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PXRF Determination of the Obsidian Industry from the S–F Area of Piani della Corona EBA Settlement (Bagnara Calabra–RC, South Italy)

Sara Marino / Elena Natali / Robert H. Tykot
  • Department of Anthropology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620, United States of America
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Andrea Vianello
Published Online: 2017-10-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2017-0016


Archaeological excavations in the S-F area of Piani della Corona settlement have affected a portion of 2200 m2 of a large plateau (490 m asl). The researches, conducted between 2007 and 2008 by the Superintendence of the Museo Preistorico Etnografico “L. Pigorini” with the Archaeological Superintendence of Calabria, have revealed traces of a large village from the EBA. Before settling in the EBA, human groups belonging Recent Neolithic frequented the plateau. Two burials located near the Bronze Age ditch belong to this period, and there are also sporadic ceramic fragments recovered from the huts. The importance of Piani della Corona is mainly due to its strategic location, serving as a bridge between Calabria, Sicily and the Aeolian Islands, as proven by the archaeological record. A very important role was provided by the obsidian industry, dated after the most distinctive archaeological ceramics class, to the EBA. Out of the 238 obsidian tools found in the S-F area (blades, cores and amorphous splinters), 88 artifacts were analyzed by pXRF. Their chemical determination made it possible to clarify the procurement dynamics and exchange routes with the Aeolian Islands for the EBA, integrating new data in an on-going research.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: EBA network; pXRF; obsidian; Aeolian Islands; Sicily; Tyrrhenian Sea; sociocultural influences; Gabellotto


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About the article

Received: 2016-12-03

Accepted: 2017-06-06

Published Online: 2017-10-18

Published in Print: 2017-10-26

Citation Information: Open Archaeology, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 255–262, ISSN (Online) 2300-6560, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2017-0016.

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© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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