Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.674
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.854

CiteScore 2018: 0.84

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.318
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.518

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 43, Issue 3


Spatial and seasonal variations of large tintinnid ciliates in Shenhu Bay of China

Yibo Wang
  • Laboratory of Marine Biodiversity and Global Climate Change (MBiGC), College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Wenjing Zhang
  • Laboratory of Marine Biodiversity and Global Climate Change (MBiGC), College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Yuanshao Lin
  • Laboratory of Marine Biodiversity and Global Climate Change (MBiGC), College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Lianming Zheng
  • Laboratory of Marine Biodiversity and Global Climate Change (MBiGC), College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Wenqing Cao
  • Laboratory of Marine Biodiversity and Global Climate Change (MBiGC), College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jun Yang
  • Aquatic Ecohealth Group, Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1799 Jimei Road, Xiamen, 361021, China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-10-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-014-0144-9


In this study, the spatial distribution and seasonal variation of large tintinnids (>76 μm) were investigated in Shenhu Bay during three seasons of 2012. Of the 36 species identified, 9 were dominant (i.e. Tintinnopsis radix, Leprotintinnus simplex, Tintinnopsis japonica, Tintinnopsis tubulosoides, Leprotintinnus nordqvisti, Tintinnopsis beroidea, Stenosemella parvicollis, Tintinnidium primitivum, Tintinnopsis nana). A clear seasonal shift of the taxonomic composition as well as the lorica size of the dominant species was observed. The highest numbers of tintinnid species occurred in spring, while the highest abundance and biomass occurred in summer. Clustering indicated that the seasonal variations of the community structure were more obvious than spatial variations. Spearman correlation analysis revealed that density of phytoplankton prey had a significant impact on the tintinnid abundance. Redundancy analysis (RDA) illustrated that temperature, salinity and the nutrient level were the most important abiotic factors affecting the spatial and seasonal pattern of tintinnid communities in Shenhu Bay.

Keywords: tintinnid; community structure; dominant species; environmental factor

  • [1] 908 Office of the State Oceanic Administration (2006). Comprehensive survey and assessment technique regulations in offshore area of China. Marine chemistry survey technique regulations. Beijing: Ocean Press (In Chinese). Google Scholar

  • [2] Abou Zaid M.M. & Hellal A.M. (2012). Tintinnids (Protozoa: Ciliata) from the coast of Hurghada Red Sea, Egypt. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research 38, 249–268. DOI:10.1016/j.ejar.2013.01.003. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2013.01.003CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] Balkis N. (2004). Tintinnids (Protozoa: Ciliophora) of the Büyükçekmece Bay in the Sea of Marmara. Scientia Marina 68, 33–44. DOI:10.3989/scimar.2004.68n133 http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2004.68n133CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Capriulo G. M. & Carpenter E J. (1983). Abundance, species composition and feeding impact of tintinnid micro-zooplankton in central Long Island Sound. Marine Ecology Progress Series 10:277–288. DOI: 10.3354/meps010277. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps010277CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Clarke K.R. & Gorley R.N. (2001). PRIMER v5: User manual/tutorial. Plymouth: PRIMER-E. Google Scholar

  • [6] Dolan J.R. (2000). Tintinnid ciliate diversity in the Mediterranean Sea: longitudinal patterns related to water column structure in late spring-early summer. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 22, 69–78. DOI:10.3354/ame022069. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/ame022069CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7] Dolan J.R. (2010). Morphology and Ecology in Tintinnid Ciliates of the Marine Plankton: Correlates of Lorica Dimensions. Acta Protozoologica 49, 235–244. Google Scholar

  • [8] Dolan J.R., Claustre H., Carlotti F., Plounevez S., Moutin T. (2002). Microzooplankton diversity: relationships of tintinnid ciliates with resources, competitors and predators from the Atlantic Coast of Morocco to the Eastern Mediterranean. Deep-Sea Research I 49, 1217–1232. DOI: 10.1016/S0967-0637(02)00021-3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(02)00021-3CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9] Godhantaraman N. (2001). Seasonal variations in taxonomic composition, abundance and food web relationship of microzooplankton in estuarine and mangrove waters, Parangipettai region, southeast coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 30, 151–160. Google Scholar

