Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.544
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.778

CiteScore 2016: 0.61

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.257
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.548

Online
ISSN
1897-3191
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 41, Issue 1 (Mar 2012)

Issues

Relationships between epipelic diatoms, aquatic macrophytes, and water quality in Akarçay Stream, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey

Mustafa Kargıoğlu / Ahmet Serteser / Ersin Kıvrak / Yılmaz İçağa / Muhsin Konuk
Published Online: 2011-12-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-012-0009-z

Abstract

The Akarçay is the most important stream in the Afyonkarahisar region in central Turkey. In this study, the relationships between epipelic diatoms, macrophytes, and the water quality of Akarçay Stream are presented. According to Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA), BOD5, COD, TDS, NH4-N, NO2-N, and PO4-P had the most significant effects on the diatom and macrophyte community structures of the stream. According to CCA and Correspondence Analysis (CA), dominant diatom species and macrophytes constituted two groups, eutrophic and polluted. While eutraphentic taxa were abundant among upstream diatoms, hypereutraphentic taxa were found downstream in the Akarçay. The diatom assemblages in the sites upstream were generally characterized by an abundance of β-mesosaprobous and α-mesosaprobous species, while the diatom assemblages downstream had a very high abundance of polisaprobous species. Eutrophic and hypertrophic macrophyte taxa (such as Lemna trisulca, Potamogeton nodosus, and Ranunculus sp.) covered a high percentage of the stream bottom. Both diatom indices and macrophyte indices with the exception of the Biological Macrophyte Index of Rivers (IBMR) were correlated with BOD5, COD, TDS, NH4-N, NO2-N, PO4-P, and EC. Physicochemical variables, diatom and macrophyte taxa and the results of diatom and macrophyte indices indicated that the Akarçay stream basin is eutrophic and organically polluted.

Keywords: water quality parameters; epipelic diatoms; macrophytes; ecological state; Akarçay Stream

  • [1] Ali, M.M., Murphy, K.J. & Aberneth, V.J. (1999). Macrophyte functional variables v. species assemblages as predictors of trophic status in flowing waters. Hydrobiologia, 415, 131–138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1003833419359CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Anonymous (2002). Akarçay basin hydrogeology and underwater flow model (pp. 339). Ankara: Republic of Turkey Ministry Energy and Natural Resources General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works. Google Scholar

  • [3] APHA (American Public Health Association). (1995). Standard methods for examination of water and waste water, 19 thed. (pp 1268). Washington, DC. Google Scholar

  • [4] Barendregt, A. & Bio, A.M.F. (2003). Relevant variables to predict macrophyte communities in running waters. Ecol. Model., 160, 205–217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3800(02)00254-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Bellinger, B.J., Cocquyt, C.O. & Reilly, C.M. (2006). Benthic diatoms as indicators of eutrophication in tropical streams. Hydrobiologia, 573, 75–87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-006-0262-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Caffrey, J. (1986). Macrophytes as biological indicators of organic pollution in Irish rivers. In D.H.S. Richardson (Ed.), Biological Indicators of Pollution (pp. 77–87). Royal Irish Academy. Google Scholar

  • [7] Carbiener, R., Trémoliéres, M. & Muller, S. (1995). Vegetation of running waters and water quality: thesis, debates and prospects. Acta Botanica Gallica, 142(6), 489–531. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] Chatenet, P., Froissard, D., Cook-Moreau, J., Hourdin, P., Ghestem, A., Botineau, M. & Haury, J. (2006). Populations of Myriophyllum alterniflorum L. as bioindicators of pollution in acidic to neutral rivers in the Limousin region. Hydrobiologia, 570, 61–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-006-0162-8CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9] Cox, E.J. (1996). Identification of Freshwater Diatoms From Live Material (pp.158). London: Chapman & Hall. Google Scholar

  • [10] Daniel, H. & Haury, J. (1995). Effects of fish farm pollution on phytocenoses in an acidic river (the River Scorff, South Brittany, France). Acta Botanica Gallica, 142, 639–650. Google Scholar

  • [11] Daniel, H., Bernez, I. & Haury, J. (2006). Relationships between macrophytic vegetation and physical features of river habitats: the need for a morphological approach. Hydrobiologia, 570, 11–17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-006-0156-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [12] Davis, P.H. (Ed.) (1965–1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. v: 1–9. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Google Scholar

