Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …
Open Access

Open Archaeology

Editor-in-Chief: Harding, Anthony


Covered by:
Clarivate Analytics - Emerging Sources Citation Index
ERIH PLUS

CiteScore 2018: 1.30

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.339
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.726

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-6560
See all formats and pricing
More options …

PXRF Determination of the Obsidian Industry from the S–F Area of Piani della Corona EBA Settlement (Bagnara Calabra–RC, South Italy)

Sara Marino / Elena Natali / Robert H. Tykot
  • Department of Anthropology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620, United States of America
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Andrea Vianello
Published Online: 2017-10-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2017-0016

Abstract

Archaeological excavations in the S-F area of Piani della Corona settlement have affected a portion of 2200 m2 of a large plateau (490 m asl). The researches, conducted between 2007 and 2008 by the Superintendence of the Museo Preistorico Etnografico “L. Pigorini” with the Archaeological Superintendence of Calabria, have revealed traces of a large village from the EBA. Before settling in the EBA, human groups belonging Recent Neolithic frequented the plateau. Two burials located near the Bronze Age ditch belong to this period, and there are also sporadic ceramic fragments recovered from the huts. The importance of Piani della Corona is mainly due to its strategic location, serving as a bridge between Calabria, Sicily and the Aeolian Islands, as proven by the archaeological record. A very important role was provided by the obsidian industry, dated after the most distinctive archaeological ceramics class, to the EBA. Out of the 238 obsidian tools found in the S-F area (blades, cores and amorphous splinters), 88 artifacts were analyzed by pXRF. Their chemical determination made it possible to clarify the procurement dynamics and exchange routes with the Aeolian Islands for the EBA, integrating new data in an on-going research.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: EBA network; pXRF; obsidian; Aeolian Islands; Sicily; Tyrrhenian Sea; sociocultural influences; Gabellotto

References

  • Agostino, R. (2011). Il basso Tirreno reggino tre l’età del Bronzo e del Ferro. In G. De Sensi Sestito, S. Mancuso (Ed.), Enotri e Brettii in Magna Grecia. (pp. 77-93). Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino.Google Scholar

  • Alberti, G. (2013). A Bayesian 14C chronology of Early and Middle Bronze Age in Sicily. Towards an independent absolute dating. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40 (5), 2502-2514, Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2012.08.014CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ardesia, V. (2013-14). La cultura di Rodì-Tindari-Vallelunga in Sicilia: origini, diffusione e cronologia alla luce dei recenti studi. Parte 1-2. Ipotesi di Preistoria, 6, 35-170.Google Scholar

  • Bernabò Brea, L. (1966). Abitato neolitico e insediamento maltese dell’età del Bronzo nell’isola di Ognina (Siracusa) e i rapporti fra la Sicilia e Malta dal XVI al XIII sec. a.C. Kokalos, XII, 40-69.Google Scholar

  • Bernabò Brea, L., & Cavalier, M. (1980). Meligunìs Lipára IV: L’acropoli di Lipari nella preistoria. Palermo.Google Scholar

  • Bernabò Brea, L., & Cavalier, M. (1991). Meligunìs Lipára VI: Filicudi. Palermo.Google Scholar

  • Brunelli, D., Levi, S.T., Fragnoli, P., et al. (2013). Bronze Age pottery from the Aeolian Islands: definition of Temper Compositional Reference Units by an integrated mineralogical and microchemical approach, Appl. Phys. A, Doi:10.1007/s00339-013-7775-3CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Cannavò, V., Di Renzoni, A., Ferranti, F., et al. (2017). L’età del Bronzo a Stromboli: il villaggio terrazzato di San Vincenzo come avamposto nord-orientale dell’arcipelago eoliano. Scienze dell’Antichità, 22 (2), 297-313.Google Scholar

