Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Organic Photonics and Photovoltaics

Editor-in-Chief: Facchetti, Antonio

Ed. by Ponomarenko, Sergei

1 Issue per year


Emerging Science

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2299-3177
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Improving the layer morphology of solution-processed perylene diimide organic solar cells with the use of a polymeric interlayer

Ranbir Singh
  • Centre for Nanoscience and Technology@PoliMi, Fondazione Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via Giovanni Pascoli 70/3, 20133 Milano, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marta M. Mróz
  • Instituto Madrileno de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia (IMDEA-Nanociencia), c/Faraday 9, Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Fabio Di Fonzo
  • Centre for Nanoscience and Technology@PoliMi, Fondazione Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via Giovanni Pascoli 70/3, 20133 Milano, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Juan Cabanillas-Gonzalez
  • Instituto Madrileno de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia (IMDEA-Nanociencia), c/Faraday 9, Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Enrico Marchi
  • Department of Chemistry ”G. Ciamician” University of Bologna, Via Selmi 2, 40126 Bologna, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Giacomo Bergamini
  • Centre for Nanoscience and Technology@PoliMi, Fondazione Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via Giovanni Pascoli 70/3, 20133 Milano, Italy
  • Department of Chemistry ”G. Ciamician” University of Bologna, Via Selmi 2, 40126 Bologna, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Klaus Müllen / Josemon Jacob
  • Centre for Polymer Science & Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Panagiotis E. Keivanidis
  • Centre for Nanoscience and Technology@PoliMi, Fondazione Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via Giovanni Pascoli 70/3, 20133 Milano, Italy
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-10-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/oph-2013-0003

Abstract

Herein we demonstrate a method to improve the power conversion efficiency (PCE) parameter of organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices based on the electron acceptor N,N’-bis(1- ethylpropyl)-perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide (PDI) blended with the electron donor poly(indenofluorene)-aryloctyl (PIF-Aryl). The device parameters of the short-circuit current, open-circuit voltage and fill factor are found increased after the insertion of a thin poly [9, 9-dioctylfluorene-co-N- [4-(3-methylpropyl)]-diphenylamine] (TFB) photoactive interlayer between the hole-collecting electrode and the photoactive layer of the device. Unlike to most of the cases where interlayers serve as charge extractors, in our system the polymeric interlayer serves as a morphology modifying agent that drives the PDI component to segregate better at the interface with the device cathode; that is at the carrier-collecting electrode interface, which is not in physical contact with the interlayer. The processes of energy/charge transfer of the TFB excitons to/with the PIF-Aryl:PDI top-layer are also addressed. Charge transfer reactions dominate at the TFB/PIF-Aryl:PDI interface but no significant contribution in the photocurrent generation is seen in the photoaction spectra of the bilayer device.

  • [1] G. Li, R. Zhu and Y. Yang, Polymer solar cells, Nature Photonics, 2012, 6, 153-161. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] G. Dennler, M. C. Scharber and C. J. Brabec, Advanced Materials, 2009, 21, 1323-1338. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] Z. C. He, C. M. Zhong, X. Huang, W. Y. Wong, H. B. Wu, L. W. Chen, S. J. Su and Y. Cao, Advanced Materials, 2011, 23, 4636. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Y. Y. Liang, Z. Xu, J. B. Xia, S. T. Tsai, Y. Wu, G. Li, C. Ray and L. P. Yu, Advanced Materials, 2010, 22, E135-E138. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] E. J. Zhou, M. Nakamura, T. Nishizawa, Y. Zhang, Q. S. Wei, K. Tajima, C. H. Yang and K. Hashimoto, Macromolecules, 2008, 41, 8302-8305. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] C. H. Woo, P. M. Beaujuge, T. W. Holcombe, O. P. Lee and J. M. J. Frechet, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2010, 132, 15547-15549. Google Scholar

  • [7] J. Peet, J. Y. Kim, N. E. Coates, W. L. Ma, D. Moses, A. J. Heeger and G. C. Bazan, Nature Materials, 2007, 6, 497-500. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] A. C. Arias, J. D. MacKenzie, R. Stevenson, J. J. M. Halls, M. Inbasekaran, E. P. Woo, D. Richards and R. H. Friend, Macromolecules, 2001, 34, 6005-6013. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9] P. E. Keivanidis, I. A. Howard and R. H. Friend, Advanced Functional Materials, 2008, 18, 3189-3202. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] M. Campoy-Quiles, T. Ferenczi, T. Agostinelli, P. G. Etchegoin, Y. Kim, T. D. Anthopoulos, P. N. Stavrinou, D. D. C. Bradley and J. Nelson, Nature Materials, 2008, 7, 158-164. Google Scholar

