Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Linguistics

Editor-in-Chief: Ehrhart, Sabine

1 Issue per year


Covered by:
Elsevier - SCOPUS
Clarivate Analytics - Emerging Sources Citation Index
ERIH PLUS

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-9969
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Formulating Place, Common Ground, and a Moral Order in Lachixío Zapotec

Mark A. Sicoli
  • Department of Anthropology, University of Virginia,P.O. Box 400120, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4120, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-06-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opli-2016-0009

Abstract

People make reference to places in the variable formulations afforded by their languages and to multiple ends that in addition to picking out a referent, simultaneously build conceptual common ground about seen and unseen landscapes, including moral stances about the social geography. This paper examines the different ways that Lachixío Zapotec speakers of Oaxaca, Mexico, formulate and interpret place references in the dialogic narratives of their conversations. I examine sequences of interaction within stories that emerged in conversations as joint social actions. These sequences include both speakers’ place formulations and addressees’ responses that publically display their uptake and stances toward the references. I describe resources of the Lachixío Zapotec language for referencing place and show how place references are entangled with person references, references to historical events, and participants’ moral stances toward such references. Through examining references to locations within sequences of conversational story telling we gather some evidence for how conceptual common ground and moral value is developed through the step-wise progression of turn-taking and how stances about places come to be culturally shared or contested between interlocutors dialogically.

Keywords: place reference; landscape; conversation; narrative; morality; common ground; turn-taking; stance; Zapotec; Otomanguean

References

  • Basso, Ellen B. 1985. A musical view of the universe. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Google Scholar

  • Basso, Keith, H. 1996. Wisdom sits in places: Landscape and language among Western Apache. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Google Scholar

  • Bradomín, José María. 1992. Toponimia de Oaxaca (Crítica Etimológica). Tercera edición. México: D.F.: Imprenta Arana. Google Scholar

  • Beam de Azcona, Rosemary G. 2012. Southern Zapotec toponyms. In Lillehaugen, Brook, Aaron Sonnenschein (eds.), The expression of location in Zapotecan languages. Muenchen, Germany: Lincom Europa. Google Scholar

  • Bohnemeyer, Juergen. 2011. Spatial frames of reference in Yucatec: Referential promiscuity and task-specificity. Language Sciences 33 (6), pp. 892-914. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Brown, Penelope, Mark A. Sicoli, and Olivier Le Guen. 2010. Cross-speaker repetition in Tzeltal, Yucatec, and Zapotec conversation. Paper presented at ICCA 10: International Conference on Conversation Analysis session CA in Non-Mother Tongue Settings, Mannheim, Germany, 8 July. Google Scholar

  • Campbell, Lyle, Terrence Kaufman, and Thomas C. Smith-Stark. 1986. Meso-America as a linguistic area. Language 62 (3), pp. 530-570. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Chafe, Wallace. 1998. Language and the flow of thought. In Tomasello, Michael (ed.), The new psychology of language: Cognitive and functional approaches to language structure. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 93-111. Google Scholar

  • de Certeau, Michel. 1984. The practice of everyday life, translated by Steven Rendall. Berkeley: University of California Press. Google Scholar

  • de la Fuente, Julio. 1947. Notas sobre lugares de Oaxaca con especial referencia a la toponimia zapoteca. Anales del Museo Nacional de México 2, pp. 279-292. Google Scholar

  • Du Bois, John W. 2007. The stance triangle. In Englebretson, Robert (ed.), Stancetaking in discourse: Subjectivity, evaluation, interaction. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 139-182. Google Scholar

  • Duranti, Alessandro. 1986. The audience as co-author: An introduction. Text (6), pp. 239-247. Google Scholar

  • Enfield. N.J. 2013. Relationship Thinking. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar

  • Feld, Steven and Basso, Keith H. 1996. Senses of place. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press. Google Scholar

  • Foster, George M. 1994. Hippocrates’ Latin American Legacy: Humoral medicine in the New World. Volume 1. Langhorne, PA: Gordon and Breach. Google Scholar

  • Friedrich, Paul. 1969. On the meaning of the Tarascan suffixes of space. International Journal of American Linguistics Memoir, 23. Google Scholar

