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Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies

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Volume 43, Issue 4


Freshwater green algal biofouling of boats in the Kabul River, Pakistan

Izaz Khuram / Nadeem Ahmad / Samin Jan / Sophia Barinova
Published Online: 2015-01-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-014-0150-y


Freshwater green algal biofouling of boats refers to the accrual of freshwater green algae on boats immersed in water. The current research focused on the morphological characteristics of the isolates, species ecology, and the physicochemical properties of the water at the sampling sites. Two localities, Haji Zai and Sardaryab, were sampled at the Kabul River in the district of Charsadda, Pakistan. Freshwater green algae causing biofouling were isolated from the boats. A total of three genera: Cladophora, Rhizoclonium, and Spirogyra with fifteen species belonging to the families Cladophoraceae and Zygnemataceae were observed. Statistical analysis reveals significant stimulation of green algal species in the boats’ fouled communities by increases in water temperature, conductivity, and Total Suspended Solids (TSS). The algal growth at the Haji Zai site is suppressed by TDS in autumn (Pearson −0.56) and is stimulated by water temperature in spring (Pearson 0.44). At the Sardaryab site, algae were stimulated in spring by pH of water (Pearson 0.61), and suppressed by Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) in autumn (Pearson −0.43). Statistical analysis indicates that pH, conductivity, and temperature are the main factors determining the algal biofouling in the Kabul River.

Keywords: fresh water; green algae; biofouling; boats; Kabul River; Pakistan

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About the article

Published Online: 2015-01-04

Published in Print: 2014-12-01

Citation Information: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, Volume 43, Issue 4, Pages 329–336, ISSN (Online) 1897-3191, ISSN (Print) 1730-413X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-014-0150-y.

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© 2014 Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdańsk, Poland. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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