  • [11] A. C. Arias, N. Corcoran, M. Banach, R. H. Friend, J. D. MacKenzie and W. T. S. Huck, Applied Physics Letters, 2002 80, 1695-1697. Google Scholar

  • [12] M. Vogel, J. Strotmann, B. Johnev, A. C. Lux-Steiner and K. Fostiropoulos, Thin Solid Films, 2006, 511, 367-370. Google Scholar

  • [13] Ohkita H., Cook S., Astuti Y., Duffy W., Tierney S., Zhang W., Heeney M., McCulloch I., Nelson J., Bradley D. D. C. and Durrant J. R., Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2008, 130, 3030. Google Scholar

  • [14] A. W. Hains, T. J. Marks, Applied Physics Letters, 2008, 92, 023504. Google Scholar

  • [15] N. Li, B. E. Lassiter, R. R. Lunt, G. Wei and S. R. Forrest, Applied Physics Letters, 2009, 94, 023307. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] P. Sonar, J. Pui Fong Lim K. Leok Chan, Energy & Environmental Science, 2011, 4, 1558-1574 Google Scholar

  • [17] C. L. Chochos, N. Tagmatarchis, V. Gregoriou, The Royal Society of Chemistry Advances, 2013, doi: 10.1039/C3RA22926B. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] P. E. Keivanidis, S. H. Khong, P. K. H. Ho, N. C. Greenham and R. H. Friend, Applied Physics Letters, 2009, 94, 173303. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [19] P. E. Keivanidis, P. K. H. Ho, R. H. Friend and N. C. Greenham, Advanced Functional Materials, 2010, 20, 3895-3903. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20] J. H. Seo, A. Gutacker, Y. Sun, H. Wu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, U. Scherf, A. J. Heeger, G. C. Bazan, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2011, 133, 8416- 8419. Google Scholar

  • [21] R. Steim, F. R. Kogler, C. J. Brabec, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2010, 20, 2499-2512. Google Scholar

  • [22] R. Steim, S. A. Choulis, P. Schilinsky, C. J. Brabec, Applied Physics Letters, 2008, 92, 093303. Google Scholar

  • [23] J. Subbiah, D. Y. Kim, M. Hartel, F. So, Applied Physics Letters, 2010, 96, 063303. Google Scholar

  • [24] S. H. Park, A. Roy, S. Beaupré, S. Cho, N. Coates, J. S. Moon, D. Moses, M. Leclerc, K. Lee, A. J. Heeger, Nature Photonics, 2009, 3, 297. Google Scholar

  • [25] Z. He, C. Zhong, S. Su, M. Xu, H. Wu, Y. Cao, Nature Photonics, 2012, 6, 591-595. Google Scholar

  • [26] Y. Zhou, C. F.-Hernandez, J. Shim, J. Meyer, A. J. Giordano, H. Li, P. Winget, P. Papadopoulos, H. Cheun, J. Kim, M. Fenoll, A. Dindar, W. Haske, E. Najafabadi, T. M. Khan, H. Sojoudi, S. Barlow, S. Graham, J.-L. Brédas, S. R. Marder, A. Kahn, B. Kippelen, Science, 2012, 336, 327-332. Google Scholar

  • [27] Z. Tang, L. M. Andersson, Z. George, K. Vandewal, K. Tvingstedt, P. Heriksson, R. Kroon, M. R. Andersson, O. Inganäs, Advanced Materials, 2012, 24, 554-558. Google Scholar

  • [28] F. Deschler, D. Riedel, B. Ecker, E. von Hauff, E. Da Como and R. C. I. MacKenzie, Physical Chemical Physical, 2013, 15, 764-769. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29] J. J. Dittmer, E. A. Marseglia, R. H., Friend, Advanced Materials, 2000, 12, 1270. Google Scholar

  • [30] I. A. Howard, F. Laquai, P. E. Keivanidis, R. H. Friend, N. C. Greenham, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2009, 113, 21225. Google Scholar

  • [31] P. E. Keivanidis, J. Jacob, L. Oldridge, P. Sonar, B. Carbonnier, S. Baluschev, A. C. Grimsdale, K. Müllen and G. Wegner, ChemPhysChem, 2005, 6, 1650. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [32] J. Jacob, J. Y. Zhang, A. C. Grimsdale, K. Müllen, M. Gaal and E. J. W. List, Macromolecules, 2003, 36, 8240-8245. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [33] F. Laquai, P. E. Keivanidis, S. Baluschev, J. Jacob, K. Müllen and G. Wegner, Applied Physics Letters, 2005, 87, 261917. Google Scholar

