Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …
New journal!

Open Information Science

Editor-in-Chief: Sturges, Paul

1 Issue per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2451-1781
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Transdisciplinarity across the Qualitative and Quantitative Science through C.S. Peirce’s Semiotic Concept of Habit

Søren Brier
  • Department for Management, Society and Communication, Copenhagen Business School, Dalgas Have 15, Frederiksberg, Denmark
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-09-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opis-2018-0008

Abstract

This paper investigates how Peirce manages to establish a transdisciplinary fallibilist view of the sciences that is not hostile to religious spirituality viewed as a complementary fallibilist knowledge type. I focus on Peirce’s attempt to construct an alternative to classical mechanical ontology with its reversible time concept and the ontological view of absolute transcendental laws of nature. His triadic semiotic pragmaticism has empiricism in common with the logical positivists, but it shares the fallibilist critical stance with Popper, with whose critical rationalism Peirce also shares a thorough-going evolutionary approach. With Hegel and Schelling, Peirce shares a kind of evolutionary objective idealism and with Whitehead a thoroughgoing process view, and finally with Wittgenstein, he shares a pragmatic view of the meaning of words and concepts. What knits together all these apparently incompatible views is his dynamic Tychism and his Synechist field view. Together these produce a transdisciplinary irreversible view of habits as “laws” of nature, mind, and society that emerge in the development of the cosmos. Though Peirce is somehow close to Hegel’s phenomenological and dialectical view on cosmogony, a number of aspects are quite unique about his approach: the most important of these are his dynamic triadic categorically-based semiotics that makes him understand human beings as well as the universe as symbolic self-organizing developing processes. This is an interesting alternative to modern mechanical info-computationalism.

Keywords: Peirce; habits

References

  • Apel, K. O. (1981). Charles S. Peirce: from pragmatism to pragmaticism. Boston, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.Google Scholar

  • Barad, K. (2017). Meeting the universe halfway: quantum physics and the entanglement of matter and meaning, Durham, NC: Duke University Press. von Bertalanffy, L. (1976/68). General System Theorie. Foundations, development, applications, New York, NY: Braziller.Google Scholar

  • Brier, S. (2013). Cybersemiotics: why information is not enough, Toronto: Toronto University Press.Google Scholar

  • Brier, S. (2014a). Pure zero. In T. Thellefsen & B. Sørensen (Eds.), Charles Sanders Peirce in His Own Words-100 Years of Semiotics, Communication and Cognition (pp. 207-212). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.Google Scholar

  • Brier, S. (2014b). The riddle of the sphinx answered: on how C.S. Peirce’s transdisciplinary semiotic philosophy of knowing links science, spirituality and knowing; death and anti-death, Ann Arbor, MI: Ria University Press; Volume 12, pp. 47-130.Google Scholar

  • Brier, S. (2015a). Cybersemiotics and the reasoning powers of the universe: Philosophy of information in a Semiotic-Systemic Transdisciplinary Approach. Green Lett. Stud. Ecocriticism. doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Brier, S. (2015b). Can biosemiotics be a “science” if its purpose is to be a bridge between the natural, social and human sciences? Progress in Biophysics & Molecular Biology, 119, 576-587.Google Scholar

  • Brier, S. (2017a). How to produce a transdisciplinary information concept for a universal theory of information, In: M. Burgin, W. Hofkirchner (Eds.). Information studies and the quest for transdisciplinarity: unity through diversity, World Scientific Series in Information Studies: Volume 9, Singapore: World Scientific.Google Scholar

  • Brier, S. (2017b). How Peircean semiotic philosophy connects Western science with Eastern emptiness ontology. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology. 131, 22-107.Google Scholar

  • Houser, N., Kloesel, C. (Eds.) (1992). The essential Peirce: selected philosophical writings, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, Vol. 1.Google Scholar

  • Jantsch, E. (1980). The Self-Organizing Universe; New York, NY: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar

  • Josephson, B. D. (forthcoming 2018). Biological organization as the true foundation of reality, In: R. L. Amoroso, L. H. Kauffman, P. Rowlands (Eds.), Unified Field Mechanics II: 10th International Symposium in Honor of Mathematical Physicist Jean-Pierre Vigier, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.Google Scholar

  • Mingers, J. (1995). Self-producing systems: implications and applications of autopoiesis, New York and London: Plenum Press.Google Scholar

  • Nicolescu, B. (2014). From modernity to cosmodernity: science, culture and spirituality, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press (S U N Y Series in Western Esoteric Traditions).Google Scholar

  • Peirce, C. S. (1931-1958). Collected papers. C. Hartshorne, P. Weiss (Eds.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 8 vols. [Past Masters CD-ROM version]Google Scholar

  • Peirce, C.S. (1998). The essential Peirce: selected philosophical writings, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, Volume 2.Google Scholar

  • Potters, V. G. (1997). Charles S. Peirce: on norms & ideals; New York, NY: Fordham University Press.Google Scholar

  • Prigogine, I., Stengers, I. (1984). Order Out of Chaos; New York, NY: Bantam Books.Google Scholar

  • Ransdell, J. (2017). Is Peirce a phenomenologist?. Cybernetics & Human Knowing. 24, 69-81. (This paper appeared in print in a French translation by André Detienne (1989) as “Peirce est-il un phénoménologue?” in Ètudes Phénoménologiques, 9-10, 51-75. This English-language version is the original translated into French and has never been published in paper before 2017).Google Scholar

  • Raposa, M. L. (1989). Peirce’s philosophy of religion; Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar

  • Romanini, V. (2014). Semiosis as a living process, In V. Romanini & E. Fernández (Eds.), Peirce and biosemiotics: a guess at the riddle of life (pp. 215-239). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Searle, J. (1989). Minds, brains and science. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar

  • Smolin, L. (2013). Time Reborn, London: Alan Lane.Google Scholar

  • Stjernfelt, F. (2014). Natural Propositions; Boston, MA: Docent Press.Google Scholar

  • Wheeler, J. A. (1994). At home in the universe, Woodbury, NY: AIP Press.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2018-01-10

Accepted: 2018-06-05

Published Online: 2018-09-15

Published in Print: 2018-09-01


Citation Information: Open Information Science, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 102–114, ISSN (Online) 2451-1781, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opis-2018-0008.

Export Citation

© by Søren Brier, published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in