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Metaphor Evaluation of Leadership Styles: A Case Study of Presidential New Year Greetings

Liudmila Arcimaviciene / Vida Jonaitiene
Published Online: 2015-04-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opli-2015-0006


By using the analytical framework of Critical Metaphor Analysis (CMA) and procedurally employing Pragglejaz Group’s Metaphor Identification Procedure (MIP), this study aims at evaluating metaphor use in the narrative of presidential New Year greetings of twelve political leaders. The evaluation of the identified 409 metaphoric clusters has demonstrated that different political leaders evoke two power skills within the ethical dimension: hard and soft. Furthermore, it has been clarified that hard power leadership is more varied at its three conceptual levels of semantic representation: pragmatic, intermediary and transactional. The clarified metaphoric utterances have revealed that female leaders are more democratic in their conceptualisation and linguistic preferences than their male counterparts, i.e. the male leaders tend to prioritise competitive forcefulness over cognitive empathy and community concerns, while the female leaders tend to emphasize the importance of a unified and compassionate approach to solving social and political problems.

Keywords: Critical metaphor analysis; leadership styles; political discourse


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About the article

Received: 2014-10-16

Accepted: 2015-02-19

Published Online: 2015-04-01

Citation Information: Open Linguistics, Volume 1, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2300-9969, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opli-2015-0006.

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© 2015 Liudmila Arcimaviciene, Vida Jonaitiene. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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