  • [34] R. Singh, E. Giussani, F. Di Fonzo, D. Fazzi, M. M. Mr´oz, J. Cabanillas-Gonzalez, K. Müllen, J. Jacob, P. E. Keivanidis, (manuscript in preparation) Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [35] J. S. Kim, R. H. Friend, I. Grizzi, J. H. Burroughes, Applied Physics Letters, 2005, 87, 023506. Google Scholar

  • [36] S. A. Choulis, V. E. Choong, M. K. Mathai, F. So, Applied Physics Letters, 2005, 87, 113503. Google Scholar

  • [37] E. J. W. List, R. Guentner, P. S. de Freitas and U. Scherf, Advanced Materials, 2002, 14, 374-378. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [38] M. Sims, D. D. C. Bradley, M. Ariu, M. Koeberg, A. Asimakis, M. Grell and L. D.G., Advanced Functional Materials, 2004, 14, 765-781. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [39] C. L. Chochos, J. K. Kallitsis, P. E. Keivanidis, S. Baluschev and V.G. Gregoriou, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2006, 110, 4657. Google Scholar

  • [40] J. Kang, J. Jo, Y. Jo, S. Y. Lee, P. E. Keivanidis, G. Wegner and D. Y. Yoon, Polymer, 2008, 49, 5700- 5704. Google Scholar

  • [41] M. Maus, R. De, M. Lor, T. Weil, S. Mitra, U. M. Wiesler, A. Herrmann, J. Hofkens, T. Vosch, K. Müllen and F. C. De Schryver, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2001, 123, 7668-7676 Google Scholar

  • [42] M. W. Holman, P. Yan, D. M. Adams, S. Westenhoff and C. Silva, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2005, 109, 8548-8552. Google Scholar

  • [43] A. A. Bakulin, J. C. Hummelen, M. S. Pshenichnikov, P. H. M. van Loosdrecht, Advanced Functional Materials, 2010, 20, 1653 - 1660. Google Scholar

  • [44] M. A. Faist, P. E. Keivanidis, S. Foster, P. H. Wobkenberg, T. D. Anthopoulos, D. D. C. Bradley, J. R. Durrant and J. Nelson, Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics, 2011, 49, 45-51. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [45] L. Schmidt-Mende, A. Fechtenkötter, K. Müllen, E. Moons, R. H. Friend, J. D. MacKenzie, Science 2001, 293, 1119-1122. Google Scholar

  • [46] V. Kamm, G. Battagliarin, I. A. Howard, W. Pisula, A. Mavrinskiy, C. Li, K. Müllen, F. Laquai, Advanced Functional Materials, 2011, 1, 297-302. Google Scholar

  • [47] T. Ye, R. Singh, H.-J. Butt, G. Floudas, P. E. Keivanidis, submitted manuscript Google Scholar

  • [48] F. C. Krebbs, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 2009, 93, 394-412.Google Scholar

About the article


Received: 2013-06-15

Accepted: 2013-07-17

Published Online: 2013-10-07


Citation Information: Organic Photonics and Photovoltaics, ISSN (Online) 2299-3177, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/oph-2013-0003.

Export Citation

©2013 Versita Sp. z o.o.. This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
M. Pandeeswar and T. Govindaraju
Mol. Syst. Des. Eng., 2016, Volume 1, Number 2, Page 202
[2]
Eduardo Aluicio-Sarduy, Ranbir Singh, Zhipeng Kan, Tengling Ye, Aliaksandr Baidak, Alberto Calloni, Giulia Berti, Lamberto Duò, Agathaggelos Iosifidis, Serge Beaupré, Mario Leclerc, Hans-Jürgen Butt, George Floudas, and Panagiotis E. Keivanidis
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2015, Volume 7, Number 16, Page 8687
[3]
Atul K. Dwivedi, M. Pandeeswar, and T. Govindaraju
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2014, Volume 6, Number 23, Page 21369
[4]
Ranbir Singh, Ester Giussani, Marta M. Mrόz, Fabio Di Fonzo, Daniele Fazzi, Juan Cabanillas-González, Luke Oldridge, Naoum Vaenas, Athanassios G. Kontos, Polycarpos Falaras, Andrew C. Grimsdale, Josemon Jacob, Klaus Müllen, and Panagiotis E. Keivanidis
Organic Electronics, 2014, Volume 15, Number 7, Page 1347

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in