Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …
Open Access

Open Archaeology

Editor-in-Chief: Harding, Anthony

Covered by:
Clarivate Analytics - Emerging Sources Citation Index

CiteScore 2018: 1.30

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.339
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.726

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Bringing Impossible Places to the Public: Three Ideas for Rupestrian Churches in Goreme, Kapadokya Utilizing a Digital Survey, 3D Printing, and Augmented Reality

Giorgio Verdiani
Published Online: 2015-04-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2015-0007


The churches of St. Eustache, the Meryemana and St. Daniel are located in the Göreme area in Kapadokya, Turkey. Each of the three structures is composed of a main church with a refuge system. Nowadays these churches have limited access: they cannot be visited by a common tourist. Thus, they are a meaningful sample of rupestrian architecture, containing important mural paintings and suggestive spaces. Using digital survey techniques, 3D modelling and 3D printing to produce physical copies from the originals, this research project tries to find articulate and well working solutions to bring these architectural structures to the public.

Keywords: Kapadokya; Turkey; 3D Laser Scanner; Rupestrian; Churches


  • [1] Andaloro M., Pignatale T., Verdiani G., “The church of Meryem Ana in Göreme, Cappadocia, correct documentation for a meaningful heritage at risk”, in “Cultural Heriage and New Technologies 18”, Vienna AT, 2013. Google Scholar

  • [2] Bertuglia C. S., Bertuglia F., Magnaghi A., Il museo tra reale e virtuale, Editori Riuniti, Roma IT, 1999. Google Scholar

  • [3] Carême M. A., Le Pâtissier pittoresque, précédé d’un traité des cinq orders d’architecture Paris, 1828; 4th edition, Paris, 1842. Google Scholar

  • [4] Andaloro M., Project on the rock paintings in Cappadocia. The Forty Martyrs in Şahinefendi (Report 2009). Araştirma Sonuçlari Toplantisi, Istanbul, 24-28 May 2010, T.C. Kultur ve Turizm Bakanligi Yayinlari, Ankara, 28, pp. 155-172, 2010. Google Scholar

  • [5] Chiesi R., Tursi M., Pasolini, Callas e Medea, Ta Mamete, Bologna, 2007. Google Scholar

  • [6] Ferrara G., Rizzo G. G., Zoppi M., Paesaggio: didattica, ricerche e progetti (1997-2007), Firenze University Press, Firenze, 2007. Google Scholar

  • [7] Forte, M., Pescarin, S., Pujol Tost, L., “VR applications, new devices and museums: visitors’ feedback and learning. A preliminary report”. In: M. Ioannides, D. Arnold, F. Niccolucci, K. Mania (eds.), The 7th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage - VAST, 2006. Google Scholar

  • [8] Law, E., Roto, V., Hassenzahl, M., Vermeeren, A., & Kort, J., “Understanding, Scoping and Defining User Experience: A Survey Approach”. In: Proceedings of Human Factors in Computing Systems conference, 2009. Google Scholar

  • [9] Pecchioli L., Verdiani G. , Pucci M. , Mazzei B., “MuPris: Museum of Sarcophagi at the Catacombs of Priscilla in Rome, Italy”. In: Franken-Wendelstorf R., Lindinger E., Sieck J., Kultur und lnformatik. Reality and Virtuality, XII Conference Culture and Computer Science, VWH, Berlin DE 2014. Google Scholar

  • [10] Pescarin, S., Pagano, A., Wallergard, M., Hupperetz, W., Ray, C., “Evaluating Virtual Museums: Archeovirtual case study”. In: Proceedings of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, CAA 2012, Southampton, UK. Google Scholar

  • [11] Pietroni, E., “Natural interaction in VR environments for Cultural Heritage: the virtual reconstruction of the Regolini Galassi Tomb in Cerveteri”. In: Archeologia&Calcolatori (nr. 24, 2013). Google Scholar

  • [12] Cignoni P., Montani C., Rocchini C., Scopigno R., Tarini M., Preserving attribute values on simplified meshes by re-sampling detail textures The Visual Computer, Springer International, Vol. 15 (10), 519-539, 1999. Google Scholar

  • [13] Schiller J., “Human evolution: Neanderthals & Homosapiens”. Emilie M. Smyth, United States of America, 2010. Google Scholar

  • [14] Verdiani G. (editor), “Il ritorno all’immagine, nuove procedure image based per il Cultural Heritage” Lulu.com, 2010 Google Scholar

  • [15] Jolivet-Lévy C., Les églises byzantines de Cappadoce: le programme iconographique de l’abside et de ses abords, Paris, 1991. Google Scholar

  • [16] Jolivet-Lévy C., La Cappadoce médiévale: images et spiritualité, Saint-Léger-Vauban 2001, trad. it. L’arte della Cappadocia, Milano, 2002. Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2014-11-27

Accepted: 2015-01-29

Published Online: 2015-04-16

Citation Information: Open Archaeology, Volume 1, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2300-6560, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2015-0007.

Export Citation

© 2015 Giorgio Verdiani. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Reşat Ulusay and Ömer Aydan
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in