  • Cann, J.R., & Renfrew, A.C. (1964). The Characterization of Obsidian and its Application to the Mediterranean Region. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 30, 111-133.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Cattani, M., Nicoletti, F., & Tusa, S. (2012). Resoconto preliminare degli scavi dell’insediamento di Mursia (Pantelleria). Proccedings of the XLI Riunione Scientifica IIPP. (pp. 637-651). Firenze: IIPP.Google Scholar

  • Cattani, M. (2016). Il villaggio del bronzo di Mursia (Pantelleria): strategie insediative e aspetti culturali. Scienze dell’Antichità, 22 (2), 387-402.Google Scholar

  • Craig, N., Speakman, R.J., Popelka-Filcoff, R.S. et al. (2007). Comparison of XRF and PXRF for analysis of archaeological obsidian from southern Perú. Journal of Archaeological Science, 34 (12), 2012-2024. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2007.01.015CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Fragnoli, P., Capriglione, C., Jung, R., et al. (2014). Before sampling: systematic procedures of macroscopic pottery classification within the Punta Zambrone (VV) research project. Quaderni del Centro Studi Magna Grecia, 19, 293-310.Google Scholar

  • Fragnoli, P., Brunelli, D., Levi, S.T., et al. (2012). Scambi ceramici nei contesti Capo Graziano delle isole Eolie: dati petrografici e petrologici a confronto. In G. Vezzalini, P. Zannini (Ed.), Proceedings of the A.I.Ar 2012, VII Congresso Nazionale di Archeometria. Bologna: Pàtron Editore 2012, pp. 122-136.Google Scholar

  • Marino, D., & Pacciarelli, M. (1996). Calabria. In D. Cocchi Genick (Ed.), L’antica età del bronzo. (pp. 147-162). Firenze: OCTAVO.Google Scholar

  • Marino, S. (2016). L’insediamento dell’antica Età del Bronzo di Piani della Corona (Bagnara Calabra, RC). Lo studio dei materiali dalle Aree S-F (Unpublished MA dissertation). Università degli Studi della Basilicata. Scuola di Specializzazione in Beni Archeologici, Matera.Google Scholar

  • Martinelli, M.C., Fiorentino, G., Prosdocimi, B., et al. (2010). Nuove ricerche nell’insediamento sull’Istmo di Filo Braccio a Filicudi. Origini, XXXII, 285-314.Google Scholar

  • Orange, M., Le Bourdonnec, F.X., Bellot-Gurlet, L., et al. (2017). On sourcing obsidian assemblages from the Mediterranean area: analytical strategies for their exhaustive geochemical characterisation, Journal of Archaeological Science, 12, 834-844. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.06.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pacciarelli, M., Scarano, T., & Crispino, A. (2015). The transition between the Copper and Bronze Ages in southern Italy and Sicily. In H. Meller et al. (Ed.), 2200 BC - A climatic breakdown as a cause for the collapse of the world?, Proceedings of 7th Archeological Conference of Central Germany, 23-26 October 2014, Halle (Saale), Germany. Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt, pp. 253-282.Google Scholar

  • Tigano, G. (2009). Mylai II. Scavi e ricerche nell’area urbana (1996-2005). Messina. Google Scholar

  • Tykot, R.H., Freund, K.P., & Vianello, A. (2013). Source Analysis of Prehistoric Obsidian Artifacts in Sicily (Italy) using pXRF. In R.A. Armitage & J.H. Burton (Ed.), Archaeological Chemistry VIII. (pp. 195-210). ACS Symposium Series 1147. Washington DC: American Chemical Society.Google Scholar

  • Tykot, R.H. (2016). Using non-destructive portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometers on stone, ceramics, metals, and other materials in museums: advantages and limitations. Applied Spectroscopy, 70 (1), 42-56.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-12-03

Accepted: 2017-06-06

Published Online: 2017-10-18

Published in Print: 2017-10-26


Citation Information: Open Archaeology, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 255–262, ISSN (Online) 2300-6560, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2017-0016.

Export Citation

© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Supplementary Article Materials

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in