  • Geertz, Clifford. 1973. Thick description: Toward an interpretive theory of culture. In Geertz, Clifford The interpretation of cultures. New Yord: Basic Books, pp. 3-30. Google Scholar

  • Gibson, J. J. 1977. The theory of affordances. In Shaw, Robert, John Bransford (eds.) Perceiving, Acting, and Knowing: Toward an Ecological Psychology. Hillsdale, NJ:Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 67-82. Google Scholar

  • Grice, H.P. 1975. Logic and conversation. In Cole, Peter, Jerry L. Morgan (eds.), Syntax and Semantics, vol.3, New York: Academic Press, pp. 41-58. Google Scholar

  • Goffman, Erving. 1967. Interaction ritual: Essays on face-to-face behavior. New York: Anchor Books. Google Scholar

  • Goffman, Erving. 1981. The Interaction Order. American Sociological Review 48, pp. 1-17. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Goodwin, Charles. 1986. Audience diversity, participation, and interpretation. Text 6, pp. 283-316 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Guzmán Betancourt, Ignacio. 1989. Toponimia Mexicana: Bibliografia general. Mexico, D.F.: Dirección de Lingüística, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. Google Scholar

  • Guzmán Betancourt, Ignacio, Martha C Muntzel, and Maria Elena Villegas Molina. 2010. Itinerario toponímico de México. Mexico, D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia. Google Scholar

  • Hanks, William. 1992. The indexical ground of deictic reference. In Duranti, Alessandro, Charles Goodwin (eds.), Rethinking context: Language as an interactive phenomenon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 43-77. Google Scholar

  • Haviland, John B. 1993. Anchoring, iconicity, and orientation in Guugu Yimithirr pointing gestures. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 3, pp. 3-45. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Heidegger, Martin. 1977. Building dwelling thinking. In Krell, David F. (ed.), Martin Heidegger: Basic writings. New York: Harper and Row, pp. 319-39. Google Scholar

  • Heritage, John. 1984. A change-of-state token and aspects of its sequential placement. In Atkinson, J. Maxwell, John Heritage (eds.), Structures of social action. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 299-345. Google Scholar

  • Hill, Jane H. 1995. The voices of Don Gabriel: Responsibility and moral grounds in a modern Mexicano narrative. In Tedlock, Dennis, Bruce Mannheim (eds.), The dialogic emergence of culture. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, pp. 97-147. Google Scholar

  • Hirsch, Eric. 1995. Introduction: Landscape, between Place and Space. In Hirsch, Eric, Michael O’Hanlon (eds.), The anthropology of landscape: Perspectives on place and space. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 1-30. Google Scholar

  • Hoem, Ingjerd. 1993. Space and morality in Tokelau. Pragmatics 3, pp. 137-153. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Husserl, Edmund. 1958. Ideas. London: George Allen and Unwin. Google Scholar

  • Hymes, Dell. 1974. Ways of Speaking. In Bauman, Richard and Joel Sherzer (eds.), Explorations in the ethnography of communication. London and New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 432-451. Google Scholar

  • Johnstone, Barbara. 1990. Stories, community, and place: Narratives from Middle America. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Google Scholar

  • Johnstone, Barbara. 2011. Language and Place. In Mesthrie, Rajend (ed.), Cambridge Handbook of Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 203-217. Google Scholar

  • Keating, Elizabeth. 2015. Discourse, space, and place. In Tannen, Deborah, Heidi E. Hamilton, and Deborah Schiffrin (eds.), The handbook of discourse analysis, second edition. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., pp. 244-261. Google Scholar

  • Keane, Webb. 2011. Indexing Voice: A morality tale. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 21 (2), pp. 166-178. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Keane, Webb. 2016. Ethical life: Its natural and social histories. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Google Scholar

  • Kockelman, Paul. 2004. Stance and subjectivity. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 14 (2), pp. 127-150. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lawrence, Denise L. and Setha M. Low. 1990. The built environment and spatial form. Annual Review of Anthropology 19, pp. 453-505. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lempert, Michael. No ordinary ethics. Anthropological Theory 13 (4), pp. 370-393. Google Scholar

