. Michael / Hudait, Mantu K. / Dai, Ning / Lytton-Jean, Abigail / Xie, Jianping / Bryan, Lynn A. / Thiessen, Rose / Alexiou, Christoph / Lee, Jae-Seung / Delville, Marie-Helene / Yan, Ning / Baretzky, Brigitte / Burg, Thomas P. / Fenniri, Hicham / Yang, Jun / Hosmane, Narayan S. / Dufrene, Yves / Podila, Ramakrishna / Eswaramoorthy, Muthusamy

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Volume 2, Issue 3


Nanostructured phase-changeable heat transfer fluids

Jiajun Xu / Bao Yang
Published Online: 2013-05-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ntrev-2012-0041


Cooling is one of the most important technique challenges faced by a range of diverse industries and military needs. There is an urgent need for the innovative heat transfer fluids with improved thermal properties over the currently available. This review paper discusses the concept of using phase-changeable nanoparticles to increase the effective heat capacity and the heat transfer rate of the fluid. A large amount of heat can be absorbed or released when these nanoparticles undergo phase transition from solid to liquid or liquid to gas or vice versa and, thus, enhancing the heat transfer rate. Two types of phase-change fluids are introduced: one contains liquid nanodroplets that will evaporate at elevated temperatures or solidifies at reduced temperatures, called “nanoemulsion fluids”; the other is suspensions of solid-liquid metallic phase-change nanoparticles. The material synthesis and property characterizations of these phase-changeable fluids are two main aspects of this paper. The explosive vaporization of the dispersed nanodroplets would significantly improve the heat transfer in the nanoemulsion fluid. The solid-liquid metallic phase-change nanoparticles will increase the effective heat capacity and thermal conductivity of the base fluids simultaneously. This paper also identifies the several critical issues in the phase-changeable fluids to be solved in the future.

Keywords: nanoemulsion fluids; nanoparticles; phase-change material


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About the article

Jiajun Xu

Jiajun Xu is a PhD candidate of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Maryland-College Park. His research is on developing novel thermal management solutions using nanoemulsion heat transfer fluids, and he has authored and coauthored nine journal papers, one book chapter, and several conference proceedings. He is a member of the ASME and ASHRAE.

Bao Yang

Dr. Bao Yang is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Maryland College Park. Dr. Yang received a PhD in Physics from the University of Science and Technology of China in 1998 and a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California Los Angeles in 2003. His research interests are in micro/nanoscale thermal transport, thermal fluids, solid state energy conversion, and MEMS fabrication. He currently is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Materials Research Society (MRS), American Physical Society (APS), and International Thermoelectrics Society (ITS).

Corresponding author: Bao Yang, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

Received: 2012-12-30

Accepted: 2013-03-25

Published Online: 2013-05-28

Published in Print: 2013-06-01

Citation Information: Nanotechnology Reviews, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 289–306, ISSN (Online) 2191-9097, ISSN (Print) 2191-9089, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ntrev-2012-0041.

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