Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.674
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.854

CiteScore 2018: 0.84

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.318
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.518

Online
ISSN
1897-3191
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 40, Issue 2

Issues

A long-term trend and temporal fluctuations of the sea level at the Polish Baltic coast

Bernard Wiśniewski / Tomasz Wolski / Stanisław Musielak
Published Online: 2011-06-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-011-0020-9

Abstract

The analysis of sea level record series along the Polish coast is presented. The main aim was to identify linear trends in the sea level changes at the coastal (Świnoujście, Kołobrzeg, Ustka, Łeba, Władysławowo, Hel, Gdynia, Gdańsk), lagoonal (Trzebież, Tokmicko) and riverine (Szczecin) gauge stations. The analysis showed individual coastal stations to differ in the rate of sea level changes. During 60 years of continuous observations (1947–2006), the differences varied from 1.0 (the western part of the coast) to 2.5 mm year−1 (the eastern part of the coast). The longest, more than 100-yr-long data series showed the sea level rise in Świnoujście and Kołobrzeg to be about 0.5 mm year−1; 1.57 mm year−1 being revealed in Gdańsk. Spectral analysis applied to the data showed numerous fluctuations and cyclicity in changes of the annual mean sea level at the Polish coast. A distinct, major 3-year cycle was revealed. In addition, three secondary cycles of 4.6, 6.7, and 8.6 years were present in the data, more or less clearly identifiable at individual stations.

Keywords: sea level; trend; fluctuations; Baltic coast

  • [1] Cieślak A., 2005, Strategia ochrony brzegów [The strategy for protecting the shores] [In:] ZZOP w Polsce, — stan obecny i perspektywy, Problemy erozji brzegu, pp. 171–183 (in Polish) Google Scholar

  • [2] Cyberski J., Wróblewski A., 1999, Recent and forecast changes in sea level along the Polish Coast during the period 1900–2100, Quaternary Studies in Poland, Special Issue, pp. 77–83 Google Scholar

  • [3] Dziadziuszko Z. Jednorał T., 1988, Wahania poziomów morza na polskim wybrzeżu Bałtyku [Fluctuations of the sea level at the Polish Baltic coast]. Studia i Materiaży Oceanologiczne, 52:215–238 (in Polish with Engl. summ.) Google Scholar

  • [4] Dziadziuszko Z., 1993, Poziom morza, [Sea level] [In:] Niwelacja precyzyjna. Niwelacja geometryczna, trygonometryczna, satelitarna i hydroniwelacja, Warszawa-Wrocław, Wyd. PPWK, pp. 351–391 (in Polish) Google Scholar

  • [5] Girjatowicz J.P., 2009, Katalog zasolenia i stanów wody polskiego wybrzeża Bałtyku, [Catalogue of salinity and water levels at the Polish Baltic coast] Szczecin, Wyd. Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, pp. 98 (in Polish with Engl. summ.) Google Scholar

  • [6] ICCP AR4 2007, The Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change, Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group I — The Physical Science Basis of Climate Change — Chapter 5 — Observations: Oceanic Climate Change and Sea Level, Chapter 10 — Global Climate Projections, http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/contents.html Google Scholar

  • [7] Kałas M., 1993, Characteristic of sea level changes on the Polish coast of the Baltic Sea in the last forty five years, IMGW Gdynia, Oddział Morski, Zespół ds. prognoz hydrologicznych, No. 14 Google Scholar

  • [8] Kowalik Z., Wróblewski A., 1973, Okresowe wahania stanów wody przy polskich wybrzeżach południowego Bałtyku, [Periodic oscillations of water levels at the Polish coasts of the Southern Baltic], Archiwum Hydrotechniki, 20(2): 203–211 (in Polish) Google Scholar

  • [9] Kożuchowski K., Stolarczuk A., Wiśniewski B., 1994, Wieloletnie oscylacje poziomu morza w Świnoujściu (1811–1990), [Many years’ changes in the sea level in Świnoujście (1811–1990)], Szczecin, Wyd. Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, Zeszyty Naukowe, Marine Sciences, 134(2): 27–36, (in Polish with Engl. summ.) Google Scholar

  • [10] Kożuchowski K., Stolarczuk A., Wiśniewski B., 1996, Klimatyczna zmienność poziomu morza w Świnoujściu (1811–1990), [Climate variation of the sea level in Świnoujście] [In:] Współczesne zmiany klimatyczne, Rozprawy i Studia, 224, Szczecin, Wyd. Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, pp. 121–143, (in Polish with Engl. summ.) Google Scholar