  • [13] Davis, P.H., Mill, R.R. & Tan, K. (1988). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. v: 10. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh. Google Scholar

  • [14] Dawson, F.H. (2002). Guidance for the field assessment of macrophytes of rivers within the STAR Project, from: 〈http://www.eu-star.at/frameset.htm>. Google Scholar

  • [15] Dere, Ş., Dalkıran, N., Karacaoglu, D., Elmacı, A., Dülger, B. & Sentürk, E. (2006). Relationships among epipelic diatom taxa, bacterial abundances and water quality in a highly polluted stream catchment. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 112(1–3), 1–22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-0213-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] European Union (2000). Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. Official Journal of the European Communities, L 327, 1–72. Google Scholar

  • [17] Gómez, N. & Licursi, M. (2001). The Pampean Diatom Index (IDP) for assessment of rivers and streams in Argentina. Aquatic Ecology, 35(2), 173–181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1011415209445CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] Güner, A., Özhatay, N., Ekim, T. & Başer, K.H.C. (Eds.) (2000). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, v: 11. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Google Scholar

  • [19] Gürbüz, H. & Kivrak, E. (2002). Use of epilithic diatoms to evaluate water quality in the Karasu River of Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology, 23(3), 239–246. Google Scholar

  • [20] Guiry, M. D. & Guiry, G. M. (2007). AlgaeBase version 4.2. Worldwide Electronic Publishing. Galway, National University of Ireland. Retrieved 6 August 2009, from: http://www.algaebase.org. Google Scholar

  • [21] Harding, J. P. C. (1981). Macrophytes as monitors of river quality in the Southern N. W. W. A. area. North West Water Authority, Rivers Division (Ref. No. TS-BS-81-2, 1-54). Google Scholar

  • [22] Haslam, S.M.(1982). A proposed method for monitoring river pollution using macrophytes. Environmental Technology Letters, 3, 19–34. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] Haslam, S.M. (1987). River Plants of Western Europe ( pp. 512). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Google Scholar

  • [24] Hasle, G.R. (1978). Some specific preparations: diatoms. In A. Sournia (Ed.), Phytoplankton Manual. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). Google Scholar

  • [25] Haury, J., Peltre, M. C., Tremolieres, M., Barbe, J. & Thiebaut, G. (2002). A method involving macrophytes to assess water trophy and organic pollution: the Macrophyte Biological Index for Rivers (IBMR) — application to different types of rivers and pollutions. In Dutartre, A. & Montel, M. H. (Eds.), Proc. 11th EWRS International Symposium on Aquatic Weeds (pp. 247–250). Moliets Et Maa, France. Google Scholar

  • [26] Haury, J.C., Peltre, M., Trémolières, M., Barbe, J., Thiébaut, et al. (2006). A new method to assess water trophy and organic pollution — the Macrophyte Biological Index for Rivers (IBMR): its application to different types of river and pollution. Hydrobiologia, 570, 153–158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-006-0175-3CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [27] Hering, D.,, K.F., Moog, O. & Ofenböck, T. (2006). Cook book for the development of a Multimetric Index for biological condition of aquatic ecosystems: Experiences from the European AQEM and STAR projects and related initiatives. Hydrobiologia, 566, 311–324. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-006-0087-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28] Holmes, N.T.H., Boon, P.J. & Rowell, T.A. (1998). A revised classification system for British rivers based on their aquatic plant communities. Aquat. Conserv. Mar. Freshwater Ecosyst., 8, 555–578. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-0755(199807/08)8:4<555::AID-AQC296>3.0.CO;2-YCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29] Holmes, N. T. H., Newman, J. R., Chadd, J. R., Rouen, K. J., Saint, L. & Dawson, F.H. (1999). Mean Trophic Rank: a user’s manual. Research & Development, Technical Report E38 (pp. 134). Bristol: Environment Agency. Google Scholar

  • [30] Husák, S., Sládecek, V. & Sládecková, A. (1989). Freshwater macrophytes as indicators of organic pollution. Acta. Hydrochim. Hydrobiol., 17, 693–701. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aheh.19890170612CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [31] Hustedt, F. (1930). Die Susswasserflora Mitteleuropas. Heft 10. 2nd Edition. Bacillariophyta (Diatomeae). Pascher, A. (Ed.) (pp. 466). Germany: Verlag von Gustav Fischer. Google Scholar

