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Nanotechnology Reviews

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Volume 3, Issue 2 (Apr 2014)


Nanostructured lithium titanate and lithium titanate/carbon nanocomposite as anode materials for advanced lithium-ion batteries

Hui Xia
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Xiaolingwei 200, Nanjing 210094, China
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zhentao Luo
  • Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 9 Engineering Drive 1, 117576 Singapore
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jianping Xie
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 9 Engineering Drive 1, 117576 Singapore
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Published Online: 2013-09-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ntrev-2012-0049


Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries with high energy and power are promising power sources for electric vehicles (including hybrid electric vehicles). One of the challenges is to develop advanced anode materials with high safety, good cycling stability, and fast charge/discharge capabilities. The Li4Ti5O12 spinel is a state-of-the-art Li-ion battery anode material owing to its outstanding safety and excellent structural stability during cycling. However, Li4Ti5O12 large particles still suffer from low ionic conductivity and electronic conductivity, which result in poor rate performance and inhibit its wide practical application. Developing nanostructured electrode materials is one of the most attractive strategies to dramatically enhance the electrochemical performance, including capacity, rate capability, and cycling life. Currently, extensive efforts have been devoted to developing nanostructured Li4Ti5O12 and Li4Ti5O12/carbon nanocomposites to improve their rate performance for high-power Li-ion batteries. In this article, we review the recent progress in developing nanostructured Li4Ti5O12 and Li4Ti5O12/carbon nanocomposites and discuss the benefits of nanostructure and carbon incorporation for the electrochemical performance of Li4Ti5O12-based anodes.

Keywords: anode materials; lithium-ion batteries; nanostructured lithium titanate


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About the article

Hui Xia

Hui Xia received his BE and ME in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Science and Technology Beijing. He obtained his PhD degree in Advanced Materials for Micro- and Nano-Systems from Singapore-MIT Alliance, National University of Singapore in 2008. He is now an Associate Professor in School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology. His research interests include electrode materials for Li-ion batteries and supercapacitors, fabrication of all-solid-state thin film microbatteries, and gas sensors. He has published more than 50 papers in international journals with more than 1000 citations.

Zhentao Luo

Zhentao Luo earned his B.Eng. from the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore in 2010. He is currently undertaking PhD studies at the same department with the guidance of Prof. Jianping Xie. His research focuses on understanding the luminescence properties of metal nanoclusters and exploring their biomedical applications.

Jianping Xie

Jianping Xie received his BS and MS in Chemical Engineering from Tsinghua University of China. He graduated with PhD from the Singapore-MIT Alliance program. He joined National University of Singapore as an Assistant Professor in 2010. His current research interests lie in the interfacing of nanotechnology and biotechnology with focus on developing green chemistry for the synthesis of ultrasmall metal nanoclusters and exploring their biomedical applications. Web site: http://cheed.nus.edu.sg/~chexiej/index.html.

Corresponding authors: Hui Xia, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Xiaolingwei 200, Nanjing 210094, China, e-mail: ; and Jianping Xie, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 9 Engineering Drive 1, 117576 Singapore, e-mail:

Received: 2013-03-05

Accepted: 2013-08-08

Published Online: 2013-09-18

Published in Print: 2014-04-01

Citation Information: Nanotechnology Reviews, ISSN (Online) 2191-9097, ISSN (Print) 2191-9089, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ntrev-2012-0049.

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