  • Levinson, Stephen C. 1996. Language and space. Annual Review of Anthropology, 25, pp. 353-382. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.anthro.25.1.353 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Levinson, Stephen C. 2004. Space in language and cognition: Explorations in cognitive diversity. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press. Google Scholar

  • Levinson, Stephen C. 2006. On the human “interaction engine.” In Enfield, N.J. and Stephen C. Levinson (eds.), Roots of human sociality: Culture, cognition, and interaction. Oxford and New York: Berg, pp. 39-69. Google Scholar

  • Levinson, Stephen. C., Juergen Bohnemeyer, and N.J. Enfield. 2008. Time and space questionnaire. In Majid, Asifa (ed.), Field Manual Volume 11. Nijmegen: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, pp. 42-49. Google Scholar

  • Levinson, Stephen C. and David P. Wilkins. 2006. Patterns in the data: Towards a semantic typology of spatial description. In Levinson, Stephen. C., and David P. Wilkins (eds.). Grammars of space: Explorations in cognitive diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 512-552. Google Scholar

  • Linde, Charlotte, and William Labov. 1975. Spatial structures as a site for the study of language and thought. Language 51, pp. 924-939. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • MacLaury, Robert E. 1989. Zapotec body-part locatives: Prototypes and metaphoric extensions. International Journal of American Linguistics. 55 (2), pp. 119-154. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Majid, Asifa, Melissa Bowerman, Sotaro Kita, Daniel B.M. Haun, and Stephen C. Levinson. 2004. Can language restructure cognition? The case for space. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8 (3), pp. 108-114. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2004.01.003 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mannheim, Bruce and Dennis Tedlock. 1995. Introduction. In Tedlock, Dennis and Bruce Mannheim (eds.), The dialogic emergence of culture. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, pp. 1-32. Google Scholar

  • Mannheim, Bruce and Krista Van Vleet. 1998. The Dialogics of Southern Quechua Narrative. American Anthropologist 100 (2), pp. 326-46. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Nuckolls, Janis, and Lev Michael. 2014. Evidentiality in interaction. Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Google Scholar

  • Pederson, Eric, Eve Danziger, David Wilkins, Stephen Levinson, Sotaro Kita and Gunter Senft. 1998. Semantic typology and spatial conceptualization. Language 74 (3), pp. 557-589. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pérez-Báez, Gabriela. 2011. Spatial frames of reference preferences in Juchitán Zapotec. Language Sciences 33, pp. 943-960. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Polanyi, Livia. 1985. Telling the American story: A structural and cultural analysis of conversational storytelling. Norwood, NJ: Ablex. Google Scholar

  • Rumsey, Alan. 2001. Introduction. In Rumsey, Alan and James Weiner (eds.), Emplaced Myth: Space, narrative, and knowledge in Aboriginal Australia and Papua New Guinea. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, pp 1-18. Google Scholar

  • Sacks, Harvey and Emanuel A. Schegloff. 2007. Two preferences in the organization of reference to persons in conversation and their interaction. In Enfield N.J. and Tanya Stivers (eds.), Person reference in interaction: Linguistic, cultural, and social perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 23-28. Google Scholar

  • Sacks, Harvey, Emanuel A. Schegloff, and Gail Jefferson. 1974. A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 50, pp. 696–735. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schegloff, Emanuel. 1972. Notes on a conversational practice: Formulating Place. In Sudnow, David (ed.), Studies in social interaction. New York: The Free Press, pp. 75-119. Google Scholar

  • Schegloff, Emanuel. 2006. Interaction: The infrastructure for social institutions, the natural ecological niche for language, and the arena in which culture is enacted. In Enfield, N.J. and Stephen C. Levinson (eds.), Roots of human sociality: Culture, cognition, and interaction. Oxford and New York: Berg, pp. 70-96. Google Scholar

  • Schegloff, Emanuel A., Gail Jefferson, and Harvey Sacks. 1977. The Preference for Self-Correction in the Organization of Repair in Conversation. Language 53(2), pp. 361–382. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Scollon, Ron and Susie Scollon. 2003. Discourse in place: Language in the material world. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. Google Scholar