  • [32] Janauer, G.A. & Dokulil, M (2006). Macrophytes and algae in running waters. In G. Ziglio, Siligardi M. & Flaim G. (Eds.), Biological Monitoring of Rivers. Application and Perspectives (pp. 89–109). Chichester, England: Wiley. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/0470863781.ch6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [33] Kalyoncu, H., Çiçek, N. L., Akköz, C. & Yorulmaz, B. (2009). Comparative performance of ditom indices in aquatic pollution assessment. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 4/10, 1032–1040. Google Scholar

  • [34] Kargıoğlu, M. (2001). Flora and vegetation of Afyonkarahisar environs. In M. Uyan et al. (Ed), Afyonkarahisar register 1 (pp. 49–60). Afyonkarahisar. Google Scholar

  • [35] Kelly, M.G. (1998). Use of the trophic diatom index to monitor eutrophication in rivers. Water Research., 32( 1), 236–242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(97)00157-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [36] Kelly, M.G., Cazaubon, A., Coring, E., Dell’uomo, A., Ector, et al. (1998). Recommendations for the routine sampling of diatoms for water quality assessments in Europe. J. Appl. Phycol., 10, 215–224. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1008033201227CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [37] Kolher, A. (1971). Ecology of submerged macrophytes in freshwater. Berichte Der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft Bd, 84, 713–720. Google Scholar

  • [38] Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1986). Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Bacillariophyceae, Band 2/1, 1. Teil: Naviculaceae (pp. 876). Berlin. Google Scholar

  • [39] Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1991). Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Bacillariophyceae, Band 2/3, 3. Teil: Centrales, Fragillariaceae, Eunoticeae (pp. 576). Stuttgart. Google Scholar

  • [40] Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1991). Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Bacillariophyceae, Band 2/4, 4. Teil: Achnanthaceae, Navicula (Lineolatae) und Gomphonema (pp. 436). Stuttgart. Google Scholar

  • [41] Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1999). Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Bacillariophyceae, Band 2/2, 2. Teil: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae (pp. 610). Berlin. Google Scholar

  • [42] Kwandrans, J., Eloranta, P., Kawecka, B. & Wojtan, K. (1998). Use of benthic diatom communities to evaluate water quality in rivers of southern Poland. J. Appl. Phycol., 10, 193–201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1008087114256CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [43] Länderarbeitsgemeinschaft Wasser (LAWA). (1980). The water quality map of the Federal Republic of Germany (pp. 16). Stuttgart. Google Scholar

  • [44] Lumberas, A., Olives, A., Quintana, J.R., Pardo, C. & Molina J.A. (2009). Ecology of aquatic Ranunculus communities under the Mediterranean climate. Aquatic Botany, 90, 59–66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2008.06.001CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [45] Murtaugh, P.A. (1996). The statistical evaluation of ecological indicators. Ecological Applications, 6, 132–139. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2269559CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [46] PmnNather Khan I.S.A. (1990). Assessment of water pollution using diatom community structure and species distribution — a case study in a tropical river basin. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie, 75, 317–338. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iroh.19900750305CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [47] Palmer, C. M. (1969). A composite rating of algae tolerating organic pollution. Journal of Phycology, 5, 78–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.1969.tb02581.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [48] Patrick, R. & Reimer, C.W. (1966). The Diatoms of the United States. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil., Monogr., 13(1), 1–688. Google Scholar

  • [49] Patrick, R. & Reimer, C.W. (1975). The Diatoms of the United States. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil., Monogr., 13(2), Part 1, 1–213. Google Scholar

