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Volume 42, Issue 4


Cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in Polish freshwater bodies

Justyna Kobos
  • Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, Laboratory of Biochemical Ecology of Microorganisms, University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, al. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland
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/ Agata Błaszczyk
  • Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, Laboratory of Biochemical Ecology of Microorganisms, University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, al. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland
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/ Natalia Hohlfeld
  • Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, Laboratory of Biochemical Ecology of Microorganisms, University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, al. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland
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/ Anna Toruńska-Sitarz
  • Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, Laboratory of Biochemical Ecology of Microorganisms, University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, al. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland
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/ Anna Krakowiak
  • Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, Laboratory of Biochemical Ecology of Microorganisms, University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, al. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland
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/ Agnieszka Hebel
  • Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, Laboratory of Biochemical Ecology of Microorganisms, University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, al. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland
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/ Katarzyna Sutryk
  • Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, Laboratory of Biochemical Ecology of Microorganisms, University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, al. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland
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/ Magdalena Grabowska / Magdalena Toporowska / Mikołaj Kokociński
  • Faculty of Biology, Department of Hydrobiology, A. Mickiewicz University, ul. Umultowska 89, 61-614, Poznań, Poland
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/ Beata Messyasz
  • Faculty of Biology, Department of Hydrobiology, A. Mickiewicz University, ul. Umultowska 89, 61-614, Poznań, Poland
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/ Andrzej Rybak
  • Faculty of Biology, Department of Hydrobiology, A. Mickiewicz University, ul. Umultowska 89, 61-614, Poznań, Poland
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/ Agnieszka Napiórkowska-Krzebietke / Lidia Nawrocka
  • The State School of Higher Professional Education in Elbląg, Institute of Technology, ul. Wojska Polskiego 1, 82-300, Elbląg, Poland
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/ Aleksandra Pełechata
  • Faculty of Biology, Department of Hydrobiology, A. Mickiewicz University, ul. Umultowska 89, 61-614, Poznań, Poland
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/ Agnieszka Budzyńska
  • Faculty of Biology, Department of Hydrobiology, A. Mickiewicz University, ul. Umultowska 89, 61-614, Poznań, Poland
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/ Paweł Zagajewski
  • Faculty of Biology, Department of Hydrobiology, A. Mickiewicz University, ul. Umultowska 89, 61-614, Poznań, Poland
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/ Hanna Mazur-Marzec
  • Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, Laboratory of Biochemical Ecology of Microorganisms, University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, al. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland
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Published Online: 2014-01-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-013-0093-8


In this work, the authors examined the presence of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in 21 samples collected from fresh water bodies located in 5 provinces in Poland: Lublin (2), Podlasie (1), Pomerania (6), Warmia-Masuria (1) and Wielkopolska (11). In addition, to determine the general pattern of geographical distribution, frequency of cyanobacteria occurrence, and cyanotoxins production, the published data from 238 fresh water bodies in Poland were reviewed. On the basis of these collected results, we concluded that Planktothrix, Aphanizomenon, Microcystis and Dolichospermum were dominant. The general pattern in geographical distribution of the identified cyanobacterial genera was typical of other eutrophic waters in Europe. The production of cyanotoxins was revealed in 18 (86%) of the 21 samples analyzed in the present work and in 74 (75%) of the 98 total water bodies for which the presence of toxins had been examined. Among the 24 detected microcystin variants, [Asp3]MC-RR was most common. These results can be verified when more data from the less explored water bodies in the southern and eastern parts of Poland are available.

Keywords: cyanobacterial blooms; cyanotoxins; freshwater cyanobacteria

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-01-23

Published in Print: 2013-12-01

Citation Information: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, Volume 42, Issue 4, Pages 358–378, ISSN (Online) 1897-3191, ISSN (Print) 1730-413X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-013-0093-8.

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