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Design considerations for mesoporous silica nanoparticulate systems in facilitating biomedical applications

Diti Desai
  • Center for Functional Materials, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
  • Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Tech. & Eng., The M.S.University of Baroda, India
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/ Didem Sen Karaman
  • Center for Functional Materials, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
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/ Neeraj Prabhakar
  • Center for Functional Materials, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
  • Laboratory of Biophysics, Institute of Biomedicine and Medicity Research Laboratories, University of Turku, Finland
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/ Sina Tadayon
  • Center for Functional Materials, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
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/ Alain Duchanoy
  • Center for Functional Materials, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
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/ Diana M. Toivola / Sadhana Rajput / Tuomas Näreoja
  • Laboratory of Biophysics, Institute of Biomedicine and Medicity Research Laboratories, University of Turku, Finland
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/ Jessica M. Rosenholm
  • Corresponding author
  • Center for Functional Materials, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
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Published Online: 2014-04-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/mesbi-2014-0001

Abstract

Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have advanced to the forefront of multifunctional nanoparticulate systems in nanomedicine, owing to this highly fexible materials platform enabling a multitude of design options, often in a modular fashion. Drug delivery ability, detectability via diferent imaging modalities, and stimuliresponsiveness are often combined into one particle system. Very sophisticated and versatile designs along with impressive demonstrations of applicability have been reported to date, but a common ground when it comes to some critical considerations valid for any nanoparticle intended for biomedical purposes is lacking to some degree. In this study, we attempt to take a glance at some of the most crucial aspects of biomedical nanoparticulate design and relate how they apply specifically toMSNs. These considerations include fuorophore labeling and leaching with respect to immobilization to MSNs, the surrounding conditions, carrier biodegradability, and surface coating. Surface modifcation strategies and surface charge tuning are further considered in conjunction to the relative amount of cellular uptake and serum protein adsorption. Cellular internalization routes and biological techniques used to evaluate especially in vitro biobehavior are discussed. Our attempt is hereby to draw attention to some of the most frequently occurring issues to be considered in the design of MSN systems for biomedical applications

Keywords: fuorophore labeling; fuorescence properties; Photostability; surface coating; surface charge; cellular Uptake; cellular internalization routes; serum protein adsorption; PEI cytotoxicity

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-04-09

Published in Print: 2014-01-01


Citation Information: Open Material Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2544-7300, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/mesbi-2014-0001.

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