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Open Archaeology

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Archaeoacoustic Research of Ljubostinja and Naupara Medieval Monastic Churches

Zorana Đorđević / Dragan Novković
Published Online: 2019-07-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2019-0018

Abstract

The overall experience of religious practice is significantly affected by the acoustical properties of temples. Divine service is the most important act in the Orthodox Church, which equally demands intelligibility of speech for preaching and as well as adequate acoustics for Byzantine chanting as a form of a song-prayer. In order to better understand and contribute to unlocking the role of sound in these historical sacral spaces, this paper explores the acoustics of two well-preserved Orthodox churches, from Ljubostinja and Naupara monastery, built in the last building period of medieval Serbia (1371–1459). These represent two types of the Morava architectural style – triconch combined with a developed and compressed inscribed cross, respectively. Using EASERA software, we measured the impulse response for two sound source positions – in the altar and in the southern chanting apse, as the main points from which the Orthodox service is carried out. Thus obtained acoustic parameters (RT, EDT, C50 and STI) were further analysed, pointing out the differences in experiencing sound between naos and narthex, as well as how the position of the sound source influenced the experience of sound. Finally, we compared the results with previous archaeoacoustic research of the churches from the same building period.

Keywords: acoustic heritage; Orthodox Church acoustics; Morava architectural style; medieval Serbia; architectural heritage

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About the article

Received: 2019-02-18

Accepted: 2019-05-01

Published Online: 2019-07-30

Published in Print: 2019-01-01


Citation Information: Open Archaeology, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 274–283, ISSN (Online) 2300-6560, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opar-2019-0018.

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© 2019 Zorana Đorđević et al., published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Public License. BY 4.0

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