Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Agriculture

1 Issue per year

Covered by: Elsevier - SCOPUS
Clarivate Analytics - Emerging Sources Citation Index

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2391-9531
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Determination of Optimum Nitrogen and Potassium Levels for potato Production in Central high lands of Ethiopia

Egata Shunka
  • Corresponding author
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holetta Agricultural Research Center, Horticultural Research Division, Potato Research Program, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Abebe Chindi
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holetta Agricultural Research Center, Horticultural Research Division, Potato Research Program, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ W. Giorgis Gebremedhin
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holetta Agricultural Research Center, Horticultural Research Division, Potato Research Program, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ebrahim Seid
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holetta Agricultural Research Center, Horticultural Research Division, Potato Research Program, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Lemma Tessema
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holetta Agricultural Research Center, Horticultural Research Division, Potato Research Program, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-04-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2017-0019

Abstract

To determine the required levels of nitrogen and potassium, an experiment was conducted at Holetta Agricultural Research Center and Jeldu sub Center from 2014-2015 using three factors (Jalenie, Gudenie and Belete potato varies; 87, 110, 133kg/ha nitrogen rates and 0, 34.5, 69, 103.5kg/ha potassium in the form of K2O levels) and as a completely randomized block design arrangement with three replications. In each location every year the 36 treatments (4 potassium oxide levels x 3 nitrogen levels x 3 varieties) were assigned in random combinations to 36 plots of one block in a random case which was replicated in to two additional blocks of different randomizations in order to make total of three replications/blocks. Data were analyzed by SAS software Version 9.2. Potassium rates significantly affected the total yield and marketable yield as compared to the control treatment. Application of potassium at 103.5 kg/ha produced significantly a higher marketable yield than all rates. As compared to Jeldu, the Holetta location produced the maximum highly significant yield and yield component. Interaction of potassium and nitrogen fertilizers affected marketable tuber numbers and plant height significantly. In 2014, Belete produced the highest (27.31 ton/ha) marketable yield at an application of 34.5 kg/ha potassium and 110 kg/ha nitrogen while Gudenie produced the highest (30.53 ton/ha) marketable yield at an application of 69 kg/ ha potassium and 110 kg/ha nitrogen rates in 2015. It is better to apply 69 kg/ha potassium and 110 kg/ha nitrogen to potato production for reasonable yield at sites similar to experimental locations. It can be concluded that, interaction of nitrogen and potassium rates significantly affected plant height and marketable tuber numbers.

Keywords : Potassium; Nitrogen; Potato; marketable and unmarketable yield

References

  • Allison M.F., Flowler J.H., Allen E.J., Response of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) to Potassium Fertilizers. The Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2001, 136, 407-426Google Scholar

  • Al-Moshileh A.M., Errebhi M., Motawei M., Effect of various potassium and nitrogen rates and splitting methods on potato under sandy soil and arid environmental conditions. Emir. J. Food Agric., 2005, 17(1), 1-9Google Scholar

  • Anabousi O.A.N, Hattar B.I., Suwwan M.A., Effect of Rate and Source of Nitrogen on Growth, Yield and Quality of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) under Jordan Valley Conditions. Dirasat- Agriculture-Science, 1997, 24(2), 242-259Google Scholar

  • Bansal S.K., Trehan S.P., Effect of potassium on yield and processing quality attributes of potato. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 2011, 24(1), 48-54Google Scholar

  • Berug R., Roer L., Tor T., Amino acid content of potato tuber s as influenced by nitrogen and potassium fertilization, year, location and variety. Meldinger fra Noges land bruks hogs kole., 1979, 58(40), 1-23Google Scholar

  • Chillot Y., Hassan R.M., Social Costes and incentives for optimal control of soil nutrient depletion in the central highland of Ethiopia. Agricultural system, 2010, 103, 153-160Google Scholar

  • CSA (Central Statistical Agency), The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Agricultural Sample Survey Report of 2013/2014. Statistical Report on Farm Management Practices Private Peasant holdings, Meher season, 2014, 3, 17-19Google Scholar

  • Dia M., Wehner T.C, Hassell R., Price D.S., Boyhan G.E., Olson S., King S., Davis A.R., Tolla G.E., Genotype x environment interaction and stability analysis for watermelon fruit yield in the United States. Crop Sci., 2016a, 56, 1645-1661, doi: 10.2135/cropsci2015.10.0625CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dia M., Wehner T.C., Perkins-Veazie P., Hassell R., Price D.S.,. Boyhan G.E, Olson S., King S., Davis A.R., Tolla G.E., Bernier J., Juarez B., Stability of fruit quality traits in diverse watermelon cultivars tested in multiple environments. Horticulture Research,2016d, 23: 16066; doi: 10.1038/hortres.2016.66CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Eleiwa M.E., Ibrahim S.A., Mohamed M.F., Combined effect of NPK levels and foliar nutritional compounds on growth and yield parameters of potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.). African Journal of Microbiology Research, 2012, 6(24), 5100-5109Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Gause K., Effect of Nitrogen and Potassium on Potato Yield, Quality and Acrylamide-Forming Potential. Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2014, Paper 2170Google Scholar

  • Geremew T., Ayalew A., Getachew A., Response of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) to Potassium Fertilizer on Acid Soils of Wolmera and Gumer Weredas,in the High Lands of Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 2015, 5(17), 1-6Google Scholar

