Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Organic Photonics and Photovoltaics

Editor-in-Chief: Facchetti, Antonio

Ed. by Ponomarenko, Sergei

1 Issue per year


Emerging Science

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2299-3177
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Controlling the Solidification of Organic Photovoltaic Blends with Nucleating Agents

Jennifer A. Nekuda Malik
  • Department of Materials and Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Neil D. Treat
  • Department of Materials and Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Maged Abdelsamie
  • Department of Materials and Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Liyang Yu
  • Department of Materials and Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ruipeng Li
  • Department of Materials and Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Detlef-M. Smilgies
  • Department of Materials and Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Aram Amassian
  • Department of Materials and Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Craig J. Hawker
  • Department of Materials and Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Michael L. Chabinyc
  • Department of Materials and Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Natalie Stingelin
  • Department of Materials and Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-11-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/oph-2014-0006

Abstract

Blending fullerenes with a donor polymer for the fabrication of organic solar cells often leads to at least partial vitrification of one, if not both, components. For prototypical poly(3-hexylthiophene):fullerene blend, we show that the addition of a commercial nucleating agent, di(3,4-dimethyl benzylidene)sorbitol, to such binary blends accelerates the crystallization of the donor, resulting in an increase in its degree of crystallinity in as-cast structures. This allows manipulation of the extent of intermixing/ phase separation of the donor and acceptor directly from solution, offering a tool to improve device characteristics such as power conversion efficiency.

References

  • [1] Y. Diao, B. C. K. Tee, G. Giri, J. Xu, D. H. Kim, H. A. Becerril, R. M. Stoltenberg, T. H. Lee, G. Xue, S. C. B. Mannsfeld and Z. Bao, Nature Materials, 2013, 12, 665-671. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] J. Rivnay, L. H. Jimison, J. E. Northrup, M. F. Toney, R. Noriega, S. Lu, T. J. Marks, A. Facchetti and A. Salleo, Nature Materials, 2009, 8, 952-958. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] C. J. Brabec, M. Heeney, I. McCulloch and J. Nelson, Chemical Society Reviews, 2011, 40, 1185-1199. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] N. D. Treat, C. G. Shuttle, M. F. Toney, C. J. Hawker and M. L. Chabinyc, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2011, 21, 15224- 15231. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] P. A. Troshin, H. Hoppe, J. Renz, M. Egginger, J. Y.Mayorova, A. E. Goryochev, A. S. Peregudov, R. N. Lyubovskaya, G. Gobsch, N. S. Sariciftci and V. F. Razumov, Advanced Functional Materials, 2009, 19, 779-788. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] N. D. Treat, A. Varotto, C. J. Takacs, N. Batara, M. Al-Hashimi, M. J. Heeney, A. J. Heeger, F.Wudl, C. J. Hawker and M. L. Chabinyc, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2012, 134, 15869- 15879. Google Scholar

  • [7] A. T. Yiu, P. M. Beaujuge, O. P. Lee, C. H. Woo, M. F. Toney and J. M. J. Frechet, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2012, 134, 2180-2185. Google Scholar

  • [8] J. Peet, J. Y. Kim, N. E. Coates, W. L. Ma, D. Moses, A. J. Heeger and G. C. Bazan, Nat Mater, 2007, 6, 497-500. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9] J. T. Rogers, K. Schmidt, M. F. Toney, G. C. Bazan and E. J. Kramer, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2012, 134, 2884-2887. Google Scholar

  • [10] M. Kristiansen, M. Werner, T. Tervoort, P. Smith, M. Blomenhofer and H. W. Schmidt, Macromolecules, 2003, 36, 5150-5156. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11] M. Kristiansen, T. Tervoort, P. Smith and H. Goossens, Macromolecules, 2005, 38, 10461-10465. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [12] C. Muller, T. A. M. Ferenczi, M. Campoy-Quiles, J. M. Frost, D. D. C. Bradley, P. Smith, N. Stingelin-Stutzmann and J. Nelson, Advanced Materials, 2008, 20, 3510-3515. Google Scholar

