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Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies

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Volume 43, Issue 4


Impact of waterbirds on chemical and biological features of water and sediments of a large, shallow dam reservoir

Robert Gwiazda / Andrzej Woźnica
  • Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia, ul. Jagiellońska 28, 40-032, Katowice, Poland
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/ Bartosz Łozowski
  • Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia, ul. Jagiellońska 28, 40-032, Katowice, Poland
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/ Maciej Kostecki
  • Institute of Environmental Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 34, 41-819, Zabrze, Poland
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/ Adam Flis
Published Online: 2015-01-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-014-0160-9


Large numbers of Mallard Anas platyrhynchos (max. 10,490 ind.), Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus (max. 3,430 ind.) and Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo (max. 1,449 ind.) were recorded on the Goczałkowice Reservoir, Poland (2,754 ha). Most of the waterbirds occurred in the backwater of this reservoir. The amount of phosphorus and nitrogen loaded by the most numerous waterbirds into Goczałkowice Reservoir was estimated at 958 kg and 2,621 kg, respectively in 2011 and 1,043 kg and 2,793 kg, respectively in 2012. In 2011 and 2012, the waterbirds introduced a considerable amount of phosphorus, nitrogen and a large number of coliforms into the backwater of the reservoir. The concentration of different forms of phosphorus and nitrogen, chlorophyll-a and bacteria coli in the water was not greater at the site of birds’ concentration (except dissolved organic nitrogen). The concentration of nitrates in the water at the site near the breeding colony of gulls in comparison with the reference site was not different. The amounts of P-tot and N-tot in the sediment were similar at the site affected by waterbirds and at the reference site. The dynamics of water masses was not the reason for the lack of differences between the studied sites.

Keywords: bird assemblages; water chemistry; nutrient concentration; chlorophyll-a; bacteria coli

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About the article

Published Online: 2015-01-04

Published in Print: 2014-12-01

Citation Information: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, Volume 43, Issue 4, Pages 418–426, ISSN (Online) 1897-3191, ISSN (Print) 1730-413X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-014-0160-9.

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© 2014 Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdańsk, Poland. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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