  • Gete Z., Getachehu A., Dejene A., Shahidur R., Fertilizer and soil fertility potential in Ethiopia Constraints opportunities for enhancing the system. Center for Africa (ILCA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2010Google Scholar

  • Gumul D., Ziobro R., Noga M., Sabat R., Characterisation of five potato cultivars according to their nutritional and pro-health components. Acta Sci. Pol. Technol. Aliment, 2011, 10(1), 77-81Google Scholar

  • Gezu G.D., Fertility Mapping of Soils of Bako Tibe District, West Shewa Zone of Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. Msc Thesis. Haramaya University, Haramaya, 2015Google Scholar

  • Honisch M., Hellmeier C., Weiss K., Response of surface and sub-surface water quality to land use changes. Geoderma, 2002, 105, 277-298Google Scholar

  • Husna S., Eliakira K., Response of Irish potato to NPK fertilizer application and its economic return when grown on an Ultisol of Morogoro, Tanzania. Journal of Agricultural and Crop Research, 2014, 2(9), 188-196Google Scholar

  • Ismail A.I., Abu-Zinada, Potato Response to Potassium and Nitrogen Fertilization Under Gaza Strip Conditions. J. Al Azhar University-Gaza (Natural Sciences), 2009, 11, 15-30Google Scholar

  • Iqbal M., Niamatullah M., Yousaf I., Munir M., Khan M. Z., Effect of nitrogen and potassium on growth, economical yield and yield components of tomato. Sarhad J. Agric., 2011, 27(4), 545-548Google Scholar

  • Lamberti M., Geiselmann A., Conde - Petit B., Escher F., Starch transformation and structure development in production and reconstitution of potato flakes. In LWT - Food Science and Technology, 2004, 37(4), 7-427Google Scholar

  • Locascio S.J., Bartz J.A., Weingartner D.P., Calcium and Potassium of Potato Grown in North Florida. I. Effect on Potato Yield and Tissue Ca and K Concentration. American Potato Journal,1992, 69, 95-104Google Scholar

  • MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development), Ethiopian Agricultural SectorPolice and Investment Framework (PIF) 2010- 2020, Draft Final Report. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2010Google Scholar

  • Moinuddin, Singh K., Bansal S.K., Pasricha N.S., Influence of graded levels of potassium on growth, yield and economic parameters of potato. J. of Plant Nutr., 2003, 35, 164-172Google Scholar

  • Moinuddin, Singh Komal, Bansal S.K., Growth yield and economics of potato in relation to progressive application of potassium fertilizer. J. of Plant Nutr., 2005, 28(1), 183-200Google Scholar

  • Naz F., Ali A., Iqbal Z., Akhtar N., Asghar S., Ahmad B., Effect of different levels of NPK fertilizers on the proximate composition of potato crop at Abbottabad.Sarhad J. Agric., 2011, 27(3), 353-356Google Scholar

  • SAS Institute Inc., SAS 9.2 stored processes developer‘s guide. Cary, NC, USA, 2009Google Scholar

  • Sharmila B.S.M., Malarvizi P.P., Thiyagarajan T.M., Nagendrarao B., Effect of Nitrogen, Potassium and Magnesium on Tuber Yield Grade and Quality of Potato Cv. Kufri Giriraj.18th World Congress of Soil Sci., 2006, July 9-15, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USAGoogle Scholar

  • Singh S.K., Lal S.S., Effect of Potassium Nutrition on Potato Yield, Quality and Nutrient Use Efficiency under Varied Levels of Nitrogen Application. Potato J., 2012, 39(2), 155-165Google Scholar

  • Talley E.A., Protein nutritive values of Potatoes are improved by fertilization with nitrogen. American Potato Journal, 1983, 60, 35-39CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Tawfik A.A., Potassium and Calcium Nutrition Improves Potato Production in Drip-irrigation Sandy Soil. African Crop Science Journal, 2001, 9(1), 147-155Google Scholar

  • Trehan S.P., Efficiency of potassium utilization from soil as influenced by different potato cultivars in the absence and presence of green manure (Sesbania aculeata). Advances. Horti. Sci., 2007, 21(3), 156-164Google Scholar

  • Umar S., Moinuddin, Effect of sources and rates of potassium application on potato yield and economic return. Better Crops International, 2001, 15(1), 13-15Google Scholar

  • Vreugdenhil D. Bradshaw J., Gebhardt Ch., Govers F. Mackerron D. K. L., Taylor M. A., Ros H. A., Potato biology and biotechnology. Advances and perspectives, 2007, 857Google Scholar

  • Yibekal A., Effects of Nitrogen and phosphorus on yield and yield components, and some quality traits of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Wondo Genet area. M.Sc Thesis, Alemaya University of Agriculture, Ethiopia, 1998Google Scholar

  • Yilma S., The potential of true potato seed in potato production in Ethiopia. Actae Hurticultre, 1991, 270, 389-394Google Scholar

  • Zelalem A., Tekalign T., Nigussie D., Response of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) to different rates of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on vertisols at Debre Berhan, in the central highlands of Ethiopia. African Journal of Plant Science, 2009, 3(2), 016-024Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-11-12

Accepted: 2017-03-05

Published Online: 2017-04-21

Published in Print: 2017-02-01


Citation Information: Open Agriculture, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 189–194, ISSN (Online) 2391-9531, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2017-0019.

Export Citation

© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
C. Karemangingo and D. E. Bugenimana
African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2018, Volume 13, Number 19, Page 988

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in