  • [10] Hada Y. (1932). The Tintinnoinea from the sea of Okhotsk and its neighborhood. Journal of the Faculty of Science. Hokkaido Imperial University, Series 6, Zoology 2(1) 37–59. Google Scholar

  • [11] Hada Y. (1937). The fauna of Akkeshi Bay, IV. The pelagic Ciliata. Journal of the Faculty of Science. Hokkaido Imperial University, Series 4, Zoology 5 143–216. Google Scholar

  • [12] Hada Y. (1938). Studies on the Tintinnoinea from the western tropical Pacific. Journal of the Faculty of Science. Hokkaido Imperial University, Series 6, Zoology 6(2) 87–190. Google Scholar

  • [13] Havens K. (2013, January). Plankton Web. Retrieved January 23, 2014, from http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/planktonweb/index.htm Google Scholar

  • [14] Jan S., Wang J., Chern C.S., Chao S.Y. (2002). Seasonal variation of the circulation in the Taiwan Strait. Journal of Marine Systems 35, 249–268. DOI: 10.1016/S0924-7963(02)00130-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-7963(02)00130-6Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15] Kamiyama T. & Tsujino M. (1996). Seasonal variation in the species composition of tintinnid ciliates in Hiroshima Bay, the Seto Inland Sea of Japan. Journal of Plankton Research 18, 2313–2327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/plankt/18.12.2313Google Scholar

  • [16] Kofoid C.A. & Campbell A.S. (1929). A conspectus of the marine and freshwater Ciliata belonging to the suborder Tintinnoinea, with descriptions of new species principally from the Agassiz expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific 1904–1905. University of California Publications in Zoology 34, 1–403. Google Scholar

  • [17] Kofoid C.A. & Campbell A.S. (1939). The Tintinnoinea of the eastern tropical Pacific. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology of Harvard College 84, 1–473. Google Scholar

  • [18] Lynn D.H. (2008). The ciliated protozoa. Characterization, classification and guide to the literature. 3rd ed. Springer: Berlin. Google Scholar

  • [19] Miyaguchi H., Fujiki T., Kikuchi T., Kuwahara V.S., Toda T. (2006). Relationship between the bloom of N. scintillans and environmental factors in the coastal waters of Sagami Bay, Japan. Journal of Plankton Research, 28, 313–324. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/fbi127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbi127CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20] Nie D. (1934). Notes on Tintinnoinea from the Bay of Amoy. Annual Report of the Marine Biology Association of China 3, 71–80. Google Scholar

  • [21] Pierce R.W. & Turner J.T. (1993). Global biogeography of marine tintinnids. Marine Ecology Progress Series 94, 11–26. DOI: 10.3354/meps094011. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps094011CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22] Pitt K.A., Kingsford M.J., Rissik D., Koop K. (2007). Jellyfish modify the response of planktonic assemblages to nutrient pulses. Marine Ecology Progress Series 351, 1–13. DOI: 10.3354/meps07298. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps07298Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] Sanders R.W. (1995). Seasonal distributions of the photosynthesizing ciliates Laboea strobila and Myrionecta rubra (= Mesodinium rubrum) in an estuary of the Gulf of Maine. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 9, 237–242. DOI: 10.3354/ame009237. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/ame009237CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24] Sato N.E., Hernández D., Viñas M.D. (2010). Hábitos alimentarios de Noctiluca scintillans en aguas costeras de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research 38, 403–412 (In Spanish, with English summary). DOI: 10.3856/vol38-issue3-fulltext-5. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [25] Stoecker D.K. & Capuzzo J.M. (1990). Predation on protozoa: its importance to zooplankton. Journal of Plankton Research 12, 891–908. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/12.5.891. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/plankt/12.5.891CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [26] ter Braak C.J.F. & Smilauer P. (2002). CANOCO Reference Manual and CanoDraw for Windows User’s Guide: software for canonical community ordination (version 4.5). Ithaca, New York: Microcomputer Power. Google Scholar

