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Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies


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Volume 44, Issue 3

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Decomposition study of in vivo phytoplankton absorption spectra aimed at identifying the pigments and the phytoplankton group in complex case 2 coastal waters of the Arabian Sea

S. S. Shaju
  • Fishing Technology Division, Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Matsyapuri PO, Cochin 682 029, Kerala, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ P. Minu
  • Fishing Technology Division, Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Matsyapuri PO, Cochin 682 029, Kerala, India
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/ A. S. Srikanth
  • Takuvik Joint UL/CNRS Laboratory, Department of Biology, Laval University, Quebec G1V 0A6, Canada
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/ P. Muhamed Ashraf
  • Corresponding author
  • Fishing Technology Division, Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Matsyapuri PO, Cochin 682 029, Kerala, India
  • Email
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ A. K. Vijayan
  • Centre of Marine and Living Resources and Ecology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India, Kendriya Bhavan, Kakkanad, P.B.NO.5415, P.O.CSEZ, Kochi, Kerala-682037, India
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ B. Meenakumari
Published Online: 2015-09-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ohs-2015-0027

Abstract

Phytoplankton modify the optical properties of the seawater by altering the subsurface light field. Information on the accessory pigments present in the phytoplankton helps to differentiate major phytoplankton classes or taxonomic groups. The variability in the absorption spectra of phytoplankton and particulate matter of case 2 coastal waters of the Southeastern Arabian Sea were studied from June 2010 to November 2011. The phytoplankton specific absorption coefficient, at 440 nm and 675 nm, a*ph (440) and a*ph (675) varied from 0.018 to 0.32 m2 mg-1 and from 0.0005 to 0.16 m2 mg-1, respectively. The 4th derivative spectra computed for each in vivo absorption spectrum showed that the amplitude of maxima obtained is proportional to the concentration of the chromoprotein which absorbed that wavelength. Regression of pigment concentration against the 4th derivative spectral coefficient showed that the measurements of particulate absorption could provide quantitative information on chlorophyll α and other accessory pigment concentrations. Fucoxanthin and diadinoxanthin, the carotenoid pigments found in the diatoms were identified from the derivatives peaks. The study demonstrates the utility of using the 4th derivative analysis as a tool to identify the dominating phytoplankton group and its pigment composition.

Keywords: Total particulate absorption; phytoplankton specific absorption coefficient; packaging effect; derivative analysis

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About the article

Received: 2014-11-20

Accepted: 2015-03-18

Published Online: 2015-09-30

Published in Print: 2015-09-01


Citation Information: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, Volume 44, Issue 3, Pages 282–293, ISSN (Online) 1897-3191, ISSN (Print) 1730-413X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ohs-2015-0027.

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