Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …
Open Access

Open Archaeology

Editor-in-Chief: Harding, Anthony


Covered by:
Clarivate Analytics - Emerging Sources Citation Index
ERIH PLUS

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-6560
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Re-Presenting the Past: A New Archaeological Outreach Strategy for the Canadian Territory of Nunavut

Brendan Griebel / Torsten Diesel / Tim Rast
Published Online: 2016-12-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2016-0021

Abstract

In 2013, an Arctic-based organization known as the Inuit Heritage Trust spearheaded a new campaign to increase archaeological awareness in the Canadian territory of Nunavut. While Nunavut remains an Inuit-centered territory—founded on the knowledge and values that have long sustained its predominantly Inuit population—the rules and regulations surrounding archaeological resources are largely grounded in more scientific, and distinctly non-Inuit, valuations of the past. For multiple reasons, Inuit and non-Inuit traditions for understanding and preserving heritage resources have proved difficult to reconcile, despite numerous attempts at community outreach programs and the regular hosting of archaeological fieldschools. For many Inuit, the methodological and impersonal approach to history endorsed by incoming archaeologists remains a foreign concept. This paper will present a series of community resources developed as part of the Inuit Heritage Trust’s new archaeological awareness campaign, produced in partnership with archaeologists Brendan Griebel and Tim Rast. These resources seek to address the question of how to educate about Nunavut’s past through a framework that aligns with the interests and realities of both professional archaeologists and Inuit populations. To date, this campaign has produced two unique resources: the first, a guidebook series that explores archaeology’s relevance to community members, students and heritage workers in Nunavut, and the second, a portable excavation and experimental archaeology kit. While the campaign does not intend to change the way that either Inuit or archaeologists value the past, it does attempt to create a mutual awareness of differing worldview so that both groups might better navigate the complex landscape of regulation and interaction ascribed to Nunavut’s heritage resources.

Keywords: Nunavut; Inuit; community archaeology; indigenous heritage; public archaeology; Inuit Heritage Trust; experimental archaeology

References

  • Anawak, J. (1989). Inuit Perceptions of the Past. In Layton, R. (Ed.), Who Needs the Past: Indigenous Values and Archaeology (pp. 45-51). London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar

  • Arnold, C. and Stenton, D. (2002). New Archaeological Regulations for the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, Canada. Revista de Arqueología Americana, 21, pp.33-43.Google Scholar

  • Briggs, J. (1992). Lines, Cycles and Transformations: Temporal Perspectives on Inuit Action. In Wallman, S. (Ed.), Contemporary Futures. Perspectives from Social Anthropology (pp. 83-108). London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Brown, S. (n.d.). AIA Basics of Archaeology for Simulated Dig Users. Accessed January 2016. https://www.archaeological.org/ education/lessons/simulateddigsGoogle Scholar

  • Dawson, P., Levy, R., Lyons, N. (2011). Breaking the fourth wall’: 3D virtual worlds as tools for knowledge repatriation in archaeology. Journal of Social Archaeology, 11(3), pp. 387–402.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Fitzhugh, W., Loring, S. (2002). Introduction. In Fitzhugh, W., Loring, S., Odess, D. (Eds.), Honoring Our Elders: A History of Eastern Arctic Archaeology (pp.1-33). Washington: Arctic Studies Center.Google Scholar

  • Friesen, M. (2002). Analogues at Iqaluktuuq: the social context of archaeological inference in Nunavut, Arctic Canada. World Archaeology, 34(2): pp.211-219.Google Scholar

  • Gadoua, M. (2014). Making Sense through Touch: Handling Collections with Inuit Elders and the McCord Museum. The Senses & Society, 9 (3), pp. 323-341.Google Scholar

  • Graburn, N. (1998). Weirs in the River of Time: The Development of Historical Consciousness among Canadian Inuit. Museum Anthropology, 22 (1), pp. 18-3.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Griebel, B. (2010). A Conflict of Interest: A Case Study for Community Archaeology in the Canadian Arctic. MUSEUM International, 62 (1‐2), pp.75-80.Google Scholar

  • Griebel, B. (2013a). Negotiating Northern Pasts: One Archaeologist’s Reflections on Learning to Teach History in Nunavut. Canadian Issues, Winter 2013, pp. 14-19.Google Scholar

  • Griebel, B. (2013b). Re-charting the Courses of History: Mapping Concepts of Community, Archaeology, and Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit in the Canadian Territory of Nunavut. Doctoral Dissertation. Retrieved from University of Toronto database.Google Scholar

  • Helmer, J., Lemoine, G. (2002). The 1992 Permitting “Crisis” in Eastern Arctic Archaeology. In Fitzhugh, W., Loring, S., Odess, D. (Eds.), Honoring Our Elders: A History of Eastern Arctic Archaeology (pp.253-260). Washington: Arctic Studies Center.Google Scholar