  • [50] Penning, W.E., Mjelde, M., Dudley, B., Hellsten, S., Hanganu, J., Kolada, A., Berg, M., Poikane, S., Phillips, G., Willby, N. & Ecke, F. (2008). Classifying aquatic macrophytes as indicators of eutrophication in European lakes. Aquatic Ecology, 42(2), 237–251. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10452-008-9182-yCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [51] Resende, P.C., Resende, P., Pardal, M., Almeida, P. & Azeiteiro, U. (2010). Use of biological indicators to assess water quality of the UI River (Portugal). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 110, 535–544. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1255-4CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [52] Riis, T., Sand-Jensen, K. & Vestergaard, O. (2000). Plant communities in lowland Danish streams: species composition and environmental factors. Aquatic Botany, 66, 255–272. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3770(99)00079-0CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [53] Robach, F., Thiébaut, G., Tremolieres, M. & Muller, S. (1996). A reference system for continental running waters: plant communities as bioindicators of increasing eutrophication in alkaline and acidic waters in north-east France. Hydrobiologia, 340, 67–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00012736CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [54] Serteser, A., Kargioğlu, M., İçağa, Y. & Konuk, M. (2008). Vegetation as an indicator of soil properties and water quality in the Akarçay Stream (Turkey). Environ. Manag., 42, 764–770. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00267-008-9165-8CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [55] Soininen, J. (2002). Responses of epilithic diatom communities to environmental gradients in some finnish rivers. Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol., 87(1), 11–24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1522-2632(200201)87:1<11::AID-IROH11>3.0.CO;2-ECrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [56] Soininen, J. & Könönen, K. (2004). Comparative study of monitoring South-Finnish rivers and streams using macroinvertebrate and benthic diatom community structure. Aquatic Ecology, 38, 63–75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:AECO.0000021004.06965.bdCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [57] Solak, C.N. (2011). The Application of Diatom Indices in the Upper Porsuk Creek Kütahya-Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 11, 31–36. http://dx.doi.org/10.4194/trjfas.2011.0105CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [58] Soylu, E.N. & Gönülol, A. (2005). Epipelic algal flora and seasonal variations of the river Yeıilirmak, Amasya, Turkey, Cryptogamie. Algologie, 26(4), 373–385. Google Scholar

  • [59] Soyupak, S., çilesiz, A.F., Yücel, N., Torunoğlu, T., Şentürk, E. & Kaya, J. (1993). Keban Baraj Gölünde (Palu-Elazığ Arası) su kirlenmesi problem. Turk. J. Environ. Sci., 17, 301–304. Google Scholar

  • [60] SPSS Inc.: (2001). SPSS Advanced Models 11.0 (pp.123). Chicago: SPSS Inc. Google Scholar

  • [61] Szczepocka, E. & Szulc, B. (2009). The use of benthic diatoms in estimating water quality of variously polluted rivers. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 38(1), 17–26. http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10009-009-0012-xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [62] Tang, T., Cai, Q. & Lıu, J. (2006). Using epilithic diatom communities to assess ecological condition of Xiangxi River system. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 112, 347–361. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-7666-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [63] Ter Braak, C.J.F. & Šmilauer, P. (2002). CANOCO Reference manual and CanoDraw for Windows User’s guide: Software for Canoinical Community Ordination (version 4.5) (pp.500). Ithaca, NY, USA: Microcomputer Power. Google Scholar

  • [64] Thiébaut, G. & Muller, S. (1999). A macrophyte communities sequence as an indicator of eutrophication and acidification levels in weakly mineralised streams in north-eastern France. Hydrobiologia, 410, 17–24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1003829921752CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [65] Triest, L. (2006). A comparison of macrophyte indices in headwaters of rivers in Flanders (Belgium). Hydrobiologia, 570, 153–158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-006-0175-3CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [66] Van Dam, H., Mertens, A. & Sinkeldam, J. (1994). A coded checklist and ecological indicator values of freshwater diatoms from the Netherlands. N. J. Aquat. Ecol., 28, 117–133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02334251CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2011-12-27

Published in Print: 2012-03-01


Citation Information: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, ISSN (Online) 1897-3191, ISSN (Print) 1730-413X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-012-0009-z.

Export Citation

© 2012 Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdańsk, Poland. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Li-li Ouyang, Yang-dong Pan, Cheng-min Huang, Ya Tang, Jie Du, and Wei-yang Xiao
Journal of Mountain Science, 2016, Volume 13, Number 9, Page 1632
[2]
Xiao-Bo Yu, Kai Hao, Fei Ling, and Gao-Xue Wang
Ecotoxicology, 2014, Volume 23, Number 9, Page 1638
[3]
Danijela Vidakovic, Jelena Krizmanić, and Sanja Šovran
Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 2014, Volume 43, Number 2
[4]
Scott D. Cooper, P. Sam Lake, Sergi Sabater, John M. Melack, and John L. Sabo
Hydrobiologia, 2013, Volume 719, Number 1, Page 383

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in