Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Agriculture

1 Issue per year

Covered by: Elsevier - SCOPUS
Clarivate Analytics - Emerging Sources Citation Index

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Growth and Quality of Green Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under Foliar Application of Organic-Chelate Fertilizers

Maryam Aslani / Mohammad Kazem Souri
Published Online: 2018-05-31 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2018-0015


Organic-based chelate fertilizers can effectively improve nutrient uptake and use efficiency of plants. In the present study, foliar applications of three organic-chelate fertilizers on green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants were compared to soil application of a mix chemical fertilizer (NPK) under greenhouse conditions. The treatments were foliar application (six sprays at 0.2% concentration) of Biomin, Humifolin, DelfonPlus, a mixture of micro and macronutrients, soil application of chemical fertilizer (NPK 0.5 g.kg-1 soil), and no fertilizer control. Foliar applications of organic-chelate fertilizers improved plant height, leaf area, shoot dry weight, leaf N and K concentration, pod number and pod yield compared to control plants. Pod soluble solids, vitamin C and total protein contents were significantly increased by foliar application of organic-chelate fertilizers. Soil applied NPK also improved green bean productivity compared to no fertilizer control. For most plant growth traits, there was no significant difference among the three organic-chelates. Foliar application of the macro- micro- nutrient mixture was not able to enhance the same growth, yield and pod quality traits like organic-chelates. Therefore, application of nutrient elements in form of organic-chelate and particularly by foliar application can guarantee better green bean plant performance.

Keywords : Amino acid; biofortification; fertilization; foliar feeding; nutrient uptake; pod quality; protein; vegetable


  • Abdul-Qados A.M.S., Effect of arginine on growth, yield and chemical constituents of wheat grown under salinity condition. Acad. J. Plant Sci., 2009, 2, 267-278Google Scholar

  • Ashmead H.D., Foliar Feeding of Plants with Amino Acid Chelates. Park Ridge: Noyes Publications, 1986Google Scholar

  • Ashraf M., Foolad M.R., Roles of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance. Envir. Exp. Bot., 2007, 59, 206-216Google Scholar

  • Atilio J.B., Causin H.F., The central role of amino acids on nitrogen utilization and plant growth. Plant Physiol., 1996, 149(3), 358-362Google Scholar

  • Bradford M.M., A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal. Biochem., 1976, 72, 248-254Google Scholar

  • Datir R.B., Apparao B.J., Laware S.L., Application of amino acid chelated micronutrients for enhancing growth and productivity in chili (Capsicum annum L.). Plant Sciences Feed, 2012, 2(7), 100-105Google Scholar

  • Fahimi F., SouriM.K., Yaghobi F., Growth and development of greenhouse cucumber under foliar application of Biomin and Humifolin fertilizers in comparison to their soil application and NPK. J. Sci. Techn. Greenhouse Cult., 2016, 7, 143-152Google Scholar

  • Fernández V., Ebert G ., Foliar iron fertilization: a critical review. Plant Nutr., 2005, 28, 2113-2124Google Scholar

  • Garcia A.L., Madrid R., Gimeno V., Rodriguez-Ortega W.M., Nicolas N., Garcia-Sanchez F., The effects of amino acids fertilization incorporated to the nutrient solution on mineral composition and growth in tomato seedlings. Spanish J. Agri. Res., 2011, 9(3), 852-861Google Scholar

  • Ghasemi S., Khoshgoftarmanesh A.H., Afyuni M., Hadadzadeh H., The effectiveness of foliar applications of synthesized Zn-amino acid chelates in comparison with Zn sulfate to increase yield and grain nutritional quality of wheat. Agronomy, 2013, 45, 68-74Google Scholar

  • Ghasemi S., Khoshgoftarmanesh A.H., Afyuni M., Iron(II)-amino acid chelates alleviate salt-stress induced oxidative damages on tomato grown in nutrient solution culture. Scientia Hort., 2014, 165, 91-98Google Scholar

  • Ghasemi S., Khoshgoftarmanesh A.H., Hadadzadeh H., Jafari M., Synthesis of iron-amino acid chelates and evaluation of their efficacy as iron source and growth stimulator for tomato in nutrient solution culture. J. Plant Growth Reg., 2012, 31(4), 498-508Google Scholar

  • Ghoname A.A., El-Bassiouny A.M., Abdel-Mawgoud A.M.R., El-Tohamy W.A., Gruda N., Growth, yield and blossom-end rot incidence in bell pepper as affected by P level and amino acid applications. GesundePflanzen, 2012, 64(1), 29-37Google Scholar

  • Keutgen A., Pawelzik E., Contribution of amino acids to strawberry fruit quality and their relevance as stress indicators under NaCl salinity. Food Chem., 2008, 111, 642-647Google Scholar

  • Machado F., Alves R.E., Fiqueiredo R.W., Application of 1-methylcyclopropene, calcium chloride and calcium amino acid chelate on fresh-cut cantaloupe muskmelon. Pesq. Agropec. Bras., 2008, 43, 569-574.Google Scholar

  • Marschner P., Marschner’s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, third ed., London, 2011Google Scholar

  • Moreira A., Moraes L.A.C., Yield, nutritional status and soil fertility cultivated with common bean in response to amino-acids foliar application. J. Plant Nutr., 2017, 40, 344-351Google Scholar

  • Naseri B., Aboutalebi A., Khademi R., Effects of calcium and micro-nutrients amino chelate on quantity and quality of ‘Kabkab’date fruit. Inter. J. Farm and Alli. Sci., 2013, 2, 1302-1306Google Scholar

  • Näsholm T., Kielland K., Ganeteg U., Uptake of organic nitrogen by plants. New Phytol., 2009, 182, 31-48Google Scholar

  • Sadak M., Abdoelhamid M.T., Schmidhalter U., Effect of foliar application of aminoacids on plant yield and some physiological parameters in bean plants irrigated with sea water. Acta Biol. Colomb., 2015, 20(1), 141-152Google Scholar

  • Souri M.K., Aminochelate fertilizers: the new approach to the old problem; a review. Open Agri., 2016, 1(1), 118-123Google Scholar

  • Souri M.K., Characterization of natural and synthetic nitrification inhibitors and their potential use in tomato culture. Ph. D. dissertation, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart-Germany, 2008Google Scholar

  • Souri M.K., YaghoubiSooraki F., Moghadamyar M., Growth and quality of cucumber, tomato, and green bean plants under foliar and soil applications of an aminochelate fertilizer. Hort. Environ. Biotech., 2017, 58(6), 530-536Google Scholar

  • Zhou Z., Zhou J., Li R., Wang H., Wang J. Effect of exogenous amino acids on Cu uptake and translocation in maize seedlings. Plant Soil, 2007, 292, 105-117Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-10-21

Accepted: 2018-03-19

Published Online: 2018-05-31

Citation Information: Open Agriculture, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 146–154, ISSN (Online) 2391-9531, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2018-0015.

Export Citation

© 2018 Maryam Aslani, Mohammad Kazem Souri, published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in