  • [13] F. P. V. Koch, J. Rivnay, S. Foster, C. Müller, J. M. Downing, E. Buchaca-Domingo, P. Westacott, L. Yu, M. Yuan, M. Baklar, Z. Fei, C. Luscombe, M. A. McLachlan, M. Heeney, G. Rumbles, C. Silva, A. Salleo, J. Nelson, P. Smith and N. Stingelin, Progress in Polymer Science. Google Scholar

  • [14] B. Wunderlich, Macromolecular Physics: Crystal nucleation, growth, annealing, Academic Press, 1976. Google Scholar

  • [15] L. J. Tung and S. Buckser, The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1958, 62, 1530-1534 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] N. D. Treat, J. A. Nekuda Malik, O. Reid, L. Yu, C. G. Shuttle, G. Rumbles, C. J. Hawker, M. L. Chabinyc, P. Smith and N. Stingelin, Nature Materials, 2013, 12, 628-633. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [17] N. Shin, L. J. Richter, A. A. Herzing, R. J. Kline and D. M. De- Longchamp, Advanced Energy Materials, 2013, 3, 938-948. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] Koch, F. P. V.; Heeney, M.; Smith, P. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2013, 135, 13699 Google Scholar

  • [19] Zhao, K.; Khan, H. U.; Li, R.; Su, Y.; Amassian, A. Advanced Functional Materials 2013, 23, 6024. Google Scholar

  • [20] E. Verploegen, R. Mondal, C. J. Bettinger, S. Sok, M. F. Toney and Z. A. Bao, Advanced Functional Materials, 2010, 20, 3519-3529. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [21] N. D. Treat, M. A. Brady, G. Smith, M. F. Toney, E. J. Kramer, C. J. Hawker and M. L. Chabinyc, Advanced Energy Materials, 2011, 1, 82-89. Google Scholar

  • [22] L. H. Jimison, A. Salleo, M. L. Chabinyc, D. P. Bernstein and M. F. Toney, Physical Review B, 2008, 78, 125319. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] K.W. Chou, B. Yan, R. Li, E. Q. Li, K. Zhao, D. H. Anjum, S. Alvarez, R. Gassaway, A. Biocca, S. T. Thoroddsen, A. Hexemer and A. Amassian, Advanced Materials, 2013, 25, 1923-1929. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24] K. Hecht, Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, 1932, 77, 235-245. Google Scholar

  • [25] Y. Kim, S. Cook, S. M. Tuladhar, S. A. Choulis, J. Nelson, J. R. Durrant, D. D. C. Bradley, M. Giles, I. McCulloch, C.-S. Ha and M. Ree, Nat Mater, 2006, 5, 197-203. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [26] Lindqvist, C.; Bergqvist, J.; Feng, C.-C.; Gustafsson, S.; Backe, O.; Treat, N. D.; Bounioux, C.; Henriksson, P.; Kroon, R.; Wang, E.; Sanz-Velasco, A.; Kristiansen, P. M.; Stingelin, N.; Olsson, E.; Inganas, O.; Andersson, M. R.; Muller, C. Advanced Energy Materials 2014, 4. Google Scholar

About the article


Received: 2014-06-09

Accepted: 2014-08-11

Published Online: 2014-11-20


Citation Information: Organic Photonics and Photovoltaics, ISSN (Online) 2299-3177, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/oph-2014-0006.

Export Citation

©2014 Jennifer A. Nekuda Malik et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Nicholas D. Eastham, Alexander S. Dudnik, Thomas J. Aldrich, Eric F. Manley, Thomas J. Fauvell, Patrick E. Hartnett, Michael R. Wasielewski, Lin X. Chen, Ferdinand S. Melkonyan, Antonio Facchetti, Robert P. H. Chang, and Tobin J. Marks
Chemistry of Materials, 2017, Volume 29, Number 10, Page 4432

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in