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Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies

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Volume 40, Issue 2


Total organic carbon as a new index for monitoring trophic states in lakes

Julita Dunalska
  • Department of Environmental Protection Engineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, ul. Prawocheńskiego 1, 10-957, Olsztyn, Poland
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Published Online: 2011-06-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-011-0022-7


Total organic carbon (TOC) can be one of the parameters used to determine trophic state in lakes, as shown by the statistically significant correlation between TOC and chlorophyll, total phosphorus and Secchi disk transparency. Calculation of the TSI index based on TOC according to the formula TSI(TOC) = 20.59 + 15.71 ln(TOC) and its introduction as an additional index to the classification by Carlson may optimize the comparative analysis of lakes and allow a measurable assessment of lakes with respect to the trophic gradient.

Keywords: Trophic state index; total phosphorus; chlorophyll a; Secchi depth; total organic carbon

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-06-02

Published in Print: 2011-06-01

Citation Information: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, Volume 40, Issue 2, Pages 112–115, ISSN (Online) 1897-3191, ISSN (Print) 1730-413X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-011-0022-7.

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© 2011 Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdańsk, Poland. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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