  • [11] Majewski A., 1986, Skrajne wahania poziomu wody u polskich wybrzeży Bałtyku [Extreme oscillations of the water level at the Polish Baltic coast], Inżynieria Morska, 2: 46–50 (in Polish) Google Scholar

  • [12] Mörner N.A., 2004, Estimating future sea level changes from past records. Global and Planetary Change, 40(1–2): 49–54 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8181(03)00097-3CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [13] NIPCC. (2008) — Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate: Summary for Policymakers of the Report of the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change. S. Fred Singer (ed.)., Chicago, The Heartland Institute, IL, pp. 40 Google Scholar

  • [14] Rotnicki K., Borzyszkowska W., 1999, Przyspieszony wzrost poziomu morza i jego składowe na polskim wybrzeżu Bałtyku w latach 1951–1990 [Accelerated sea-level rise and its components at the Polish Baltic coast in the years 1951–1990] [In:] Borówka R.K., Młynarczyk Z., Wojciechowski A. (eds), Ewolucja systemów nadmorskich Południowego Bałtyku, Poznań-Szczecin Bogucki Wyd. Naukowe, pp. 141–160, (in Polish with Engl. summ.) Google Scholar

  • [15] Wiśniewski B., 1978, Sezonowe i wieloletnie wahania poziomu wód Morza Bałtyckiego [Seasonal and many years’ oscillations of the water level of the Baltic Sea], Szczecin, Wydawnictwo WSM Google Scholar

  • [16] Wiśniewski B., Musielak S., Wolski T., 2009, Wieloletni trend i czasowe fluktuacje położenia poziomu morza u polskich wybrzeży [The long-term trend and temporal fluctuations of the sea level at the Polish Baltic coast] [In:] Wpływ anomalii klimatycznych i pogodowych na procesy abrazji strefy brzegowej Południowego Bałtyku, Polish Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, Gdynia, IO UG, 18.12.2009 r. (presentation) Google Scholar

  • [17] Wiśniewski B., Wolski T., 2009, Katalogi wezbrań i obniżeń sztormowych poziomów morza oraz ekstremalne poziomy wód na polskim wybrzeżu, [Catalogues of sea level storm surges and falls, and extreme water levels on the Polish coast ], Szczecin, Wyd. Akademia Morska, pp. 158, (in Polish with Engl. summ.) Google Scholar

  • [18] Wiśniewski B., Wolski T., Kowalewska-Kalkowska H., Cyberski J., 2009, Extreme water level fluctuations along the Polish coast, Geographia Polonica, 82(1): 99–107 Google Scholar

  • [19] Wróblewski A., 1974, Widmowe gęstości długookresowych oscylacji poziomów Morza Bałtyckiego [Spectral density of long-term oscillations of the sea levels of the Baltic Sea], Oceanologia, 3: 33–50, (in Polish with Engl. summ.) Google Scholar

  • [20] Wróblewski A., 1992, Analysis and forecast of long-term sea level changes along the Polish Baltic Sea coast, Part I. Annual sea level maxima, Oceanologia, 33: 65–85 Google Scholar

  • [21] Wróblewski A., 1994, Analysis and long-term forecast of sea levels along the Polish Baltic Sea coast, Part II. Annual mean sea levels forecast to the year 2100, Oceanologia, 36: 107–120 Google Scholar

  • [22] Rocznik Hydrograficzny Morza Bałtyckiego [Baltic Hydrological Sea Annals] (annual bulletins 1947–1970), State Institute of Hydrology and Meteorology, Wydawnictwa Komunikacji i łączności Google Scholar

  • [23] Morski Komunikat Hydrologiczno-Meteorologiczny [Marine Hydrological-Meteorological Bulletins] (annual bulletins 1961–1990), Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, Gdynia Google Scholar

  • [24] Warunki środowiskowe polskiej strefy południowego Bałtyku, [Environmental Conditions in the Polish Zone of the Southern Baltic] (annual bulletins 1986–2001), Maritime Branch, Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, Gdynia Google Scholar

  • [25] Project No. PBZ_KBN-091/PO4/2004, 5.6.3 — Ekstremalne zdarzenia meteorologiczne i hydrologiczne w Polsce [Extreme meteorological and hydrological events in Poland]. Jania J. (ed.) Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2011-06-02

Published in Print: 2011-06-01


Citation Information: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, Volume 40, Issue 2, Pages 96–107, ISSN (Online) 1897-3191, ISSN (Print) 1730-413X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-011-0020-9.

Export Citation

© 2011 Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdańsk, Poland. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Dominik Paprotny and Paweł Terefenko
Natural Hazards, 2017, Volume 85, Number 2, Page 1249

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in