Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.674
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.854

CiteScore 2018: 0.84

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.318
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.518

Online
ISSN
1897-3191
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 44, Issue 4

Issues

Netz-Phytoplankton Diversity in the western and southern regions of the South China Sea

Haijiao Liu
  • College of Marine and Environmental Sciences, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
  • Tianjin Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Chemistry, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jun Sun
  • College of Marine and Environmental Sciences, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
  • Tianjin Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Chemistry, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-12-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ohs-2015-0050

Abstract

Based on the survey records on netz-phytoplankton (>76 μm) collected in the South China Sea (SCS) during the cruise from the 21st August to the 18th October, 2012, the species composition, biodiversity and its spatial distribution were studied. The identified 326 phytoplankton species belonged to 75 genera and 4 phyla. Thalassionema nitzschioides was the most dominant species accounting for 33.24% of the total cell abundance, followed by Bacteriastrum furcatum − 8.69%. Whereas the phytoplankton cell abundance (cells l-1) was the highest in the Zhubi Reef (1106.45 ± 2475.38), the southern SCS (396.84 ± 969.87), the western SCS (90.82 ± 144.66) and the northern SCS (66.48 ± 70.89) in order. The distribution of phytoplankton appears to be affected by the Mekong river discharge and particles derived in Sumatra and Kalimantan from biomass burning, nutrient concentrations, the South China Sea Warm Current (SCSWC). The evaluation of biodiversity indices indicated the high level of species richness, evenness and biodiversity in the survey area.

Keywords: phytoplankton; South China Sea; diatoms; biodiversity; remote sensing data

References

  • Behrenfeld, M. J., Halsey K. H. & Milligan A. J. (2008). Evolved physiological responses of phytoplankton to their integrated growth environment. Biol Sci 363: 2687-2703. DOI: 10.1098/ rstb.2008.0019.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Chen, G., Hou Y. & Chu X. (2011). Mesoscale eddies in the South China Sea: Mean properties, spatiotemporal variability, and impact on thermohaline structure. J. Geophys. Res. B. 116: 1-19. DOI: 10.1029/2010JC006716.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Falkowski, P. G. & Oliver M. J. (2007). Mix and match: how climate selects phytoplankton. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 5: 813-819. DOI: 10.1038/nrmicro1751.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Gong, X., Ma W., Tian W. & Sun J. (2012). Netz-phytoplankton community in the northern South China Sea in summer 2009. Periodical of Ocean University of China (In Chinese) 42(4): 048-054. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-5174.2012.04.007.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Guan, B. (1998). A review of study on the South China Sea Warm Current. Oceanol. Limnol. Sin. (In Chinese) 29(3): 322-329.Google Scholar

  • Guo, Y., Ye J. & Zhou H (1983). Studies of Ceratium in Xisha and Zhongsha Islands. Stud. Mar. Sin. (In Chinese) 20: 70-108.Google Scholar

  • Guo, Y., Zhou H. & Ye J. (1978). A new species of Striatella - Striatella nanhainica. Stud. Mar. Sin. (In Chinese) 12: 53-58.Google Scholar

  • Guo, Y., Zhou H. & Ye J. (1979). Taxonomic study on Blepharocysta sp. in waters around Xisha and Zhongsha Islands. Stud. Mar. Sin. (In Chinese) 15: 47-55.Google Scholar

  • Guo, Y. (1976). Five new species of Coscinodiscus in the South China Sea. Stud. Mar. Sin. (In Chinese) 11: 77-90.Google Scholar

  • Guo, Y. (1981). Taxonomy study on planktonic Coscinodiscus in the South China Sea. Stud. Mar. Sin. (In Chinese) 18: 149-179.Google Scholar

  • Hallegraeff, G. M. & Jeffrey S. W. (1984). Tropical phytoplankton species and pigments of continental shelf waters of North and North-West Australia. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 20: 59-74.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hallegraeff, G. M. (1986). Taxonomy and morphology of the marine plankton diatoms Thalassionema and Thalassiothrix. Diatom Research 1(1): 57-80. DOI: 10.1080/0269249X.1986.9704958.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ke, Z., Huang L.M., Tan Y.H. & Yin J.Q. (2011). Species composition and abundance of phytoplankton in the northern South China Sea in summer 2007. J. Trop. Oceanogr. (in Chinese) 30(1): 131-143. DOI: 10.3969/j. issn.1009-5470.2011.01.020.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Le, F. & Ning X. (2006). Variations of the phytoplankton biomass in the northern South China Sea. J. Mar. Sci. (in Chinese) 24 (2): 60-69. DOI: 10012909X(2006)0220060210.Google Scholar

