Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Agriculture

1 Issue per year

Covered by: Elsevier - SCOPUS
Clarivate Analytics - Emerging Sources Citation Index

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2391-9531
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Growth and Fruit Biochemical Characteristics of Three Strawberry Genotypes under Different Potassium Concentrations of Nutrient Solution

Ghasem Tohidloo / Mohammad Kazem Souri / Samaneh Eskandarpour
Published Online: 2018-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2018-0039

Abstract

A nutrient solution experiment was performed to evaluate the growth, yield and fruit biochemical characteristics of strawberry under different potassium levels of nutrient solution. Potassium concentrations including 235 (control), 350, 450 and 600 mg L-1 were applied to three strawberry genotypes of Camarosa, Selva and Parus under hydroponic culture. In the three genotypes, the maximum leaf area was observed at 350 mg L-1 K, and the maximum shoot fresh weight was either at 350 mg L-1 (in Camarosa and Parus) or at 400 mg L-1 (in Selva). In Selva, higher yield was produced by higher K concentrations than control (17-33%) and in Camarosa, the maximum yield was produced at 350 mg L-1 (16%), whereas fruit yield in Parus was not affected by K concentrations. In Selva and Parus application of 350 mg L-1 potassium produced more fruits than control. The maximum fruit vitamin C content in Camarosa and Selva was at 350 mg L-1, and in Parus at 450 mg L-1, while the significant lowest in three genotypes was at 600 mg L-1. Fruit titratable acidity and pH in Camarosa and Selva, and fruit TSS in Parus were not affected by K levels. Fruit total soluble solids (TSS) in Camarosa and Selva were maximum in 350 and 450 mg L-1. Increasing K concentrations of nutrient solution increased leaf and fruit K concentration than control. The results indicate that overall plant growth and fruit quality of three strawberry genotypes were increased by 350 mg L-1 potassium, while application of 600 mg L-1 reduced most traits than control. The Selva genotype had also a better response to higher concentration of K than two other genotypes.

Keywords: fertilization; fortification; fruit quality; hydroponic; Camarosa; Parus; plant nutrition; Selva

References

  • Aslani, M., Souri M.K., Growth and quality of green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under foliar application of organic-chelate fertilizers. Open Agri., 2018, 3(1), 146-154Google Scholar

  • Cerda A., Pardines J., Botella M.A., Martinez V., Effect of potassium on growth, water relations, and the inorganic and organic solute contents for two maize cultivars grown under saline conditions. J. Plant Nutrition, 2008, 18(4), 839-851Google Scholar

  • Demiral M., Koseoglu A., Effect of potassium on yield, fruit quality, and chemical composition of greenhouse-grown galia melon. J. Plant Nutrition, 2005, 28, 93-100Google Scholar

  • El-Bassiony A.M., Effect of potassium fertilization on growth, yield and quality of onion plants. J. Applied Sciences Research, 2006, 2(10), 780-785Google Scholar

  • Ebrahimi R., Souri M.K., Ebrahimi F., Ahmadizadeh M., Growth and yield of strawberries under different potassium concentrations of hydroponic system in three substrates. World Appl. Sci. J, 2012, 16(10), 1380-1386Google Scholar

  • Fageria N.K., Barbosa Filho M.P., Da Costa J.G.C., Potassium use efficiency in common bean genotypes. J. Plant Nutrition, 2007, 24(12), 1937-1945Google Scholar

  • Ghazi N., Al-Karaki, Growth, water use efficiency and sodium and potassium acquisition by tomato cultivars grown under salt stress. J. Plant Nutrition, 2008, 23(1), 1-8Google Scholar

  • Hartz T.K., Miyao G., Mullen R.J., Cahn M.D., Valenyat Cia J., Brittan K.L., Potassium requirements for maximum yield and fruit quality of processing tomato. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 1999, 124, 199-204Google Scholar

  • Hoagland D.R., Arnon D.I., The water-culture method for growing plants without soil. California Agricultural Experiment Station Circular, 1950, 347, 1-32Google Scholar

  • Human C., Kotze A., Effect of nitrogen and potassium fertilization on strawberries in an annual hill culture system: 3. Leaf nutrient levels. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 1990, 21, 795-810CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kaya C., Ak B.E., Higgs D., Response of salt-stressed strawberry plants to supplementary calcium nitrate and/or potassium nitrate. J. Plant Nutrition, 2003, 26(3), 543-560Google Scholar

  • Kaya C., Kirnak H., Higgs D., Effects of supplementary potassium and phosphorus on physiological development and mineral nutrition of cucumber and pepper cultivars grown at high salinity (NaCl). J. Plant Nutrition, 2001, 24(9), 1457-1471Google Scholar

  • Khayyat M., Tafazoli E., Rajaee S., Vazifeshenas M., Mahmoodabadi M.R., Sajjadinia A., Effects of NaCl and supplementary potassium on gas exchange, ionic content, and growth of salt-stressed strawberry plants. J. Plant Nutrition, 2009, 32(6), 907-918Google Scholar

  • Lester G.E., Jifon J.L., Makus D.J., Supplemental foliar potassium applications with or without a surfactant can enhance netted muskmelon quality. HortScience, 2006, 41(3), 741-744Google Scholar

  • Lin D., Huang D., Wang S., Effects of potassium levels on fruit quality of muskmelon in soilless medium culture. Scientia Horticulturae, 2004, 102, 53-60CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mardanlu S., Souri M.K., Dehnavard S., Evaluation of quantity and quality characteristics of chili pepper fruit under different potassium levels of nutrient solution in hydroponic culture. Iranian J. of Soil Research, 2014, 28, 397-406Google Scholar

  • Mardanluo S., Souri M.K., Ahmadi M., Plant growth and fruit quality of two pepper cultivars under different potassium levels of nutrient solutions. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 2018, 41(12), 1604-1614CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Marschner H., Marschner’s mineral nutrition of higher plants. Third Edition, Academic Press, London, 2011Google Scholar

  • Rubio J.S., Garcia-Sanchez F., Flores P., Navarro J.M., Martinez V., Yield and fruit quality of sweet pepper in response to fertilization with Ca2+ and K+. Spanish J. Agricultural Research, 2010, 8(1), 170-177Google Scholar

  • San Bautista A., Loez-Galarza S., Mart nez A., Pascual B., Maroto J.V., Influence of cation proportions of the nutrient solution on tipburn incidence in strawberry plants. J. Plant Nutrition, 2009, 32, 1527-1539Google Scholar

  • Souri M.K., Aminochelate fertilizers: the new approach to the old problem; a review, Open Agri., 2016, 1, 118-123Google Scholar

  • Walter A.J., Difonzo D.C., Soil potassium deficiency affects soybean phloem nitrogen and soybean aphid populations. Environ. Entomology, 2007, 36, 26-33Google Scholar

  • Yildrim E., Karlidag H., Turan M., Mitigation of salt stress in strawberry by foliar K, Ca and Mg nutrient supply. Plant Soil Environ., 2009, 55, 213-221Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Zivdar S.H., Arzani K., Souri M.K., Moallemi N., Seyyednejad S.M., Physiological and biochemical response of olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivars to foliar potassium application. J. Agr. Sci. Tech., 2016, 18, 1897-1908.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2018-05-08

Accepted: 2018-08-16

Published Online: 2018-09-25

Published in Print: 2018-09-01


Citation Information: Open Agriculture, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 356–362, ISSN (Online) 2391-9531, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2018-0039.

Export Citation

© by Ghasem Tohidloo et al., published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in