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Effects of Nitrogen Levels on Growth, Yield And Nitrogen use Efficiency Of Some Newly Released Egyptian Rice Genotypes

Adel M. Ghoneim
  • Corresponding author
  • Rice Research and Training Center, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gewaily E.E.
  • Rice Research and Training Center, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marvet M.A. Osman
  • Rice Research and Training Center, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-09-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2018-0034

Abstract

Application of appropriate level of nitrogen fertilization is a major objective to increase nitrogen use efficiency by rice varieties. Field experiments were conducted during 2016 and 2017 growing seasons to evaluate the efficiency of varying nitrogen fertilizer rates on growth and yield parameters, along with nitrogen use efficiency of some newly released rice varieties (Sakha 108) and some promising lines GZ9399-4-1-1-3-2-2, GZ10101- 5-1-1-1 and GZ10154-3-1-1-1. Five nitrogen levels (i.e. 0, 55, 110, 165 and 220 kg N ha-1) were used. The results from both growing seasons indicated that, Sakha 108 recorded the highest grain yield while GZ10154 and GZ10101 recorded the lowest grain yields. A linear increase in grain yield was observed with continuous rate increase of nitrogen from 0 to 220 kg ha-1, while 220 kg N ha-1 treatment showed maximum grain yield followed by 165 kg N ha-1, with control as minimum. Agronomic nitrogen use efficiency (AE) for studied rice genotypes varied significantly, and ranged from 3.63 to 32.9 and from 2.72 to 34.12 kg grain yield produced per kg of nitrogen applied in 2016 and 2017 respectively. Across N levels, GZ9399 recorded the highest values of AE for the nitrogen fertilizer rate of 165 kg N ha-1 in both seasons.

Keywords: Nitrogen fertilizer; rice varieties; growth rate; rice grain yield; Agronomic efficiency

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About the article

Received: 2018-05-28

Accepted: 2018-07-09

Published Online: 2018-09-19

Published in Print: 2018-09-01


Citation Information: Open Agriculture, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 310–318, ISSN (Online) 2391-9531, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2018-0034.

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