  • Le, F., Sun J., Ning X.R., Song S.Q., Cai Y.M. & Liu C.G. (2006). Phytoplankton in the northern South China Sea of summer 2004. Oceanol. Limnol. Sin. (in Chinese) 37(3): 238-248. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:0029-814X.2006.03.008.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Li, K., Guo Y.J., Yin J Q. & Huang L.M. (2005). Phytoplankton diversity and abundance in Nansha Islands waters in autumn of 1997. J. Trop. Oceanogr. (in Chinese) 24(3): 25-30. DOI: 1009-5470(2005)03-0025-06.Google Scholar

  • Li, X., Chen C.Q., Shi P., Zhan H.G. & He Q.J. (2006). Estimation of primary production of South China Sea from 1998 to 2002 by remote sensing and its spatio-temporal variation mechanism. J. Trop. Oceanogr. (in Chinese) 25(3): 57-62. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-5470.2006.03.011.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Li, X., Sun J., Tian W. & Wang M. (2012). Phytoplankton community in the northern area of South China Sea in summer of 2009. Mar. Sci. (in Chinese) 36(10): 33-39. DOI: 1000-3096(2012)10-0033-07.Google Scholar

  • Liu, K.K., Chen Y.J., Tseng C.M., Lin L.I., Liu H.B. & Snidvongs A. (2007). The importance of phytoplankton photo-adaptation and benthic-pelagic coupling to primary production in the South China Sea: Observations and numerical investigations. Deep-Sea Res. Part II 54: 1546-1574. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.05.009.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ma, W., Sun J. & Tian W. (2011). Community structure of netzphytoplankton in northern South China Sea in winter, 2009. Mar. Sci. (In Chinese) 35(9): 8-13. DOI: 1000-3096(2011)09-0008-06.Google Scholar

  • Riebesell, U. (1991). Particle aggregation during a diatom bloom. II Biological aspects. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 69: 281-291. DOI: 10.3354/meps069281.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Song, X., Huang L.M., Qian S.B. & Yin J.Q. (2002). Phytoplankton diversity in waters around Nansha Islands in spring and summer. Biodiversity Sci. (In Chinese) 10(3): 258-268. DOI: 1005-0094(2002)03-0258-11.Google Scholar

  • Sun, J., Liu D.Y., Wei H. & Qian S.B. (2001). Fuzzy evaluation on the marine phytoplankton diversity of Ryukyu-Gunto and its adjacent waters. Oceanol. Limnol. Sin. (In Chinese), 32(4): 446-453. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:0029-814X.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sun, J. & Liu D. (2002). The preliminary notion on nomenclature of common phytoplankton in China Seas waters. Oceanol. Limnol. Sin. (In Chinese) 33(3): 271-286. DOI: 10.3321/j. issn:0029-814X.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sun, J. & Liu D. (2004). The application of diversity indices in marine phytoplankton studies. Acta Oceanol. Sin. (In Chinese) 26 (1): 62-75. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:0253-4193.2004.01.007.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sun, J., Song S.Q., Le F.F., Wang D., Dai M.H. & Ning X.R. (2007). Phytoplankton in northern South China Sea in the winter of 2004. Acta Oceanol. Sin. (In Chinese) 29(5): 132-145. DOI: 0253-0493(2007)05-0132-14.Google Scholar

  • Wong, G. T. F., Ku T.L., Mulholland M., Tseng C.M. & Wang D.P. (2007). The SouthEast Asian Time-series Study (SEATS) and the biogeochemistry of the South China Sea - An overview. Deep-Sea Res. Part II 54: 1434-1447. DOI: 10.1016/j. dsr2.2007.05.012.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ye, J., Lin Y. & Yuan W. (1983). The distribution of phytoplankton abundance in Dongsha Island and the arounding waters. Contributions on Marine Biological Research of the South China Sea (pp. 1-6) (In Chinese), Beijing: China Ocean Press.Google Scholar

  • Zhao, H., Qi Y.Q., Wang D.X. & Wang W.Z. (2005). Study on the features of chlorophyll-a derived from SeaWiFS in the South China Sea. Acta. Oceanol. Sin. (In Chinese) 27(4): 45-52. DOI: 0253-4193(2005)04-0045-08.Google Scholar

  • Zheng, B., Lu F. & Wei H. (2013). Air-sea interactions associated with tropospheric biennial oscillation in South China Sea summer monsoon and their effects on El Nino-Southern Oscillation. Acta Oceanol. Sin. 32(6): 6-12. DOI: 10.1007/ s13131-013-0319-z.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Zhu, G.H., Ning X.R., Cai Y.M., Liu Z.L. & Liu C.G. (2003). Studies on species composition and abundance distribution of phytoplankton in the South China Sea. Acta Oceanol. Sin. (In Chinese) 25: 8-23. Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-03-16

Accepted: 2015-05-11

Published Online: 2015-12-09

Published in Print: 2015-12-01


Citation Information: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, Volume 44, Issue 4, Pages 530–538, ISSN (Online) 1897-3191, ISSN (Print) 1730-413X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ohs-2015-0050.

Export Citation

Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdansk, Poland.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in