  • Sicoli, Mark A. 2007. Tono: A linguistic ethnography of tone and voice in a Zapotec region. PhD thesis. Ann Arbor MI: University of Michigan, USA. Google Scholar

  • Sicoli, Mark A. 2010. Shifting voices with participant roles: Voice qualities and speech registers in Mesoamerica. Language in Society 39(4), pp. 521-553. Google Scholar

  • Sicoli, Mark A. 2012. Zapotec Conversations Archive [online] The Language Archive. Max Planck Institute, Archive for linguistic resources. http://hdl.handle.net/1839/00-0000-0000-0017-B8CE-B@view (Access restricted and available on request). Google Scholar

  • Sicoli, Mark A. 2015a. Voice Registers. In Tannen, Deborah, Heidi E. Hamilton, and Deborah Schiffrin (eds.), The Handbook of Discourse Analysis, Second Edition. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., pp. 105-126. Google Scholar

  • Sicoli, Mark A. 2015b. Agency and verb valence in Lachixío Zapotec In Operstein, Natalie & Aaron Sonnenschien (eds.), Valence changes in Zapotec: Synchrony, Diachrony, Typology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, Typological Studies in Language Series, pp. 191-212. Google Scholar

  • Sicoli, Mark and Terrence Kaufman. 2010. Zapotec and Chatino Survey Archive [online]. The Language Archive. Max Planck Institute, Archive for linguistic resources. http://corpus1.mpi.nl/ds/imdi_browser?openpath=MPI663149%23 (Access restricted and available on request). Google Scholar

  • Smith Stark, Thomas C. 2004. Toponimia za. Paper for the volume on toponyms that was being prepared by Ignacio Guzmán at the time of his death and which is now being edited by his INAH colleagues. Google Scholar

  • Stivers, Tanya, N.J. Enfield, and Stephen C. Levinson. 2007. Person reference in interaction. In Enfield, N.J., Tanya Stivers (eds.), Person reference in interaction: Linguistic, cultural, and social perspectives, edited by N.J. Enfield and Tanya Stivers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-20. Google Scholar

  • Stross, Brian. 1976. Tzeltal anatomical terminology: Semantic processes. In McClaran, Marlys (ed.), Mayan Linguistics, Vol 1. American Indian Studies Center, University of California, Los Angeles. Google Scholar

  • Taggart, James. 1983. Nahuat myth and social structure. Austin: University of Texas Press. Google Scholar

  • Toren, Christina. 1995. Seeing the ancestral sites: Transformations in Figjian Notions of the land. In Hirsch, Eric, Michael O’Hanlon (eds.), The anthropology of landscape: Perspectives on place and space. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 163-183. Google Scholar

  • Urban, Greg. 1985. The semiotics of two speech styles in Shokleng. In Mertz, Elizabeth and Richard J. Parmentier (eds.), Semiotic mediation. Orlando, FL: Academic, pp. 311-329. Google Scholar

  • Williams, Bernard. 1981. Ethics and the limits of philosophy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Google Scholar

  • Wittenburg, Peter, Hennie Brugman, Albert Russel, Alexander Klassmann, A., and Hans Sloetjes. 2006. ELAN: A professional framework for multimodality research. Proceedings of LREC 2006, Fifth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation. http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2006/ Google Scholar

  • Wolf, Eric R. 1956. Aspects of Group Relations in a Complex Society: Mexico. American Anthropologist, New Series, 58 (6), pp. 1065-1078. Google Scholar

  • Zigon, Jarrett. 2007. Moral breakdown and the ethical demand: A theoretical framework for an anthropology of moralities. Anthropological Theory, 7 (2), pp. 131-150. Google Scholar

  • Zigon, Jarrett. 2008. Morality: An anthropological perspective. New York: Berg Google Scholar

  • Zúñiga, Rosa María. 1982. Toponimias Zapotecas: Desarollo de una metodología. Serie Lingüística, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-06-11

Accepted: 2016-01-25

Published Online: 2016-06-23


Citation Information: Open Linguistics, Volume 2, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2300-9969, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opli-2016-0009.

Export Citation

© 2016 Mark A. Sicoli. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in