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Tolerance and nutrients consumption of Chlorella vulgaris growing in mineral medium and real wastewater under laboratory conditions

Franco Martínez María de Lourdes
  • Maestria en Sistemas Ambientales. Instituto Tecnologico de Durango. Felipe Pescador 1803 Ote, Nueva Vizcaya, 34080 Durango, Dgo, Mexico
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Rodríguez Rosales María Dolores Josefina
  • Maestria en Sistemas Ambientales. Instituto Tecnologico de Durango. Felipe Pescador 1803 Ote, Nueva Vizcaya, 34080 Durango, Dgo, Mexico
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Moreno Medina Cuauhtémoc Ulises / Martínez Roldán Alfredo de Jesús
  • Corresponding author
  • Maestria en Sistemas Ambientales. Instituto Tecnologico de Durango. Felipe Pescador 1803 Ote, Nueva Vizcaya, 34080 Durango, Dgo, Mexico
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  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2017-08-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2017-0042

Abstract

Microalgae have the potential of consuming high amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater; thus, avoiding the risk of eutrophication of the water bodies. Nevertheless, ammonium can usually inhibit the growth of microalgae. Tolerance to ammonium is specific of each strain; so, the development of tertiary wastewater treatment proposals, employing microalgae, has as a first step the study of its tolerance to N-NH3. In this work, the tolerance of Chlorella vulgaris to N-NH3, using mineral medium, was studied. Afterward, C. vulgaris was used to remove nitrogen and phosphorus from a real wastewater. The maximal biomass concentration was reached at 66 ppm N-NH3 (0.49 gL-1) with the complete depletion of the ammonium and a phosphorus consumption of 2 mgPi L-1d-1 in all the experiments. When C. vulgaris was grown in real wastewater, the final biomass concentration was 0.267 g L-1 and the nutrients (N and P) were totally consumed after 3 days. According with these results, this strain of Chlorella has the potential for the removal of nitrogen and phosphorus from tertiary wastewater and the biomass produced in the process can be used for the production of high value products, such as pigments, proteins, carbohydrate or used for animal feed.

Keywords: Nitrogen; Phosphorus; Bioremediation; Chlorella vulgaris

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About the article

Received: 2016-12-15

Accepted: 2017-05-02

Published Online: 2017-08-18

Published in Print: 2017-02-23


Citation Information: Open Agriculture, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 394–400, ISSN (Online) 2391-9531, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2017-0042.

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© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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