  • [27] Thompson G.A., Alder V.A., Boltovskoy D., Brandini F. (1999). Abundance and biogeography of tintinnids (Ciliophora) and associated microzooplankton in the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Plankton Research 21, 1265–1298. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/21.7.1265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/plankt/21.7.1265CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28] Urrutxurtu I. (2004). Seasonal succession of tintinnids in the Nervión River estuary, Basque Country, Spain. Journal of plankton research 26(3), 307–314. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/fbh034. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbh034CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29] Utermöhl H. (1958). Zurvervolkommungder quantitativen phytoplankton Methodik. Mitteilungen der Internationalen Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 9, 1–38. (In German) Google Scholar

  • [30] Uye S., Nagano N., Tamaki H. (1996). Geographical and seasonal variations in abundance, biomass and estimated production rates of microzooplankton in the Inland Sea of Japan. Journal of Oceanography 52(6), 689–703. DOI: 10.1007/BF02239460. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02239460Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [31] Vaqué D., Blough H.A., Duarte C.M. (1997). Dynamics of ciliate abundance, biomass and community composition in an oligotrophic coastal environment (NW Mediterranean). Aquatic Microbial Ecology 12, 71–83. DOI:10.3354/ame012071. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/ame012071CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [32] Verity P.G. (1987). Abundance, community composition, size distribution, and production rates of tintinnids in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 24, 671–690. DOI: 10.1016/0272-7714(87)90106-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0272-7714(87)90106-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [33] Verity P.G. & Lagdon C. (1984). Relationships between lorica volume, carbon, nitrogen, and ATP content of tintinnids in Narragansett Bay. Journal of Plankton Research 6, 859–868. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/6.5.859. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/plankt/6.5.859CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [34] Wang Y., Zhang W., Lin Y., Cao W., Zheng L., et al. (2014). Phosphorus, nitrogen and chlorophyll-a are significant factors controlling ciliate communities in summer in the Northern Beibu Gulf, South China Sea. PLoS ONE 9(7), e101121. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0101121 http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101121Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [35] Wang Y., Zhang W., Lin Y., Zheng L., Cao W., et al. (2013). Spatial pattern of the planktonic ciliate community and its relationship with the environment in spring in the northern Beibu Gulf, South China Sea. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies 42(4), 470–479. DOI: 10.2478/s13545-013-0103-x. http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s13545-013-0103-xCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-10-29

Published in Print: 2014-09-01

Citation Information: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, Volume 43, Issue 3, Pages 292–302, ISSN (Online) 1897-3191, ISSN (Print) 1730-413X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-014-0144-9.

Export Citation

© 2014 Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdańsk, Poland. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Haibo Li, Chaofeng Wang, Chen Liang, Yuan Zhao, Wuchang Zhang, Gérald Grégori, and Tian Xiao
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2019, Volume 226, Page 106268
Amina Berraho, Hinde Abdelouahab, Tarik Baibai, Said Charib, Jamila Larissi, Aziz Agouzouk, and Ahmed Makaoui
Oceanologia, 2019, Volume 61, Number 3, Page 368
Faiza Al-Yamani, Rakhesh Madhusoodhanan, Valeriye Skryabin, and Turki Al-Said
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 2019, Volume 166, Page 151
Fengxia Wu, Ming Dai, Honghui Huang, and Zhanhui Qi
Marine and Freshwater Research, 2019, Volume 70, Number 3, Page 426
Wenjing Zhang, Yuanyuan Mo, Jun Yang, Jing Zhou, Yuanshao Lin, Alain Isabwe, Jian Zhang, Xiu Gao, and Zheng Yu
Continental Shelf Research, 2018
Wenjing Zhang, Yongbo Pan, Lingyu Yu, and Lemian Liu
Continental Shelf Research, 2017, Volume 141, Page 68
Dibyendu Rakshit, Gouri Sahu, Ajit Kumar Mohanty, Kamala Kanta Satpathy, M.P. Jonathan, K. Murugan, and Santosh Kumar Sarkar
Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2017, Volume 114, Number 1, Page 134
Dibyendu Rakshit, Santosh K. Sarkar, Kamala K. Satpathy, Palani Sankar Ganesh, Nallamuthu Godhantaraman, and Jayanta K. Biswas
CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water, 2016, Volume 44, Number 10, Page 1278
Dibyendu Rakshit, P. Sankar Ganesh, and Santosh Kumar Sarkar
Regional Studies in Marine Science, 2016, Volume 3, Page 89

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in