  • Hoffman, G. (2010). Dig It!: Discovering Archaeology. A Standards-Linked Resource Packet for Teachers. Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology. Brown University.Google Scholar

  • Hollowell, J. (2006). Moral arguments on subsistence digging, In Scarre, C. and Scarre, G. (Eds.), The Ethics of Archaeology: Philosophical Perspectives on Archaeological Practice (pp. 69-93). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Huntington, H. (2005). We Dance Around in a Ring and Suppose: Academic Engagement with Traditional Knowledge. Arctic Anthropology, 42(1): pp. 29–32.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • IHT and NDE (Inuit Heritage Trust and Nunavut Department of Education). (2005) Arctic Peoples and Archaeology. http://www. taloyoaknunavut.ca/arch/splash3.htmlGoogle Scholar

  • Jones, A. (2007). Memory and Material Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Loring, S. (2008). The Wind Blows Everything Off the Ground: New Provisions and New Directions in Archaeological Research in the North. In Killion, T. (Ed.), Opening Archaeology: the Impact of Repatriation on the Discipline (pp. 181– 194). Santa Fe, New Mexico: School of American Research.Google Scholar

  • Lyons, N. (2013). Where the Winds Blow Us: Practicing Critical Community Archaeology in the Canadian North. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar

  • Lyons, N., Dawson, P., Walls, M., Uluadluak, D., Angalik, L., Kalluak, M., Kigusiutuak, P., Kiniksi, L., Karetak, J., Suluk, L. (2010). Person, Place, Memory, Thing: How Inuit Elders are Informing Archaeological Practice in the Canadian North. Canadian Journal of Archaeology, 34, pp.1–31.Google Scholar

  • McCartney, A. (Ed.) (1979). Archaeological Whale Bone: A Northern Resource. First Report of the Thule Archaeology Conservation Project. Anthropological Papers 1.Fayetteville: University of ArkansasGoogle Scholar

  • Nickels, S., Shirley, J., and Laidler, G. (Eds.) (2007) Negotiating Research Relationships with Inuit Communities: A Guide for Researchers, Ottawa and Iqaluit: Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami and Nunavut Research Institute.Google Scholar

  • NLCA (Nunavut Land Claims Agreement) (1993). Agreement Between the Inuit of the Nunavut Settlement Area and Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada.Google Scholar

  • Pye, E. (Ed.) (2008). The Power of Touch: Handling Objects in Museum and Heritage Context. University College London Institute of Archaeology Publications. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar

  • Rockman, M. and Flatman, J. (Eds.) (2011) Archaeology in Society: Its Relevance in the Modern World. New York: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Rowley, S. (2002). Inuit Participation in the Archaeology of Nunavut. In Fitzhugh, W., Loring, S., Odess, D. (Eds.), Honoring Our Elders: A History of Eastern Arctic Archaeology, (261-272). Washington: Arctic Studies Center.Google Scholar

  • Sejersen, F. (2004). Horizons of Sustainability in Greenland: Inuit Landscapes of Memory and Vision. Arctic Anthropology. 41(1). pp.71-89.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Stenton, D. (2003). Guidelines for Applicants and Holders of Nunavut Territory Archaeology and Palaeontology Permits. Government of Nunavut, Department of Culture, Language, Elders and Youth.Google Scholar

  • Stenton, D. and Rigby, B. (1995). Community-Based Heritage Education, Training, and Research: Preliminary Report on the Tungatsivvik Archaeological Project. Arctic, 48, pp. 47-56.Google Scholar

  • Stewart, A., Keith, D., Scottie, J. (2004). Caribou Crossings and Cultural Meanings: Placing Traditional Knowledge and Archaeology in Context in an Inuit Landscape. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 11(2): pp. 183-211.Google Scholar

  • Weetaluktuk, D. (1980). A Comment on the Conflicts Between Anthropologists and Inuit.Google Scholar

  • Manuscript, 11 pp. Paper presented at the Second Inuit Studies Conference, October 2, 1980, Université Laval, Québec. Research Department, Makivik Corporation, Inukjuak, Québec.Google Scholar

  • Weetaluktuk, D. (1981). Potential Role of Inuit in Northern Research. Manuscript,” 7 pp. Makivik Research Department, Inukjuak, Québec.Google Scholar

  • Wenzel, G. (2004). From TEK to IQ: Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit and Inuit Cultural Ecology. Arctic Anthropology, 41(2), pp.238-250. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-01-15

Accepted: 2016-11-21

Published Online: 2016-12-14


Citation Information: Open Archaeology, Volume 2, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2300-6560, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2016-0021.

Export Citation

© 2016 Brendan Griebel et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in